Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises in India are not progressing satisfactorily due to various challenges. In this context, discuss the various challenges and opportunities of MSME sector.

Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises in India are not progressing satisfactorily due to various challenges. In this context, discuss the various challenges and opportunities of MSME sector. Approach Introduce with significance of MSMEs Highlight the challenges faced by the sector Highlight the opportunities Conclude appropriately Model Answer : Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) play a vital role for … Continue reading Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises in India are not progressing satisfactorily due to various challenges. In this context, discuss the various challenges and opportunities of MSME sector.

Despite its inherent strength, the handicrafts sector in India suffers from various weaknesses due to which it is not able to realize its full potential. Discuss. (150 words)

Despite its inherent strength, the handicrafts sector in India suffers from various weaknesses due to which it is not able to realize its full potential. Discuss. (150 words) Approach Introduce with the handicrafts sector. Discuss the strength of the sector. Highlight the weaknesses the industry is suffering from. Conclude appropriately. Model Answer : The Indian … Continue reading Despite its inherent strength, the handicrafts sector in India suffers from various weaknesses due to which it is not able to realize its full potential. Discuss. (150 words)

The Naga insurgency has been a major threat to India’s security and integrity and can destabilize multiple states in north-eastern India. Elaborate. Also discuss various measures taken by the governments in handling the issue.

  Approach: Introduce the issue of Naga insurgency. Explain its impact on security of India as well as that in northeastern states. Provide measures undertaken by Government especially Naga peace accord. Conclude appropriately. Model Answer : Ever since Indian Independence, the Naga Insurgency has taken many forms, including the demands for secessionism to wanton violence. … Continue reading The Naga insurgency has been a major threat to India’s security and integrity and can destabilize multiple states in north-eastern India. Elaborate. Also discuss various measures taken by the governments in handling the issue.

Everything about Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C

Headline : Hepatitis B and C major killers, but few know it Details : In News: On the World Hepatitis Day, the Union health minister pledged to join a campaign initiated by the Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences (ILBS) to create awareness about the disease. Context of the topic: In India, more people are dying … Continue reading Everything about Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C

Nelson Mandela found motivation in his struggle for freedom from oppression in Mahatma Gandhi?

Nelson Mandela found motivation in his struggle for freedom from oppression in Mahatma Gandhi? Approach: Briefly explain about Nelson Mandela Throw light on the factors and values which deeply impacted Mandela and his struggle Conclude Appropriately Model Answer : I could never reach the standard of morality, simplicity and love for the poor set by … Continue reading Nelson Mandela found motivation in his struggle for freedom from oppression in Mahatma Gandhi?

What is the rationale behind the special arrangement for administration of tribal areas under Sixth Schedule of the Constitution? In this respect also enumerate the key features of administration of tribal areas.

What is the rationale behind the special arrangement for administration of tribal areas under Sixth Schedule of the Constitution? In this respect also enumerate the key features of administration of tribal areas. Approach Introduce the Sixth Schedule of the Constitution Explain the rationale behind special arrangement Enumerate the key features of administration of tribal areas … Continue reading What is the rationale behind the special arrangement for administration of tribal areas under Sixth Schedule of the Constitution? In this respect also enumerate the key features of administration of tribal areas.

Trace the journey of working class movement in India since the advent of modern industries. How did this disparate group emerge as an organized class in late 1920s onwards?

Trace the journey of working class movement in India since the advent of modern industries. How did this disparate group emerge as an organized class in late 1920s onwards? Approach Introduce the advent of working class. Trace the development of all India class consciousness in various phases. Conclude appropriately. Model Answer : The modern worker makes his … Continue reading Trace the journey of working class movement in India since the advent of modern industries. How did this disparate group emerge as an organized class in late 1920s onwards?

Khadi was launched as a political weapon of nationalism during the freedom struggle. However, relevance of Khadi is not lost even in post-independent India. Discuss. 

