About Green India Mission
- The National Mission for a Green India is one of the 8 Missions under the National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC) introduced in 2010-2011.
- The mission emphasizes the role of afforestation in the context of climate change adaptation and mitigation.
- It aims at addressing climate change by
- Enhancing carbon sinks
- Adaptation of vulnerable species
- Adaptation of forest dependant local communities
Objective of Green India Mission
- Increase the area to be taken up for afforestation in India from 2010-2011 to 2019-2020 by 10 million ha including
- Increase forest cover on 5 mha of forest/non-forest lands.
- Improve quality of forest cover on another 5 mha
- Increase the carbon sequestration by forests 43 million tons CO2 annually by 2020.
Green India Mission Strategy
- Holistic view to afforestation beyond plantations including restoration of eco-systems and habitat diversity.
- Key role for local communities by strengthening Gram Sabha , Joint Forest Management Committees, Van Panchayats etc.
- Robust and effective monitoring framework.
Problems of Green India Mission as per the study
- The targets set in Green India Mission are arbitrary and exported from colonial forestry approaches.
- The afforestation drive is imposed upon unsuitable areas such as arid and semi-arid ecosystems.
- Afforestation in unsuitable areas leads to growth of invasive species threatening the ecology of the place. For instance, the kikar (Prosopis julifloara) on the Delhi Ridge area which became invasive was introduced by the British in 1930s.
- The strategy of afforestation under Green India Mission also represents the encroachment of rights of local populace and extending unimpending authority to forest authorities.
Section : Environment & Ecology