Geography – Seismic Gap, Liquefaction

Seismic Gap:- It's the earthquake prone area where occurs a gap in the occurrence record of major earthquakes. This means, that statistically, major earthquake is due ie, much more time had elapsed since the last major earthquake than the average time gap between two major earthquake as per the historical occurances. Telegram : https://t.me/SimplifiedIAS Liquefaction:- … Continue reading Geography – Seismic Gap, Liquefaction

Geography Concept:- Trade Winds, Outback

Trade Winds:- Trade winds are most regular of all the planetary winds and in general they blow with great force and in constant direction. Since trade winds blow from the subtropical latitudes to the warmer equatorial latitudes, they have great capacity of holding moisture. In their passage across oceans, they gather more moisture and bring … Continue reading Geography Concept:- Trade Winds, Outback

Brief about El Nino, La Nino, Southern Oscillation, Walker Cell

El Nino :- El- Nino is Spanish word for male child ( Christ Child) El Nino refers to two things:- 1. ceasing of upwelling off west coast of South America (Eastern Pacific Ocean) 2. appearance of warmer waters than average on the surface of ocean off the west coast of South America. Statistically, El-nino has … Continue reading Brief about El Nino, La Nino, Southern Oscillation, Walker Cell

Grography – ITCZ, Doldrums, Horse Latitude

Doldrums:- At sea, ITCZ area is called doldrums because sailors in olden days used to get becalmed here. It's the region of weak winds (small pressure gradients), High Humidity and High Temperatures occuring heat near equator. Telegram:  https://t.me/SimplifiedIAS Horse Latitude:- In olden days, Zones at about 30 N/S Degree were known as Horse latitude. When … Continue reading Grography – ITCZ, Doldrums, Horse Latitude

What is Trachoma?

• It is a chronic infective eye disease caused by infection with the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis which is transmitted through contact with eye and nose discharge of infected people, particularly young children who are most vulnerable to the infection. • It is also spread by flies which come in contact with the infected person and … Continue reading What is Trachoma?

Safeguard for Minorities in India

Currently there are 6 minorities in India viz. Muslims, Christians, Sikhs, Buddhists, Parsis and Jains. The Constitution does not define a minority or provide details relating to the geographical and numerical specification of the concept. However, it talks about ‘Minorities’ and speaks of those ‘based on religion or language and provides for special domain rights … Continue reading Safeguard for Minorities in India

Kimberly Process Certification Scheme (KPCS)

• It is a joint Government, International Diamond Industry and Civil Society initiative to stem the flow of Conflict Diamonds (rough diamonds used to finance the conflicts and topple the established government). • It was started in 2003 after the United Nations General Assembly adopted a landmark resolution in 2000 supporting the creation of an … Continue reading Kimberly Process Certification Scheme (KPCS)

India’s poor export infrastructure remains a major limitation on its export competitiveness. Discuss. Enumerate some of the steps the government of India is taking to improve our export infrastructure.

Approach • Introduce with the need for export competitiveness • List shortcomings in export infrastructure • What steps were taken to improve export infrastructure • Conclude appropriately Model Answer : Over the last 25 years since India’s liberalisation, its foreign trade has expanded multifold. But India's share in World Merchandise Exports over the last few … Continue reading India’s poor export infrastructure remains a major limitation on its export competitiveness. Discuss. Enumerate some of the steps the government of India is taking to improve our export infrastructure.

The concept of “port led development” is central to the Sagarmala vision.” What is Sagarmala initiative and how can it help in achieving the aim of port led development.

Approach: • Introduce with India's potential for port-led development • Explain Sagarmala initiative with its components • Explain how it will help in port led development • Conclude appropriately Model Answer : India is richly endowed with natural maritime advantages, a strategic location for key international trade routes, and navigable and potentially navigable waterways. There … Continue reading The concept of “port led development” is central to the Sagarmala vision.” What is Sagarmala initiative and how can it help in achieving the aim of port led development.

Public private partnership is a key model of infrastructure development in India today but there is a need to mature it to deliver infrastructure projects better and faster. Discuss in light of the Kelkar Committee’s recommendations.

Approach • Give a brief introduction about PPP • Highlight the various shortcomings in PPP • Discuss the important recommendation of Kelkar committee • Conclude appropriately. Model Answer : Public private partnership (PPP) is a long-term contract between a private party and a government entity, for providing a public asset or service, in which the … Continue reading Public private partnership is a key model of infrastructure development in India today but there is a need to mature it to deliver infrastructure projects better and faster. Discuss in light of the Kelkar Committee’s recommendations.

The FDI policy is being continuously revised to promote both the Greenfield and Brownfield investments but they are treated differently. Discuss along with the recent steps taken by government to boost foreign investment in India.

Approach • Introduce with Greenfield and Brownfield investments • Briefly discuss how the policy differs slightly • Then discuss steps taken to promote foreign investment • Conclude appropriately Model Answer : Greenfield investment is the investment in new plants or investment in which a parent company or government begins a new venture by constructing new … Continue reading The FDI policy is being continuously revised to promote both the Greenfield and Brownfield investments but they are treated differently. Discuss along with the recent steps taken by government to boost foreign investment in India.

Discuss the applications of biotechnology in the agriculture and allied sectors.