Khadi was launched as a political weapon of nationalism during the freedom struggle. However, relevance of Khadi is not lost even in post-independent India. Discuss.  Approach Introduce with Khadi as a symbol of nationalism Highlight the relevance of Khadi today Briefly discuss the measures being taken to support this sector Conclude appropriately Model Answer : … Continue reading Khadi was launched as a political weapon of nationalism during the freedom struggle. However, relevance of Khadi is not lost even in post-independent India. Discuss. 

What do you understand by Bioprospecting? What are the main benefits and challenges associated with bioprospecting?

  Approach Introduce with explaining the concept of bioprospecting. Explain the benefits associated with bioprospecting. Explain the challenges associated with bioprospecting. Conclude appropriately. Model Answer : Biodiversity prospecting or bioprospecting is the systematic search for biochemical and genetic information in nature in order to develop commercially valuable products for pharmaceutical, agricultural, cosmetic and other applications. … Continue reading What do you understand by Bioprospecting? What are the main benefits and challenges associated with bioprospecting?

What do you understand by the term “Big Data”? Suggest ways in which government can use big data to improve service delivery?

What do you understand by the term "Big Data"? Suggest ways in which government can use big data to improve service delivery? Approach Introduce with the concept of big data Explain how big data can help improve service delivery in tax administration, health services etc. Conclude Appropriately. Model Answer : Big Data is data whose … Continue reading What do you understand by the term “Big Data”? Suggest ways in which government can use big data to improve service delivery?

 Micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) play a significant role in inclusive growth of Indian economy. Comment.

 Micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) play a significant role in inclusive growth of Indian economy. Comment. Approach: • Introduce with the important role of MSMEs in the growth of Indian economy • Explain how MSMEs play an important role in inclusive growth in India • Conclude appropriately Model Answer : Micro, small and medium … Continue reading  Micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) play a significant role in inclusive growth of Indian economy. Comment.

Discuss the applications of biotechnology in the agriculture and allied sectors.

Discuss the applications of biotechnology in the agriculture and allied sectors. Approach Introduce by mentioning the need for biotechnology in agriculture and allied sectors Explain how biotechnology can be used in agriculture and allied sectors. Conclude appropriately. Model Answer : Agriculture along with its allied sectors is the largest source of livelihood in India. Biotechnology … Continue reading Discuss the applications of biotechnology in the agriculture and allied sectors.

What do you mean by social accountability? Explain the key steps for enabling a social accountability process mechanism.

What do you mean by social accountability? Explain the key steps for enabling a social accountability process mechanism. Approach Define social accountability in the introduction. Then, discuss various steps required to ensure social accountability. Conclude appropriately Model Answer : Social accountability (SA) is an approach to governance that involves citizens and civil society organizations in … Continue reading What do you mean by social accountability? Explain the key steps for enabling a social accountability process mechanism.

Peasant struggles in India have a continuous history since 1930s. Discuss the reasons why agrarian movements in India have not led to agrarian reforms.

Peasant struggles in India have a continuous history since 1930s. Discuss the reasons why agrarian movements in India have not led to agrarian reforms. Approach Introduce with peasant struggles pre-Independence Discuss why their struggle achieved little Highlight some post-independence agrarian reforms and give reasons for their limited success Conclude appropriately Model Answer : Several agrarian … Continue reading Peasant struggles in India have a continuous history since 1930s. Discuss the reasons why agrarian movements in India have not led to agrarian reforms.

Saint Kabir was a major driving force behind the Bhakti Movement. Throw light upon the teachings and philosophy of Saint Kabir.

Saint Kabir was a major driving force behind the Bhakti Movement. Throw light upon the teachings and philosophy of Saint Kabir. Approach Introduce the life of Saint Kabir Discuss his teachings and philosophy Conclude appropriately Model Answer : Saint Kabirdas was a major driving force behind the Bhakti movement in the fifteenth century. Majority of … Continue reading Saint Kabir was a major driving force behind the Bhakti Movement. Throw light upon the teachings and philosophy of Saint Kabir.

Discuss the opportunities in the key segments of food processing sector in India.

