Simply Put: Why a currency war is a worry

Headline : Simply Put: Why a currency war is a worry Details : Context Recently, the RBI Governor warned that trade wars among various countries may lead to a currency war. What is Currency War? Currency war is a situation when economies, in order to maintain and preserve their export competitiveness, manage the exchange rates vis-à-vis … Continue reading Simply Put: Why a currency war is a worry

Pushkaram

Pushkaram: Pushkaram is an Indian festival dedicated to worshiping of rivers. Celebrations/ceremonies include ancestor worship, devotional music and cultural programmes, spiritual discourses. It is also known as Pushkaralu (in Telugu), Pushkara or Pushkar. Hindus believe that taking a dip in the river during Pushkaram would wipe off all the sins. Happens each year at one … Continue reading Pushkaram

How Covid-19 lockdowns have impacted the global energy sector

The International Energy Agency (IEA) has released a report, Global Energy Review 2020, detailing the impact of Covid-19 on global energy demands and CO2 Report Summary: Covid-19 impact on global energy demands: Decline in overall Energy demand:The IEA is forecasting a 6% decline in energy demand for the year.In absolute terms this is the largest on … Continue reading How Covid-19 lockdowns have impacted the global energy sector

About: Locusts

About: Locusts Locusts are a group of short-horned grasshoppers, that are about the length of 6-8 centimeters.According to the FAO, eggs can hatch in about two weeks, with locusts maturing to adulthood in two to four months on average.They multiply in numbers as they migrate long distances in destructive swarms (up to 150 km in one day), which … Continue reading About: Locusts

Whaling

Whaling: Whaling is the hunting of whales for their usable products such as meat and blubber, which can be turned into a type of oil which became increasingly important in the Industrial Revolution. Whaling is the hunting of whales for their usable products such as meat and blubber, which can be turned into a type … Continue reading Whaling

About New English School (NES) and About Deccan Education Society (DES)

About New English School (NES): Establishment: Vishnu Krushna Chiplunkar, who is remembered as the poet of Maharashtra’s nationalist revival for his ornate literary style, quit government service in 1879 and issued a call for the creation of a school run by Indians. Bal Gangadhar ‘Lokmanya’ Tilak, with Mahadev Ballal Namjoshi, volunteered as charter members of the … Continue reading About New English School (NES) and About Deccan Education Society (DES)

The five Ps of disaster management Editorial 26th May’20 HindustanTimes

The five Ps of disaster management Editorial 26th May'20 HindustanTimes Destruction caused by Amphan cyclone: Amphan was the first super-cyclone in the Bay of Bengal after 1999 (ie, wind speeds beyond 220 kph).West Bengal chief minister (CM) even called Amphan “a bigger disaster than Covid-19”.In less than two days, Bengal lost an estimated Rs 1 lakh crore.The … Continue reading The five Ps of disaster management Editorial 26th May’20 HindustanTimes

In brief: Most Trafficked Species

In brief: Most Trafficked Species More than 6,000 turtles and tortoises are smuggled every year through Malaysia, India, or Bangladesh. Indian Star tortoise Most trafficked tortoise High demand as exotic pet Found in abundance in scrub jungles across the southern peninsula Smuggled from Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and Karnataka to Southeast Asia via Chennai Covered under … Continue reading In brief: Most Trafficked Species

What is a World Heritage Site?

Importance What is a World Heritage Site? A World Heritage Site is a place on earth having a special cultural or physical significance and outstanding universal value to the humanity. It may be a building, a city, a complex, a desert, a forest, an island, a lake, a monument, or a mountain. They have been … Continue reading What is a World Heritage Site?

In focus: Impatiens in India

In focus: Impatiens in India Introduction Impatiens is a group of about 1000 angiosperms (flowering plants) species. They are commonly known by different names including balsams, touch me not, jewel weed etc. Distribution Impatiens is distributed in the tropical, sub-tropical and northern temperate regions of the world. It is found mainly in India, China and … Continue reading In focus: Impatiens in India

About Victorian structures and Art Deco Buildings

About Victorian structures and Art Deco Buildings The Victorian buildings are amongst the finest and most cohesive group of 19th century Victorian Gothic in the world. The Art Deco of the 20th century is the second largest and homogenous collections in the world. The eastern edge of the property is defined by Mahatma Gandhi Marg and Shyama … Continue reading About Victorian structures and Art Deco Buildings