Approach Introduce by mentioning the need for biotechnology in agriculture and allied sectors Explain how biotechnology can be used in agriculture and allied sectors. Conclude appropriately. Model Answer : Agriculture along with its allied sectors is the largest source of livelihood in India. Biotechnology can be instrumental in improving productivity and modernising these sectors. The … Continue reading Discuss the applications of biotechnology in the agriculture and allied sectors.

What do you understand by Bioprospecting? What are the main benefits and challenges associated with bioprospecting?

Approach Introduce with explaining the concept of bioprospecting. Explain the benefits associated with bioprospecting. Explain the challenges associated with bioprospecting. Conclude appropriately Model Answer : Biodiversity prospecting or bioprospecting is the systematic search for biochemical and genetic information in nature in order to develop commercially valuable products for pharmaceutical, agricultural, cosmetic and other applications. The … Continue reading What do you understand by Bioprospecting? What are the main benefits and challenges associated with bioprospecting?

The Naga insurgency has been a major threat to India’s security and integrity and can destabilize multiple states in north-eastern India. Elaborate. Also discuss various measures taken by the governments in handling the issue.

Approach: Introduce the issue of Naga insurgency. Explain its impact on security of India as well as that in northeastern states. Provide measures undertaken by Government especially Naga peace accord. Conclude appropriately. Model Answer : Ever since Indian Independence, the Naga Insurgency has taken many forms, including the demands for secessionism to wanton violence. The … Continue reading The Naga insurgency has been a major threat to India’s security and integrity and can destabilize multiple states in north-eastern India. Elaborate. Also discuss various measures taken by the governments in handling the issue.

In Jammu & Kashmir, Pakistan is fighting a hybrid war, and Indian response should also be in the hybrid domain”. Discuss.

Approach: Introduce with Hybrid conflict Talk about how Pakistan indulges in regular and hybrid wars against India and India's response Discuss why India needs to engage in hybrid war and what it involves Conclude appropriately Model Answer : Hybrid war is one fought through a combination of conventional, irregular (efforts to win legitimacy and influence … Continue reading In Jammu & Kashmir, Pakistan is fighting a hybrid war, and Indian response should also be in the hybrid domain”. Discuss.

Everything about Industrial Revival

Earlier slowdown in industrial growth: Demonetisation: The November 2016 demonetisation had a major impact on industrial activity. For example, growth in the IIP was a relatively robust 5% in November 2016, but slowed to 1.2% by February 2017. Activity resumed thereafter, but was hit again by the prospect of the Goods and Services Tax and … Continue reading Everything about Industrial Revival

The lowdown on industrial renewal

Earlier slowdown in industrial growth: Demonetisation: The November 2016 demonetisation had a major impact on industrial activity. For example, growth in the IIP was a relatively robust 5% in November 2016, but slowed to 1.2% by February 2017. Activity resumed thereafter, but was hit again by the prospect of the Goods and Services Tax and … Continue reading The lowdown on industrial renewal

With the passage of The Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Bill, 2016, transgender people will have a better chance at being integrated into mainstream leading to greater inclusiveness. Critically comment. Approach

With the passage of The Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Bill, 2016, transgender people will have a better chance at being integrated into mainstream leading to greater inclusiveness. Critically comment. Approach • Introduce with the discrimination faced by transgenders • Highlight the key provisions of the Transgender Bill • Comment on how the provisions fall … Continue reading With the passage of The Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Bill, 2016, transgender people will have a better chance at being integrated into mainstream leading to greater inclusiveness. Critically comment. Approach

The distinction between plan and non-plan expenditure in budget had created schools without teachers and hospitals without doctors. In the light of this statement, discuss major issues pertaining to plan and non-plan distinction. Approach

The distinction between plan and non-plan expenditure in budget had created schools without teachers and hospitals without doctors. In the light of this statement, discuss major issues pertaining to plan and non-plan distinction. Approach Introduce with the abolition of the plan and non-plan classification Highlight the major issues like focus on plan expenditure, excessive union … Continue reading The distinction between plan and non-plan expenditure in budget had created schools without teachers and hospitals without doctors. In the light of this statement, discuss major issues pertaining to plan and non-plan distinction. Approach

Discuss the advantages and risks of crypto-currencies like the Bitcoin.

Discuss the advantages and risks of crypto-currencies like the Bitcoin. Approach Introduce with the concept of cryptocurrency Discuss its advantages Highlight the risks Conclude with the government's position that they have been outlawed Cryptocurrency is an electronic or digital currency that works on a peer-to-peer basis without the need for a trusted third party such … Continue reading Discuss the advantages and risks of crypto-currencies like the Bitcoin.

Everything about Cauvery Verdict

• A three-judge Bench, led by Chief Justice of India, gave verdict on Cauvery river water dispute. CWDT's verdict: • The Cauvery Water Disputes Tribunal (CWDT) verdict in 2007: Of the 740 thousand million cubic feet (TMC) of water available for utilisation, • 419 TMC was awarded to Tamil Nadu, • 270 TMC to Karnataka, • … Continue reading Everything about Cauvery Verdict

Everything about Chandrayaan-2

• Chandrayaan-2, the lunar mission, will be launched in April this year. • Under this mission ISRO for the first time will attempt to land a rover on the Moon's south pole. • In Chandrayaan-1 mission, ISRO has spotted water on the moon. • Chandrayaan-2 is a further extension of the project as it also involves … Continue reading Everything about Chandrayaan-2