Discuss the opportunities in the key segments of food processing sector in India. Approach • Introduce food processing industry as a sunrise sector • Discuss the opportunities under key segments of food processing sector like Fisheries, fruit and vegetables, Milk, etc. • Conclude Appropriately. Model Answer : The Indian food processing industry contributes 1.49% to … Continue reading Discuss the opportunities in the key segments of food processing sector in India.

India’s poor export infrastructure remains a major limitation on its export competitiveness. Discuss. Enumerate some of the steps the government of India is taking to improve our export infrastructure.

Approach Introduce with the need for export competitiveness List shortcomings in export infrastructure What steps were taken to improve export infrastructure Conclude appropriately Model Answer : Over the last 25 years since India’s liberalisation, its foreign trade has expanded multifold. But India's share in World Merchandise Exports over the last few years remained at around 1.7%. … Continue reading India’s poor export infrastructure remains a major limitation on its export competitiveness. Discuss. Enumerate some of the steps the government of India is taking to improve our export infrastructure.

Discuss the role of Indian Coast Guard to deal with the contemporary maritime challenges.

Discuss the role of Indian Coast Guard to deal with the contemporary maritime challenges. Approach Give a brief introduction about Indian Coast Guard. Discuss the various maritime challenges. Then, explain the role of Coast Guard to deal with challenges. Conclude with suggestions. Model Answer : The Indian Coast Guard is a multi-mission organization, conducting round-the-year … Continue reading Discuss the role of Indian Coast Guard to deal with the contemporary maritime challenges.

In this age of capitalism and globalization, consumer awareness is important in order for consumers to protect themselves from the profit-oriented businesses. Discuss.

  Approach: Introduce with the nature of marketing today Highlight the need for consumer awareness Conclude appropriately Model Answer : Due to open competition in the modern era, consumer-oriented market has slowly given space to an era of marketization which excessively rely on advertisement, offers etc. to attract consumers. This has necessitated the need to … Continue reading In this age of capitalism and globalization, consumer awareness is important in order for consumers to protect themselves from the profit-oriented businesses. Discuss.

The FDI policy is being continuously revised to promote both the Greenfield and Brownfield investments but they are treated differently. Discuss along with the recent steps taken by government to boost foreign investment in India.

  Approach Introduce with Greenfield and Brownfield investments Briefly discuss how the policy differs slightly Then discuss steps taken to promote foreign investment Conclude appropriately Model Answer : Greenfield investment is the investment in new plants or investment in which a parent company or government begins a new venture by constructing new facilities, while Brownfield … Continue reading The FDI policy is being continuously revised to promote both the Greenfield and Brownfield investments but they are treated differently. Discuss along with the recent steps taken by government to boost foreign investment in India.

Explain good governance and ethical governance with suitable examples.

Explain good governance and ethical governance with suitable examples. Approach: Define good governance and give its various parameters. Discuss about ethical governance. Then explain with example, how these two are related. Conclude appropriately. Model Answer : Good governance is an attempt to widen the scope of public administration by going beyond formal government. It was propagated … Continue reading Explain good governance and ethical governance with suitable examples.

Discuss the salient features of the Sufi Movement in medieval India.

 Discuss the salient features of the Sufi Movement in medieval India. Approach Introduce the Sufi Movement Discuss salient features of the Sufi movement Conclude appropriately Model Answer : Sufism or ‘Tasawwuf’ in the Islamic texts, is the quest for the divine within man. Sufis turned to asceticism and mysticism in protest against the growing materialism of … Continue reading Discuss the salient features of the Sufi Movement in medieval India.

The recent government initiative SAMPADA is a comprehensive package of old and new schemes to boost the food processing sector in India. Discuss the various schemes brought under the umbrella of SAMPADA.

The recent government initiative SAMPADA is a comprehensive package of old and new schemes to boost the food processing sector in India. Discuss the various schemes brought under the umbrella of SAMPADA. Introduce SAMPADA scheme briefly. One by one discuss the seven schemes present within the umbrella of the SAMPADA. Conclude Appropriately. Model Answer : … Continue reading The recent government initiative SAMPADA is a comprehensive package of old and new schemes to boost the food processing sector in India. Discuss the various schemes brought under the umbrella of SAMPADA.

