Animal diversity of Sundarbans
- Mammalian species- Asian small-clawed Otter, Gangetic Dolphin, Grey and Marsh Mongoose and the wild Rhesus Monkey.
- Bird species- Osprey, Brahminy Kite, White-Bellied Sea Eagle, Rose-ringed parakeets, flycatchers and kingfishers.
- Turtles- Olive Ridley and Hawskbill sea turtles and the River Terrapin.
- Lizards- Monitor Lizards and Geckos.
- Snakes- King cobra, monocled cobra, Russell’s viper, common and banded kraits.
- Butterflies, moths, crustaceans like crabs, shrimp and prawns are also found.
- Anthropogenic pressure and natural threats have led to the shrinking of mangrove swamp habitat, and it has further led to the declining of mammals in Sundarbans.
- For example:- Barking deer and Hog deer and Asiatic Wild Water Buffalo etc are not found in Sundarbans anymore.
- It is a vast forest in the coastal region of the Bay of Bengal.
- The area itself gets its name from the Mangrove trees, Sundari (Heritiera fomes) trees in the region.
- It is located in the delta region of Padma, Meghna and Brahmaputra river basins.
- It is the largest single block of tidal halophytic mangrove forest in the world.
- It covers approximately 10,000 square kilometres of which 60% is in Bangladesh and the remaining in India.
- It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Zoological Survey of India
- It is a premier Indian organisation in zoological research and studies, established in 1916 .
- Its headquarters are at Kolkatta.
- Its objective is to promote the survey, exploration and research of the fauna in the region.
- The activities of the ZSI are coordinated by the Conservation and Survey Division under the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change.
Section : Environment & Ecology