Geography – Seismic Gap, Liquefaction

Seismic Gap:- It’s the earthquake prone area where occurs a gap in the occurrence record of major earthquakes. This means, that statistically, major earthquake is due ie, much more time had elapsed since the last major earthquake than the average time gap between two major earthquake as per the historical occurances. Telegram : https://t.me/SimplifiedIAS Liquefaction:-Continue reading “Geography – Seismic Gap, Liquefaction”

Geography Concept:- Trade Winds, Outback

Trade Winds:- Trade winds are most regular of all the planetary winds and in general they blow with great force and in constant direction. Since trade winds blow from the subtropical latitudes to the warmer equatorial latitudes, they have great capacity of holding moisture. In their passage across oceans, they gather more moisture and bringContinue reading “Geography Concept:- Trade Winds, Outback”

Brief about El Nino, La Nino, Southern Oscillation, Walker Cell

El Nino :- El- Nino is Spanish word for male child ( Christ Child) El Nino refers to two things:- 1. ceasing of upwelling off west coast of South America (Eastern Pacific Ocean) 2. appearance of warmer waters than average on the surface of ocean off the west coast of South America. Statistically, El-nino hasContinue reading “Brief about El Nino, La Nino, Southern Oscillation, Walker Cell”

Grography – ITCZ, Doldrums, Horse Latitude

Doldrums:- At sea, ITCZ area is called doldrums because sailors in olden days used to get becalmed here. It’s the region of weak winds (small pressure gradients), High Humidity and High Temperatures occuring heat near equator. Telegram:  https://t.me/SimplifiedIAS Horse Latitude:- In olden days, Zones at about 30 N/S Degree were known as Horse latitude. WhenContinue reading “Grography – ITCZ, Doldrums, Horse Latitude”

What is Trachoma?

• It is a chronic infective eye disease caused by infection with the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis which is transmitted through contact with eye and nose discharge of infected people, particularly young children who are most vulnerable to the infection. • It is also spread by flies which come in contact with the infected person andContinue reading “What is Trachoma?”

Safeguard for Minorities in India

Currently there are 6 minorities in India viz. Muslims, Christians, Sikhs, Buddhists, Parsis and Jains. The Constitution does not define a minority or provide details relating to the geographical and numerical specification of the concept. However, it talks about ‘Minorities’ and speaks of those ‘based on religion or language and provides for special domain rightsContinue reading “Safeguard for Minorities in India”

Kimberly Process Certification Scheme (KPCS)

• It is a joint Government, International Diamond Industry and Civil Society initiative to stem the flow of Conflict Diamonds (rough diamonds used to finance the conflicts and topple the established government). • It was started in 2003 after the United Nations General Assembly adopted a landmark resolution in 2000 supporting the creation of anContinue reading “Kimberly Process Certification Scheme (KPCS)”

India’s poor export infrastructure remains a major limitation on its export competitiveness. Discuss. Enumerate some of the steps the government of India is taking to improve our export infrastructure.

Approach • Introduce with the need for export competitiveness • List shortcomings in export infrastructure • What steps were taken to improve export infrastructure • Conclude appropriately Model Answer : Over the last 25 years since India’s liberalisation, its foreign trade has expanded multifold. But India’s share in World Merchandise Exports over the last fewContinue reading “India’s poor export infrastructure remains a major limitation on its export competitiveness. Discuss. Enumerate some of the steps the government of India is taking to improve our export infrastructure.”

The concept of “port led development” is central to the Sagarmala vision.” What is Sagarmala initiative and how can it help in achieving the aim of port led development.

Approach: • Introduce with India’s potential for port-led development • Explain Sagarmala initiative with its components • Explain how it will help in port led development • Conclude appropriately Model Answer : India is richly endowed with natural maritime advantages, a strategic location for key international trade routes, and navigable and potentially navigable waterways. ThereContinue reading “The concept of “port led development” is central to the Sagarmala vision.” What is Sagarmala initiative and how can it help in achieving the aim of port led development.”

Public private partnership is a key model of infrastructure development in India today but there is a need to mature it to deliver infrastructure projects better and faster. Discuss in light of the Kelkar Committee’s recommendations.

Approach • Give a brief introduction about PPP • Highlight the various shortcomings in PPP • Discuss the important recommendation of Kelkar committee • Conclude appropriately. Model Answer : Public private partnership (PPP) is a long-term contract between a private party and a government entity, for providing a public asset or service, in which theContinue reading “Public private partnership is a key model of infrastructure development in India today but there is a need to mature it to deliver infrastructure projects better and faster. Discuss in light of the Kelkar Committee’s recommendations.”