Seismic Gap:- It’s the earthquake prone area where occurs a gap in the occurrence record of major earthquakes. This means, that statistically, major earthquake is due ie, much more time had elapsed since the last major earthquake than the average time gap between two major earthquake as per the historical occurances. Liquefaction:- Earthquake waves gets significantly amplified when they passed through soft grounded ( water … Continue reading Geography – Seismic Gap, Liquefaction
Trade Winds:- Trade winds are most regular of all the planetary winds and in general they blow with great force and in constant direction. Since trade winds blow from the subtropical latitudes to the warmer equatorial latitudes, they have great capacity of holding moisture. In their passage across oceans, they gather more moisture and bring heavy rainfall to the east coast of continents. As their … Continue reading Geography Concept:- Trade Winds, Outback
El Nino :- El- Nino is Spanish word for male child ( Christ Child) El Nino refers to two things:- 1. ceasing of upwelling off west coast of South America (Eastern Pacific Ocean) 2. appearance of warmer waters than average on the surface of ocean off the west coast of South America. Statistically, El-nino has been found have a negative correlation with India’s summer monsoon … Continue reading Brief about El Nino, La Nino, Southern Oscillation, Walker Cell
Doldrums:- At sea, ITCZ area is called doldrums because sailors in olden days used to get becalmed here. It’s the region of weak winds (small pressure gradients), High Humidity and High Temperatures occuring heat near equator. Horse Latitude:- In olden days, Zones at about 30 N/S Degree were known as Horse latitude. When ships were becalmed, horses were thrown to reduce the load. Here, the … Continue reading Grography – ITCZ, Doldrums, Horse Latitude
• It is a chronic infective eye disease caused by infection with the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis which is transmitted through contact with eye and nose discharge of infected people, particularly young children who are most vulnerable to the infection. • It is also spread by flies which come in contact with the infected person and is most common under poor environment, low personal hygiene and … Continue reading What is Trachoma?
Currently there are 6 minorities in India viz. Muslims, Christians, Sikhs, Buddhists, Parsis and Jains. The Constitution does not define a minority or provide details relating to the geographical and numerical specification of the concept. However, it talks about ‘Minorities’ and speaks of those ‘based on religion or language and provides for special domain rights for them such as: • Article 29(1): Right of ‘any … Continue reading Safeguard for Minorities in India
• It is a joint Government, International Diamond Industry and Civil Society initiative to stem the flow of Conflict Diamonds (rough diamonds used to finance the conflicts and topple the established government). • It was started in 2003 after the United Nations General Assembly adopted a landmark resolution in 2000 supporting the creation of an international certification scheme for rough diamond. It also finds mention … Continue reading Kimberly Process Certification Scheme (KPCS)