About United Nations Security Council (UNSC)

About United Nations Security Council (UNSC) The United Nations Security Council has primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security. It has 15 Members, and each Member has one vote. There are five permanent members: China, France, Russian Federation, the United Kingdom, and the United States, and 10 non-permanent members elected for two-year terms … Continue reading About United Nations Security Council (UNSC)

Flood Hazard Atlas

Floods in Odisha The entire coastal belt of Odisha is vulnerable to both storm surges and river flooding. Also, few districts in the western and southern part of Odisha are prone to flash floods. According to NRSC, about 9% of land in Odisha was affected by floods during 2001-2018. Flood prone rivers of Odisha: Mahanadi, Brahmani, Baitarani, Subarnarekha, Rushikulya, … Continue reading Flood Hazard Atlas

About: Compensatory Afforestation Fund (CAF)

About: Compensatory Afforestation Fund (CAF) A company diverting forest land must provide alternative land to take up compensatory afforestation. The amount to be paid by industry depends on the economic value of the goods and services that the razed forest would have provided. These include timber, bamboo, firewood, carbon sequestration, soil conservation, water recharge, and … Continue reading About: Compensatory Afforestation Fund (CAF)

About United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR)

About United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR) UNDRR was established in 1999 as a dedicated secretariat to facilitate the implementation of the International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (ISDR). Objective: It works towards the substantial reduction of disaster risk and losses to ensure a sustainable future. Mandate: To serve as the focal point in the … Continue reading About United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR)

In Focus: Land Degradation

In Focus: Land Degradation What is Land Degradation? Land Degradation can be termed as the degradation of the quality of land resulting in the reduction of fertility and crop production capacity of the land. Land degradation is driven by both by changes in climate or human activities. Globally, nearly one-third of the total geographical area … Continue reading In Focus: Land Degradation

In focus: Threat to Great Indian Bustard

In focus: Threat to Great Indian Bustard Introduction The Great Indian Bustard in India has witnessed a rapid decline in their numbers from 1500-2000 in the 1980s to barely 150 left currently.   About Great Indian Bustard Introduction The Great Indian Bustard is the flagship grassland species of India. It is one of the largest flying birds in the … Continue reading In focus: Threat to Great Indian Bustard

About: Char Dham Highway Project

About: Char Dham Highway Project The Chardham Mahamarg Vikas Pariyojna, or the Chardham highway project, is an initiative to improve connectivity to the Char Dham pilgrimage centres (Gangotri, Yamunotri, Kedarnath and Badrinath) in the Himalayas. The Prime Minister had launched the construction of the Char Dham Mahamarg in December, 2016, as a tribute to those … Continue reading About: Char Dham Highway Project

Advanced Towed Artillery Gun System (ATAGS)

News Summary: During the firing trial at Pokhran ranges, ATAGS has covered the longest ever distance of 48 kms. It has surpassed the maximum ranges of 35-40 kms fired by any artillery gun system in this category. The record was achieved with special ammunition, “high explosive – base bleed” (HE – BB). The next round … Continue reading Advanced Towed Artillery Gun System (ATAGS)

In Focus: Land Degradation

In Focus: Land Degradation What is Land Degradation? Land Degradation can be termed as the degradation of the quality of land resulting in the reduction of fertility and crop production capacity of the land. Land degradation is driven by both by changes in climate or human activities. Globally, 24 billion tonnes of fertile soil and … Continue reading In Focus: Land Degradation

About: Trouts

About: Trouts Mahaseer, Snow trout and Indian hill trout are the principle indigenous cold water fish species inhabiting the mountain waters of India. Snow trouts are found in snow fed streams of Assam, Eastern Himalayas, Sikkim, Nepal, Kashmir. Normally trout is a fish of perennial mountain streams of clear cool water of high oxygen content and … Continue reading About: Trouts

About: Trouts

About: Trouts Mahaseer, Snow trout and Indian hill trout are the principle indigenous cold water fish species inhabiting the mountain waters of India. Snow trouts are found in snow fed streams of Assam, Eastern Himalayas, Sikkim, Nepal, Kashmir. Normally trout is a fish of perennial mountain streams of clear cool water of high oxygen content and … Continue reading About: Trouts

Microplastics

What are Microplastics? Plastic debris that is less than five millimeters in length is called “microplastics.”   Types and sources of Microplastics: Primary Microplastics: These are the microplastics which have been made as plastics less than 5mm in length. Microbeads are the type of primary microplastics which are less than 1mm in length. They are … Continue reading Microplastics

