About Quantum computers

About Quantum computers

  • In 1950s quantity of information for the first time were expressed in terms of the number of “bits”.
  • The bits, the 0s and 1s of binary code, are the basis of all conventional computing to store information.
  • 0s and 1s are represented in the form of electric charges.
  • In ordinary computers, charge is stored, and it flows through switches.
  • Every computation consists of changing the stored charge by regulating the flow of electric current to represent different information.
  • But in a quantum computer, the idea is fundamentally different.
  • All manipulations are done with the electron wave rather than with the current (charge).
  • Quantum computers take advantage of the fact that the particles (such as electrons) can be in different orbits simultaneously.
  • As a result, a very large number of computations can be carried out simultaneously using very simple circuits, and much less energy.
  • Each electron can, in principle, carry many bits of information called quantum bits, or qubits for short.

 

 

 

Applications

  • Quantum computers promise to run calculations far beyond the reach of any conventional supercomputer.
  • They might revolutionize the discovery of new materials by making it possible to simulate the behavior of matter down to the atomic level.
  • They could upend cryptography and security by cracking otherwise invincible codes.
  • There is even hope they will supercharge artificial intelligence by crunching through data more efficiently.

 

India and quantum computers

  • In September 2017, the Department of Science and Technology (DST) announced its plan to fund a project to develop quantum computers.
  • The DST’s Mission-Mode scheme, called Quantum Science and Technology (QuST), will fund research for the development and demonstration of quantum computers, quantum communication and cryptography, besides demonstration of quantum teleportation.
  • Further ISRO, in collaboration with Raman Research Institute, has initiated a mega project called Quantum Experiments Using Satellite Technology (QUEST) for developing technologies in quantum computing.
  • In May 2017, Chinese scientists successfully built the world’s first quantum computing machine that is 24,000 times faster than its international counterparts.
  • Earlier in 2016 China had successfully launched the world’s first quantum satellite called Micius.
  • Using Micius, Chinese researchers at the Quantum Experiments at Space Scale (QUESS) project, were able to transmit secret messages from space to Earth at a further distance than ever before.
Section : Science & Tech

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