Economic ties are one of the biggest positive drivers of India-China relationship but the high imbalance of trade in favour of China remains a matter of concern. Discuss along with measures to reduce trade deficit for India. (15 marks) Approach: Introduce with India-China relationshipMake a note on facts about trade imbalanceExplain the reasons for trade deficitSuggest measures … Continue reading Economic ties are one of the biggest positive drivers of India-China relationship but the high imbalance of trade in favour of China remains a matter of concern. Discuss along with measures to reduce trade deficit for India. (15 marks)
Four discovered species of Balsam Impatiens Haridasanii It was found from Pongchan. It was named after Haridasan (a former scientist at State Forest Research Institute, Arunachal Pradesh). The species is characterised by small pure yellow flowers and hairy leaves. Impatiens pseudocitrina It was discovered from Anjaw district. It has bright yellow flowers with small red … Continue reading Balsam: Four discovered species of Balsam
Headline : Taliban council agrees to cease-fire in Afghanistan Details : In News: The Taliban has agreed to a temporary ceasefire. It now provides a window during which a peace agreement with the U.S. could be signed. Background U.S-Taliban talks over a peace deal Ending the 18-year long conflict has been considered too costly. Thus the … Continue reading Taliban council agrees to cease-fire in Afghanistan
Type of plastic bags The types of plastic bags used were: Conventional Degradable Biodegradable They had no effect on the rate of ingestion. However, the presence of a biofilm led to the shredding which took place around four times quickly. Results Through monitoring in the laboratory and on the shoreline, researchers demonstrated that the … Continue reading Marine Plastic
Headline : Article 324 and role of Election Commission India What is Article 324? Article 324 of the Indian Constitution vests the power of “superintendence, direction and control” of elections to the Election Commission of India. Functions of Election Commission The Election Commission of India is the custodian of free and fair elections. It regulates political … Continue reading Article 324 and role of Election Commission India
Headline : Tamil Nadu tops good governance index Details : In News The Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions has recently launched the Good Governance Index (GGI). The index has been scientifically designed to reflect various parameters of governance. At present, there is no uniform index to objectively assess the state of good governance in the states. … Continue reading Tamil Nadu tops good governance index
Polluter Pays Principle According to this principle, those who pollute the environment must be made to pay not just for the costs of remedial action, but also for compensating victims of environmental damage. This principle is now almost universally acknowledged in environmental jurisprudence. Some trace the Polluter Pays Principle’s origin to the Stockholm Declaration made … Continue reading Polluter Pays Principle
Introduce the question by mentioning facts from census data and briefly discuss the factors responsible for high population growth in IndiaMention various effects of the rapid population growth in IndiaDiscuss the steps taken to control population growthConclude appropriately Model Answer :India is one of the most densely populated countries of the world. It has to … Continue reading The already large population in India as well as the high population growth rate necessitates speedy achievement of demographic transition from high birth rate to low birth rate. Comment.Approach:
International Solar Alliance It is a common platform for cooperation among sun-rich countries lying fully or partially between the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn. These countries seek to massively ramp up solar energy, thereby helping to reduce global greenhouse emissions while providing clean and cheap energy. The initiative was launched at the UN Climate Change … Continue reading International Solar Alliance
About National Curriculum Framework (NCF) NCF provides the framework for creation of the school syllabi and the writing of textbooks, while giving guidelines on teaching practices in India. It addresses four issues: Educational purpose Educational experience Organization of experience Assessing learner NCF is only suggestive and provides guidelines on different aspects of education. All the … Continue reading About National Curriculum Framework (NCF)
Great White Pelican It is a bird in the pelican family. It is also known as the eastern white pelican, rosy pelican or white pelican. Geographic distribution It is mainly found in southeastern Europe, Asia and Africa. Behaviour Northern populations of this species are fully migratory and travel via important stop-over sites. Other … Continue reading Great White Pelican
General information about the laws related to Sedition, Defamation and AFSPA The Sedition law Section 124A in the Indian Penal Code defines sedition as follows- “Whoever, by words, either spoken or written, or by signs, or by visible representation, or otherwise, brings or attempts to bring into hatred or contempt, or excites or attempts to … Continue reading General information about the laws related to Sedition, Defamation and AFSPA
About Nayachar Island There are around 104 islands which are created in the Indian Sunderbans by river silt deposits. These islands are both habited and uninhabited, and are distributed in West Bengal’s South 24 Parganas and North 24 Parganas districts. Nayachar, a newly emerged island in the middle estuary of the Hooghly River, remained largely submerged, … Continue reading About Nayachar Island
Headline : What happens when judges face allegations? Details : The News The Supreme Court committee appointed for looking into the allegations of sexual harassment made by a former SC employee against the Chief Justice of India will begin its inquiry on 26th April, 2019. Background of the case A former employee of Supreme Court made allegations … Continue reading What happens when judges face allegations?
