Given a choice between the two, an organization should focus more on its culture than its regulations. Do you agree? (150 words – 10 marks)

Yes, I agree. The structure of an organization comprises the rules and procedures on the basis of which it is created and functions. A good structure is necessary for better performance, but is not sufficient. Rules and procedures can be effective only when interpreted and implemented in letter and spirit. This cannot be mandated by the structure but is influenced by the organizational culture. Organisational … Continue reading Given a choice between the two, an organization should focus more on its culture than its regulations. Do you agree? (150 words – 10 marks)

Accountability without responsibility is like a bird without wings. Comment. (150 words – 10 marks)

Accountability is necessary for better governance but not sufficient. It has some fundamental limitations which can be overcome only by performing our duties with a sense of responsibility. Such limitations include: i) Difficulties in constantly monitoring the various activities of subordinates. ii) Accountability can consider quantity but not quality. In situations where discretion is involved, accountability is of limited value. iii) It is vulnerable to … Continue reading Accountability without responsibility is like a bird without wings. Comment. (150 words – 10 marks)

Any attempt by an institution to withhold information from its stakeholders should invite strict censure. Do you agree?

No, I do not completely agree. There may be situations where information would need to be withheld for larger public interest. Such circumstances can arise when the matter concerns: i. Preserving national security e.g. it would be wrong for the media to relay live coverage of a terror attack while the operation is still in progress, as happened in Mumbai in 2008. ii. Matters that are sensitive … Continue reading Any attempt by an institution to withhold information from its stakeholders should invite strict censure. Do you agree?

There are unjust laws, just as there are unjust men. Explain with a suitable example. (150 words – 10 marks)

The words of Mahatma Gandhi were from his struggle in South Africa against the unjust racial laws. Laws protect the rights of people and regulate the civil activities. In most of the cases, laws are on the lines of ethical principles. But, there are also several laws which are clearly unethical. For example laws made by Nazi state in Germany or laws sanctioning racial discrimination … Continue reading There are unjust laws, just as there are unjust men. Explain with a suitable example. (150 words – 10 marks)

What are the ethical concerns involved in a country’s decision to deny asylum to refugees?

Such ethical concerns can be considered in two time-frames. Short-term concerns: i. Greater strain on scarce national resources, at the expense of ones own citizens. ii. Security risks, since the refugees are more vulnerable to recruitment by terror groups. iii. Provides no clear benefits to the host country, apart from possibly a moral high ground. Long-term concerns: i. Turning down refugees will make it difficult … Continue reading What are the ethical concerns involved in a country’s decision to deny asylum to refugees?