The concept of “port led development” is central to the Sagarmala vision.” What is Sagarmala initiative and how can it help in achieving the aim of port led development.

  Approach: Introduce with India's potential for port-led development Explain Sagarmala initiative with its components Explain how it will help in port led development Conclude appropriately Model Answer : India is richly endowed with natural maritime advantages, a strategic location for key international trade routes, and navigable and potentially navigable waterways. There is great potential … Continue reading The concept of “port led development” is central to the Sagarmala vision.” What is Sagarmala initiative and how can it help in achieving the aim of port led development.

What are the key issues associated with India-Bangladesh border? Discuss the steps taken by government of India to address those issues.

What are the key issues associated with India-Bangladesh border? Discuss the steps taken by government of India to address those issues. Approach Briefly introduce with India-Bangladesh border. Explain the issues with India-Bangladesh border. Then discuss steps taken by Government to address the issues. Conclude appropriately. Model Answer : The India-Bangladesh border is India's longest international … Continue reading What are the key issues associated with India-Bangladesh border? Discuss the steps taken by government of India to address those issues.

Discuss the factors responsible for the imperialist control of African countries by European countries.

Discuss the factors responsible for the imperialist control of African countries by European countries. Approach Start with the condition of Africa before imperialism. Then, discuss factors responsible for imperialism in Africa. Conclude appropriately. Model Answer : The interior of Africa was almost unknown to the Europeans till the middle of the 19th century. But it … Continue reading Discuss the factors responsible for the imperialist control of African countries by European countries.

The consumer protection legislation in India has so far not been able to effectively protect the consumer interests and redress their grievances. Discuss.

The consumer protection legislation in India has so far not been able to effectively protect the consumer interests and redress their grievances. Discuss. Approach: Introduce with The Consumer Protection Act, 1986 Enumerate the reasons why it hasn't been very effective Conclude appropriately Model Answer : The Consumer Protection Act, 1986 provides for a three-tier structure for consumer disputes … Continue reading The consumer protection legislation in India has so far not been able to effectively protect the consumer interests and redress their grievances. Discuss.

Many developments, which have altered the market dynamic significantly both from a retail and a technological perspective, were not envisaged in the Consumer Protection Act 1986. Hence, there is an urgent need to revise existing regulations and formulate a restructured mechanism that can be aligned with the modern nature of markets. Comment.

  Approach: Introduce with CP Act and the changing landscape Highlight the issues with the current mechanism that needs changing Conclude appropriately Model Answer : The Consumer Protection Act 1986 was enacted to safeguard the interests of consumers, and it has been effective to some degree. However, the Act had come into force at a … Continue reading Many developments, which have altered the market dynamic significantly both from a retail and a technological perspective, were not envisaged in the Consumer Protection Act 1986. Hence, there is an urgent need to revise existing regulations and formulate a restructured mechanism that can be aligned with the modern nature of markets. Comment.

What do you understand by Emotional Quotient(EQ)? Discuss the importance of EQ in the Workplace.

What do you understand by Emotional Quotient(EQ)? Discuss the importance of EQ in the Workplace. Approach Define EQ. Point out areas of workplace where EQ is useful Conclude accordingly Model Answer : Emotional Quotient (EQ) is the measurement of one's ability to manage one's and others' emotions effectively. After the concept of Emotional Intelligence was … Continue reading What do you understand by Emotional Quotient(EQ)? Discuss the importance of EQ in the Workplace.

The Consumer Protection Bill, 2017 seeks to enlarge the scope of the existing law and make it more effective and purposeful. Discuss the key features of the new Bill and highlight any shortcomings.

