Headline : The Apprentice: Govt’s job trump card
- According to the recent data, over 9.25 lakh students from 1,533 non-technical universities/colleges have applied for first-of-its kind apprenticeship programme for non-technical graduates, called Scheme for Higher Education Youth for Apprenticeship and Skills (Shreyas).
About Scheme for Higher Education Youth for Apprenticeship and Skills (SHREYAS)
- The Shreyas programme has been conceived for students enrolled in non-technical degree courses, with the objective of introducing employable skills into their learning, promote apprenticeship as integral to education, and also amalgamate employment facilitating efforts of the government into the education system.
- It was launched in February 2019 and is proposed to cover 50 lakh students by 2022.
Significance for students
- It would equip students with professionally relevant skills.
- Boost their employability and thereby contributing immensely to their self confidence,
- It would improve the overall human resources in the country
- To improve employability of students by introducing employment relevance into the learning process of the higher education system
- To forge a close functional link between education and industry/service sectors on a sustainable basis
- To provide skills which are in demand, to the students in a dynamic manner
- To establish an ‘earn while you learn’ system into higher education
- To help business/industry in securing good quality manpower
- To link student community with employment facilitating efforts of the Government
Ministries Involved: It is an initiative of three central ministries:
- The HRD ministry
- The Ministry of skill development and entrepreneurship
- The Ministry of labour and employment
Operation of the Scheme
- The primary scheme will be operated in conjunction with National Apprenticeship Promotion Scheme (NAPS) which provides for placing of apprentices upto 10% of the total work force in every business/industry.
- The scheme will be implemented by the Sector Skill Councils (SSCs), which will match the demand with the opportunities available and come up with opportunities for registered candidates and place the students across sectors for their apprenticeships
- Under the NAPS scheme, Central Government shares 25% of the stipend per month subject to a maximum of Rs.1500 per month during the period of the apprenticeship.
- Apart from that, an amount upto Rs.7500 will be met towards basic training cost, where needed.
Role of the Institutions:
- The higher education institutions would explain the scheme along with various options to the students who are in the final year, and elicit their interest in participation.
- After collecting interest from various students, the institution would register on the SHREYAS portal, duly indicating the skill job roles along with likely number of students in each role.
Role of Sector Skill Councils (SSCs):
- SSCs would identify industries for apprenticeship, and would also conduct assessment leading to certification.
- Whereas the certification is not a guarantee for placement, it is expected to vastly enhance his choice of securing employment either in the same enterprise or any other enterprises in that sector.
Role of Ministry of Skill development and entrepreneurship(MSDE):
- MSDE operates the National Apprenticeship Promotion Scheme (NAPS) programme through National Skill Development Council.
- They would monitor the programme, progress of the apprentices, and would finance the programme by disbursing the claims from the business enterprises towards stipend reimbursement as per the NAPS.
Note: The entire programme would progress with dynamic interface & information sharing between MHRD and MoSDE.