The Left Wing Extremism poses the biggest internal security threat to India. What are the factors responsible for the rise of the left-wing extremism in India?

The Left Wing Extremism poses the biggest internal security threat to India. What are the factors responsible for the rise of the left-wing extremism in India?

Approach:

  • Briefly, introduce with the threat posed by the LWE.
  • Discuss the factors responsible for the rise of the left-wing extremism in India.
  • Conclude with a brief way forward.
Model Answer :

The Left Wing Extremism which erupted in the late 1960s, poses a grave internal security threat to India. From using the tools used by farmers as weapons for violence to using sophisticated weapons like improvised explosive devices, the movement has come a long way in its war upon the state. Growth and development in LWE affected states like Chattisgarh and Jharkhand have taken a backseat and the violence continues to take innocent lives.

The causes of rise of LWE in India are as follows:

Jal-Jangal-Jameen: The tribals share a deep relationship with nature, and the forests are their home & source of livelihood. Enactment of modern legislations and government rules, curtailment of land rights, land acquisition without appropriate rehabilitation etc.. curtailed their traditional rights. The feeling of despair and deprivation among tribals made them vulnerable to recruitment by left-wing extremists.

Governance Deficit: The regions where good governance was lacking and the genuine grievances of people were overlooked, the left wing extremist was able to exert their influence and gradually took control of the law and order in these areas. Corruption, ill-equipped public officials and weak local governance further aggravated this problem.

Economic Reasons: Poverty and underdevelopment coupled with lack of education and employment fuelled the feeling of hopelessness and desperation among the people. Young people were easily attracted towards the extremist ideology and resorted to violent means. To sustain the movement, the vested interests in the LWE movement deliberately create hurdles in states’ attempts to ensure development in the affected areas.

Social Causes: Social fragmentation, marginalisation, the abuse of their dignity and discontent with the government alienated the downtrodden in the society from mainstream and the LWE lured them by giving false hope for improving their social status.

Political Issues: The suppression of political and civil rights of poor by the powerful and rich people in the society fuelled the sense of discontent and in retaliation, some took up arms against their suppressors.

The fight against LWE needs to be won along with ensuring rehabilitation of its cadre. Eradication of the LWE requires the use of force and ensuring development in the affected area at the same time, and the governments at both the centre and state will have to work in synchronization to achieve this.

Subjects : Security Issues

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