Cyclone development: Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea Cyclones are known to originate in both the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea sides of the northern Indian Ocean but the Bay of Bengal side witnesses four times more cyclones than the Arabian Sea side on average. Following are reasons: The relatively colder waters of the … Continue reading Cyclone
Cabinet Committees: Cabinet committees are extra-constitutional bodies set up by the Prime Minister of India as per the requirement. Cabinet committee on Security (CCS): It is one of the most high profile committees of the Parliament.It takes all the major decisions on matters of national security and India’s defense expenditure.It presently consists of the following … Continue reading Cabinet Committees
Socio Economic Caste Census (SECC) 2011: The Ministry of Rural Development commenced the Socio Economic and Caste Census (SECC) in June 2011 through a comprehensive door to door enumeration across the country.It is the first paperless census in India conducted on hand-held electronic devices by the government in 640 districts.It has generated information on a … Continue reading Socio Economic Caste Census (SECC) 2011
SMOG The word "smog" is an amalgam of the words "smoke" and "fog." Smog is produced by a set of complex photochemical reactions involving volatile organic compounds (VOCs), nitrogen oxides and sunlight. Ground-level ozone is the main constituent of smog. Ozone can be beneficial or harmful, depending on its location. Ozone in the stratosphere acts … Continue reading SMOG
The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has released the report at UN climate talks in Bonn, Germany. According to the report, the number of UNESCO natural sites at risk has grown to 62 from 35 in 2014. Among the ecosystems most threatened by global warming are coral reefs which bleach as oceans heat … Continue reading Coral and Coral reef
Difference between Money Bill and Finance Bill Money Bill: Article 110 of Constitution of India deals with Definition of Money Bill. A Bill is said to be a Money Bill if it only contains provisions related to taxation, borrowing of money by the government, expenditure from or receipt to the Consolidated Fund of India. Bills … Continue reading Difference between Money Bill and Finance Bill
Headline : Explained: What is the Assam Accord that is fueling protests in the state Details : In News The debate on the Citizenship Amendment Bill (CAB) passed by Parliament has repeatedly flagged the alleged violation of the Assam Accord by the new law. There is deep anxiety among people that with the CAB giving easy citizenship … Continue reading Explained: What is the Assam Accord that is fueling protests in the state
Headline : Demystifying Science: What is the Pacific shadow-zone? Background From the Carbon-14 dating, it was already known that the most ancient water lies in the deep North Pacific. But until now the struggle was to understand why the very oldest waters huddle around the depth of 2km. But now the researchers have found out that … Continue reading Demystifying Science: What is the Pacific shadow-zone?
