Headline : Prelims Program: India’s access to important ports abroad
India’s access to important ports abroad
Sabang port, Indonesia
- India is developing its maiden deep-sea port in Indonesia’s Sabang.
- The port is close to Andaman and Nicobar Islands making its maiden foray in the southeast Asian.
- Its position at the mouth of Malacca Strait, which is the main shipping lane between Indian Ocean and Pacific Ocean and one of the busiest sea routes.
- The deep sea port (deep enough for submarines too) will help counter China’s rising maritime influence in the region.
Duqm port, Oman:
- In 2018, India gained military access to the port on Oman’s southern coast.
- Duqm, on the northwestern edge of Indian Ocean, provides easy access to Red Sea.
- Duqm gives Indian Navy a logistics multiplier as it seeks to counter China’s presence in Djibouti.
Chabahar port, Iran:
- The Chabahar port of Iran is easily accessible from India’s western coast and is increasingly seen as a counter to Pakistan’s Gwadar port.
- The Chabahar port is being considered as a gateway to golden opportunities for trade by India, Iran, and Afghanistan with central Asian countries.
- The Chabahar port is also seen as a feeder port to the International North-South Transport Corridor (INSTC) that has sea, rail and road routes between India, Russia, Iran, Europe, and Central Asia.
Assumption island, Seychelles:
- The Assumption island’s location is strategically important for monitoring shipping in the Mozambique Channel, which sees significant international trade.
- Once ready, the naval base will help India secure its merchant ships, be a resource for other shipping nations, and help combat China’s increasing influence in the Indian Ocean.
- It will help India exercise greater control over the Indian Ocean’s western region all the way to the piracy-prone eastern African coastline.