  Approach: Introduce with the new Bill and how it is in line with the present day's requirements Discuss the key features of the Bill like the new Authority, provisions on Ads etc. Suggest some shortcoming like establishing liability, provisions on services etc. Conclude appropriately Model Answer : The Consumer Protection Bill, 2017 seeks to replace … Continue reading The Consumer Protection Bill, 2017 seeks to enlarge the scope of the existing law and make it more effective and purposeful. Discuss the key features of the new Bill and highlight any shortcomings.

Information Technology can play an important role in transforming agriculture by providing information to the farmers to make informed decisions. Discuss.

Information Technology can play an important role in transforming agriculture by providing information to the farmers to make informed decisions. Discuss. Approach Introduce with the need to integrate technology in agriculture Explain how IT can help farmer through information dissemination Conclude with NeGP-A that seeks to transform the availability of information to farmers Model Answer : To meet the growing … Continue reading Information Technology can play an important role in transforming agriculture by providing information to the farmers to make informed decisions. Discuss.

Public private partnership is a key model of infrastructure development in India today but there is a need to mature it to deliver infrastructure projects better and faster. Discuss in light of the Kelkar Committee’s recommendations.

Approach Give a brief introduction about PPP Highlight the various shortcomings in PPP Discuss the important recommendation of Kelkar committee Conclude appropriately. Model Answer : Public private partnership (PPP) is a long-term contract between a private party and a government entity, for providing a public asset or service, in which the private party bears significant … Continue reading Public private partnership is a key model of infrastructure development in India today but there is a need to mature it to deliver infrastructure projects better and faster. Discuss in light of the Kelkar Committee’s recommendations.

Rabindranath Tagore was a believer in universal humanism and internationalism.

Rabindranath Tagore was a believer in universal humanism and internationalism. Elaborate. Approach: Briefly Introduce with Tagore Discuss the concept of humanism and Tagore as Humanist Discuss his notion of internationalism Conclude Appropriately Model Answer : Rabindranath Tagore is the versatile personality of Indian literary scholarship, and is considered as the Rishi, the Gurudev and the Maharshi. He … Continue reading Rabindranath Tagore was a believer in universal humanism and internationalism.

Explain the Monroe doctrine, dollar diplomacy and big stick policy with reference to imperialism in South America.

Explain the Monroe doctrine, dollar diplomacy and big stick policy with reference to imperialism in South America. Approach Give a brief introduction about imperialism in South America. Explain Monroe doctrine, dollar diplomacy and big stick policy. Conclude appropriately. Model Answer : The United States in the 19th century extended her territories through war with Mexico … Continue reading Explain the Monroe doctrine, dollar diplomacy and big stick policy with reference to imperialism in South America.

MEDIA IN FOREIGN POLICY MAKING

MEDIA IN FOREIGN POLICY MAKING The Media have a direct and fundamental effect on almost every aspect of the lives of people. This is especially so for the entire spectrum of the political process. There is a vital difference in a way media work relative to domestic and foreign policies. India’s lively and well – … Continue reading MEDIA IN FOREIGN POLICY MAKING

India has one of the most progressive disability policy frameworks in the developing world. However, there remain huge challenges in bringing the differently abled population into the mainstream. Discuss.

India has one of the most progressive disability policy frameworks in the developing world. However, there remain huge challenges in bringing the differently abled population into the mainstream. Discuss. Approach Introduce with how India has a progressive policy for people with disabilities Highlight the challenges they face like stigma, improper enumeration etc. Briefly suggest steps … Continue reading India has one of the most progressive disability policy frameworks in the developing world. However, there remain huge challenges in bringing the differently abled population into the mainstream. Discuss.

Emotional Intelligence is the unique intersection of the heart and head, which is very important in the current working environment of civil servants. Explain.

Emotional Intelligence is the unique intersection of the heart and head, which is very important in the current working environment of civil servants. Explain. Approach Introduce EI as the unique intersection of the heart and head. Discuss the factors due to which EI is very important in the current working environment of civil servants Conclude … Continue reading Emotional Intelligence is the unique intersection of the heart and head, which is very important in the current working environment of civil servants. Explain.