About Assam Rifles Pre-Independence Role The Assam Rifles raised as Catchar Levy in 1835 is the oldest Central Para Military Force in India. The force was formed to primarily protect British tea estates and their settlements against tribal raids. Subsequently, all these forces were reorganised and renamed as the 'Frontier Force' as their role was … Continue reading About Assam Rifles
Headline : The WTO’s dispute settlements mechanism is all but dead Details : In News: The World Trade Organization’s (WTO’s) dispute settlement mechanism is on the brink of collapsing. About: World Trade Organisation (WTO) In 1948, the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) came in as an ad hoc and provisional mechanism to enable … Continue reading The WTO’s dispute settlements mechanism is all but dead
Krishna Wildlife Sanctuary It is a wildlife sanctuary located in Andhra Pradesh. It falls in Krishna and Guntur districts. With an area of 194.8 km, it lies between the Bay of Bengal and the Krishna river. It is one of the rarest eco-regions in the world because it harbours vast tracts of pristine mangrove forest. … Continue reading Fishing Cat
About Collegium system • Collegiums system in India is the system by which the judges are appointed by the judges only, also termedas “Judges- selecting- Judges”. • Collegium system is used for appointments and transfers of judges in High courts and Supreme Courts. • It is the system of appointment and transfer of judges that has evolved through judgments of the Supreme Court (SC),and not … Continue reading About Collegium system
National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) The Commission The commission was established in 1993 under the Protection of the Human Rights (PHR) Act, 1993, in the backdrop of criticism against gross human rights violations in Kashmir. It either takes suomotu cognisance of cases through media reports or on the basis of complaint filed by a victim or any other person … Continue reading National Human Rights Commission (NHRC)
Global Snow Leopard and Ecosystem Protection Program (GSLEP) It is a world first joint initiative that aims to conserve the endangered snow leopard. It is a wide range effort that unites country governments, nongovernmental and inter-governmental organisations, local communities, and the private sector around a shared vision to conserve snow leopards and their valuable high-mountain … Continue reading About Snow leopard
About anti-defection law: The anti-defection law was added to the Constitution as the Tenth Schedule by the 52nd amendment in 1985. The anti-defection law sought to prevent political defections which may be due to reward of office or other similar considerations. It lays down the process by which legislators may be disqualified on grounds of … Continue reading About anti-defection law:
Headline : Retributive justice Editorial 6th Dec'19 TheHindu Details : Outcry for women's safety after Hyderabad incident: The heinous rape and murder of a veterinarian in Hyderabad in late November shook the collective conscience of India. It resulted in an outcry for justice for the victim and outrage over the persisting lack of safety for women … Continue reading Retributive justice Editorial 6th Dec’19 TheHindu
Headline : Explained: What NHRC, SC have said on encounter killings Details : In News: All four accused in the rape-and-murder of a 25-year-old woman veterinarian in Hyderabad were recently killed in an encounter by the police. While several voices, including senior officials and public figures, have hailed the killing, questions have also been raised over the legality … Continue reading Explained: What NHRC, SC have said on encounter killings
The North Indian Haze The thick haze that has enveloped Delhi and surrounding areas is smog. Smog occurs in a location that is far away from the actual source of pollution. It is a result of various factors: Geography of the place Sunlight Calmness of winds Post-harvest crop burning Firing of brick kilns Pollution emitted … Continue reading The North Indian Haze
Pre-2020 actions The pre-2020 actions refer to existing obligations under the Kyoto Protocol where only rich nations are obliged to take mitigation (emission cut) actions. Though the developed countries had in 2012 agreed to undertake their aggregate emission cuts by at least 18% below the 1990 levels, most of them have not even ratified the … Continue reading Earth Summit
Headline : Model Code of Conduct About Model Code of Conduct The Model Code of Conduct (MCC) is a set of guidelines issued by the Election Commission (EC) to ensure free and fair elections. This is in keeping with Article 324 of the Constitution, which gives the Election Commission the power to supervise elections to the Parliament and … Continue reading Model Code of Conduct
Headline : How Election Commission runs poll machinery? Details : Theme: The article analysis how Election Commission draws manpower for polls, and what disciplinary control it exercises over these officers. Election Commission of India: The Election Commission of India (ECI) is an autonomous constitutional body responsible for administering election processes in India. It was established on January … Continue reading How Election Commission runs poll machinery?
