Prelims 704

Consider the following statements:
1. The practice of sati was banned in Bengal Presidency by Lord Bentinck, the then Governor General of Bengal.
2. Widow Remarriage was permitted by a law passed in 1856 by Lord Canning.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?
A.
1 only
B.
2 only
C.
Both 1 and 2
D.
Neither 1 nor 2
Explanation :
Till 1813, British followed a policy of non-interference in the social and cultural life of the Indians. After that, many legal measures were introduced to improve the status of women. For example, the practice of sati was banned in Bengal Presidency through the Bengal Sati Regulation, 1829 by Lord Bentinck, the then Governor General of Bengal. Widow Remarriage was permitted by a law passed in 1856 by Lord Canning, the then Governor General of India.

Prelims 704

Consider the following statements about Sri Krishna Deva Raya’s kingdom:
1. Ashtadiggajas was the collective title given to the eight Telugu poets in the court of the emperor Sri Krishna Deva Raya.
2. Sri Krishna Deva Raya’s court poet Tenali Ramakrishna is referred to as the Andhra Kavita Pitamaha (the grandfather of Telugu poetry).
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?
A.
1 only
B.
2 only
C.
Both 1 and 2
D.
Neither 1 nor 2
Explanation :
Ashtadiggajas is the collective title given to the eight Telugu poets in the court of the emperor Sri Krishna Deva Raya who ruled the Vijayanagara Empire from 1509 until his death in 1529. During his reign, Telugu literature and culture reached its zenith. In his court, eight poets were regarded as the eight pillars of his literary assembly.
Allasani Peddana was a famous Telugu poet and was ranked as the foremost of the Ashtadiggajalu. He was often described as Andhrakavita Pitamaha. His important works include Manucharitam and Harikatha-saramsamu.

Prelims 702

Consider the following statements relating to the reign of the Mughal Emperor Akbar:
1. The Mansabdari system was the administrative system of the Mughal Empire introduced by Akbar.
2. The Mansabdars were of two types – Zats and Sawars.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?
A.
1 only
B.
2 only
C.
Both 1 and 2
D.
Neither 1 nor 2
Explanation :
The Mansabdari System was introduced by Mughal emperor Akbar as new administrative system. The term mansabdar refers to an individual who holds a mansab, meaning a position or rank. It was a grading system used by the Mughals to fix (1) rank, (2) salary and (3) military responsibilities. Rank and salary were determined by a numerical value called zat. The higher the zat, the more prestigious was the noble’s position in court and the larger his salary. The mansabdar’s military responsibilities required him to maintain a specified number of sawar or cavalrymen. The mansabdar brought his cavalrymen for review, got them registered, their horses branded and then received money to pay them as salary.

Prelims 701

With reference to the Akbar’s administration, match the following:
Official                     Department
I. Diwan                        1. Judicial
J. Mir Bakshi                2. Revenue
K. Sadr                         3. Military
L. Qazi                         4. Religious grants
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
A.
I-1, J-2, K-3, L-4
B.
I-2, J-3, K-4, L-1
C.
I-3, J-1, K-4, L-2
D.
I-4, J-3, K-2, L-1
Explanation :
Diwan – Revenue
Mir Bakshi- Military
Sadr – Religious grants
Qazi – Judicial

Prelims 240

Which of the following revolutionaries set up the United India House in the USA?
A.
RamnathPuri and VirSavarkar
B.
Taraknath Das and GD Kumar
C.
LalaHardayal and Bhagat Singh
D.
Harnam Singh and Bhagwan Singh
Explanation :
In 1910, TarakNath Das and G.D. Kumar set up the united India house in Seattle and U.S.A. The first fillip to the revolutionary movement was provided by the visit to Vancouver, in early 1913, of Bhagwan Singh, a Sikh priest who had worked in Hong Kong and the Malay states. He openly preached the need for violent overthrow of the British rule and urged the people to adopt Vande Mataram as a revolutionary salute.

Prelims 239

With reference to Indian freedom struggle, consider the following statements:
1. C.R Das and Moti Lal Nehru formed the Congress-Khilafat Swaraj Party.
2. In 1919, Gandhiji was elected President of the All-India Khilafat Conference.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?
A.
1 only
B.
2 only
C.
Both 1 and 2
D.
None of these
Explanation :
The Khilafat Movement (1919-20) was essentially a movement to express Muslim support for the Caliph of Turkey against the allied powers particularly Britain. The Swaraj Party or Swarajaya Party established as the Congress-KhilafatSwarajaya Party, was a political party formed in India in January 1923 after the Gaya annual conference in December 1922 of the National Congress, that sought greater self-government and political freedom for the Indian people from the British Raj. It was inspired by the concept of Swaraj. The two most important leaders were Chittaranjan Das, who was its president and Motilal Nehru, who was its secretary. Hence statement 1 is correct.
Gandhiji was elected President of the All-India Khilafat Conference which met at Delhi on November 23, 1919. They decided to withdraw all cooperation from the government if their demands were not met. Hence statement 2 is also correct.

Prelims 238

Consider the following statements regarding Home Rule League:
1. Home Rule League (Annie Besant) was in Maharashtra, Karnataka, the central provinces and Berar.
2. Home Rule League (Tilak) was in rest of India.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?
A.
1 only
B.
2 only
C.
Both 1 and 2
D.
None of these
Explanation :
Between the years 1916 and 1918, the Indian independence movement witnessed the growth and spread of the home rule movement spearheaded by leaders like Bal GangadharTilak and Annie Besant. The aim of the home rule movement was the attainment of home rule or a dominion status for India under the British Empire along the lines of countries like Canada and Australia. This movement was carried out through the two home rule leagues.
There was an informal understanding between both the leagues wherein Tilak’s league worked in Maharashtra (except Bombay), Karnataka, Berar and the Central Provinces. Besant’s league worked in the rest of the country. Tilak’s league had its headquarters in Delhi. It had 6 branches. Besant’s league had 200 branches and was a looser organisation compared to Tilak’s. Hence both statements are wrong