About: SO2 Pollution

Headline : Coal-based power makes India largest SO2 emitter in world Details : In News: Greenpeace India has come up with a new report on sulphur dioxide pollution using NASA data from the OMI (Ozone Monitoring Instrument) satellite. As per the report, India is the world's largest emitter of anthropogenic sulphur dioxide (SO2), which is produced … Continue reading About: SO2 Pollution

In focus: Fall Armyworm: A major food security threat

In focus: Fall Armyworm: A major food security threat Introduction Fall Armyworm is an invasive agricultural pest that affects multiple crops (about 80 crops) ranging from maize to sugarcane, rice, vegetables etc. It is native to tropical and sub-tropical Americas especially Brazil. Since it was first discovered in Nigeria in West Africa, it has spread … Continue reading In focus: Fall Armyworm: A major food security threat

Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972

Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 The Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 is an Act of the Parliament of India enacted for protection of plants and animal species. The Act provides for the protection of wild animals, birds and plants; and for matters connected there with or ancillary or incidental thereto. Reforms done under the Act: Increase in … Continue reading Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972

Headline : Is seawater the ultimate answer?

Headline : Is seawater the ultimate answer? Details : Context of the topic: With reports of major cities in India struggling to stave off a water crisis, there’s talk about exploring technologies to harness fresh water. The one idea that’s been around for a while is desalination, or obtaining freshwater from salt water. The city of Chennai … Continue reading Headline : Is seawater the ultimate answer?

In focus: Electric Vehicle Switch in India

In focus: Electric Vehicle Switch in India Earlier in June 2019, the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways announced the intention to completely switch to electric vehicles only in 2-wheeler and 3-wheeler segment in 4-6 years. The pending notification is seeking to propose sale of only electric vehicles in the 2-wheeler segment under 150cc from … Continue reading In focus: Electric Vehicle Switch in India

About Radio-frequency identification (RFID):

About Radio-frequency identification (RFID): Managing and locating important assets is a key challenge for almost any business. Radio-frequency identification (RFID) uses electromagnetic fields to automatically identify, read and capture information stored on a tag attached to an object. There are two types of RFID Tags: Active RFID Tags: They are typically larger and more expensive … Continue reading About Radio-frequency identification (RFID):

About Heatwaves

About Heatwaves A Heat Wave is a period of abnormally high temperatures, which is more than the normal maximum temperature of a particular place. World Meteorological Organization: Heat wave is a situation when five or more consecutive days during which the daily maximum temperature exceeds the average maximum temperature by five degrees Celsius. The Indian Meteorological … Continue reading About Heatwaves

Why Tigers are important for ecosystem?

Why Tigers are important for ecosystem? Tiger is a top predator which is at the apex of the food chain and keeps the population of wild ungulates in check, thereby maintaining the balance between prey herbivores and the vegetation upon which they feed. The extinction of this top predator is an indication that its ecosystem … Continue reading Why Tigers are important for ecosystem?

About Forest fires

About Forest fires   Definition Forest fire may be defined as an unclosed and freely spreading combustion that consumes the natural fuels and when a fire burns out of control it is known as Wild Fire.   Vulnerability of India The youngest mountain ranges of Himalayas are the most vulnerable stretches of the world susceptible … Continue reading About Forest fires

Blue Flag Program

Blue Flag Program The Blue Flag Programme for beaches is run by the Copenhagen-based Foundation for Environmental Education (FEE). It started in France in 1985 and has been implemented in Europe since 1987. The campaign spread outside Europe, to South Africa, in 2001. It aims to promote sustainable development in freshwater and marine areas. The … Continue reading Blue Flag Program

What is Green House Effect?

What is Green House Effect? The greenhouse effect is a natural process that warms the Earth’s surface. When the Sun’s energy reaches the Earth’s atmosphere, some of it is reflected back to space and the rest is absorbed and re-radiated by greenhouse gases. The absorbed energy warms the atmosphere and the surface of the Earth. … Continue reading What is Green House Effect?

About BASEL Convention

About BASEL Convention Origin The Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal was adopted on 22 March 1989. It was adopted by the Conference of Plenipotentiaries in Basel, Switzerland. The Convention entered into force in 1992. It is a legally binding convention. Objective: Protect human health and the environment … Continue reading About BASEL Convention