Headline : What a well-aimed fiscal stimulus could do for India Livemint Editorial 4th Dec'19 Livemint Details : Need for fiscal stimulus to revive growth: It is clear by now that India needs a large dose of fiscal stimulus to rev up the engine of growth. Everyone is looking forward to India’s Union Budget that will be … Continue reading What a well-aimed fiscal stimulus could do for India Livemint Editorial 4th Dec’19 Livemint
Headline : Why are parliamentary standing committees necessary? Details : Context of the topic: 11 of the 22 Bills introduced in the ongoing session of Parliament have been passed, which makes it a highly productive session after many years. However, these Bills have been passed without scrutiny by parliamentary standing committees (PSCs). They were only discussed … Continue reading Why are parliamentary standing committees necessary?
Headline : Manufacturing PMI improves Details : In News: The Nikkei India Manufacturing Purchasing Managers’ Index rose in November from October, indicating an increase in manufacturing activity November. About: Purchasing Manager Index (PMI) The Nikkei India Manufacturing PMI is based on data compiled from monthly survey responses by purchasing managers in more than 400 manufacturing companies, on various factors that represent demand conditions. … Continue reading About: Purchasing Manager Index (PMI) and It’s significance
Alfalfa Alfalfa is a flowering plant of the pea family. Aflatoxin is a toxin produced by the fungi Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus. The molds, Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus, infect groundnut, maize, cottonseed and chilly. The molds produce these toxins which suppress the immune system, hinder growth in children and even cause liver cancer. … Continue reading Alfalfa
Headline : World AIDS Day: HIV still a threat, but rate of spread is down Details : Context: Since 1988, December 1 every year is observed as World AIDS day. About: HIV-AIDS Once contracted, Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) has the potential to attack the body’s immune cells called CD4 (which help the body to respond to infection). … Continue reading World AIDS Day: HIV still a threat, but rate of spread is down
Headline : What is the push behind the strategic disinvestment move? Details : In News: In November 2019, the Cabinet Committee of Economic Affairs approved strategic stake sale in five public sector undertakings (PSUs), even giving up management control. It also gave an in-principle approval for the government to reduce stake in certain state-owned companies to below … Continue reading What is the push behind the strategic disinvestment move?
About: Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY) PMMVY is a conditional cash transfer scheme for pregnant and lactating women of 19 years of age or above. It is to meet enhanced nutritional needs and partially compensate for wage loss during childbirth and childcare and to provide conditions for safe delivery and good nutrition and feeding practices. The cash … Continue reading About: Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY)
About: Zonal Councils The Zonal Councils, five in number, were created under the States Reorganization Act, 1956 in wake of reorganization of the States in 1956. It was created with the basic objective to develop the habit of cooperative working among the States, as well as between the Centre and the States. It will also provide … Continue reading About: Zonal Councils
Headline : Transforming farm loans Editorial 1st Dec'19 FinancialExpress Details : Importance of crop loans in India: Crop loan is a lifeline for over 145 million farmers in India. Every year, millions of farmers and thousands of bank branches go through a intense process of granting crop loans delivered through Kisan Credit Cards. Banks disbursed Rs 12.5 … Continue reading Transforming farm loans Editorial 1st Dec’19 FinancialExpress
Simultaneous elections - History & Idea Simultaneous elections were held in 1951-52, 1957, 1962 and 1967. The cycle was disrupted due to premature dissolution of Assemblies and, in 1970, Lok Sabha, too, was dissolved early. The Election Commission had suggested as early as in 1983 that a system should be evolved so that elections to Lok Sabha and … Continue reading Simultaneous elections – History & Idea
Headline : What is the Chagos Islands dispute about? Details : The News: Mauritius has called the UK an “illegal colonial occupier” after it ignored a UN mandated deadline to return the Chagos Islands. Chagos is a small archipelago (group of islands) in the Indian Ocean. About: Chagos Islands The Chagos Islands are a group of … Continue reading What is the Chagos Islands dispute about?
Headline : GDP growth plunges to 4.5%, lowest since 2012 Details : In News Growth in the gross domestic product (GDP) in the July-September quarter hit a 25-quarter low of 4.5%. The previous low was 4.3 per cent during January-March 2012-13. The growth rate has now slowed for the sixth consecutive quarter, declining by 3.6 percentage points during … Continue reading GDP growth plunges to 4.5%, lowest since 2012