Aurobindo Ghosh Quotes for Essay 

​Aurobindo Ghosh Quotes

That which we call the Hindu religion is really the Eternal religion because it embraces all others.

Hidden nature is secret God.

India of the ages is not dead nor has she spoken her last creative word; she lives and has still something to do for herself and the human peoples.

To listen to some devout people, one would imagine that God never laughs.

Spirituality is indeed the master key of the Indian mind; the sense of the infinitive is native to it.

Kautilya /Chanakya Quotes

Education is the best friend. An educated person is respected everywhere. Education beats the beauty and the youth.

A person should not be too honest. Straight trees are cut first and honest people are screwed first.

Once you start a working on something, don’t be afraid of failure and don’t abandon it. People who work sincerely are the happiest.

There is some self-interest behind every friendship. There is no friendship without self-interests. This is a bitter truth.

God is not present in idols. Your feelings are your god. The soul is your temple.

Never make friends with people who are above or below you in status. Such friendships will never give you any happiness.

As soon as the fear approaches near, attack and destroy it.

The world’s biggest power is the youth and beauty of a woman.

We should not fret for what is past, nor should we be anxious about the future; men of discernment deal only with the present moment.

A man is born alone and dies alone; and he experiences the good and bad consequences of his karma alone; and he goes alone to hell or the Supreme abode.

There is no austerity equal to a balanced mind, and there is no happiness equal to contentment; there is no disease like covetousness, and no virtue like mercy.

The wise man should restrain his senses like the crane and accomplish his purpose with due knowledge of his place, time and ability.

As a single withered tree, if set aflame, causes a whole forest to burn, so does a rascal son destroy a whole family.

Do not reveal what you have thought upon doing, but by wise council keep it secret being determined to carry it into execution.

The happiness and peace attained by those satisfied by the nectar of spiritual tranquillity is not attained by greedy persons restlessly moving here and there.

The earth is supported by the power of truth; it is the power of truth that makes the sun shine and the winds blow; indeed all things rest upon truth.

One whose knowledge is confined to books and whose wealth is in the possession of others, can use neither his knowledge nor wealth when the need for them arises.

The life of an uneducated man is as useless as the tail of a dog which neither covers its rear end, nor protects it from the bites of insects.

As long as your body is healthy and under control and death is distant, try to save your soul; when death is immanent what can you do?

If one has a good disposition, what other virtue is needed? If a man has fame, what is the value of other ornamentation?

A man is great by deeds, not by birth.

Dr. BABASAHEB AMBEDKAR  Quotes 

I like the religion that teaches liberty, equality and fraternity.

Life should be great rather than long.

I measure the progress of a community by the degree of progress which women have achieved.

Cultivation of mind should be the ultimate aim of human existence.

Men are mortal. So are ideas. An idea needs propagation as much as a plant needs watering. Otherwise both will wither and die.

The relationship between husband and wife should be one of closest friends.

Every man who repeats the dogma of Mill that one country is no fit to rule another country must admit that one class is not fit to rule another class.

A great man is different from an eminent one in that he is ready to be the servant of the society.

So long as you do not achieve social liberty, whatever freedom is provided by the law is of no avail to you.

Law and order are the medicine of the body politic and when the body politic gets sick, medicine must be administered.

Political tyranny is nothing compared to the social tyranny and a reformer who defies society is a more courageous man than a politician who defies Government.

Plato – Quotes For Essay

Only the dead have seen the end of war.

Music is a moral law. It gives soul to the universe, wings to the mind, flight to the imagination, and charm and gaiety to life and to everything.

Be kind, for everyone you meet is fighting a hard battle.

Wise men talk because they have something to say; fools, because they have to say something.

The measure of a man is what he does with power.

Your silence gives consent.

We can easily forgive a child who is afraid of the dark; the real tragedy of life is when men are afraid of the light.

You can discover more about a person in an hour of play than in a year of conversation.

At the touch of love everyone becomes a poet.

One of the penalties for refusing to participate in politics is that you end up being governed by your inferiors.

Good people do not need laws to tell them to act responsibly, while bad people will find a way around the laws.

The beginning is the most important part of the work.

One of the penalties for refusing to participate in politics is that you end up being governed by your inferiors.

Good people do not need laws to tell them to act responsibly, while bad people will find a way around the laws.

The beginning is the most important part of the work.

Every heart sings a song, incomplete, until another heart whispers back. Those who wish to sing always find a song. At the touch of a lover, everyone becomes a poet.

The price good men pay for indifference to public affairs is to be ruled by evil men.

Lack of activity destroys the good condition of every human being, while movement and methodical physical exercise save it and preserve it.

Never discourage anyone… who continually makes progress, no matter how slow.

Love is a serious mental disease.

He was a wise man who invented God.

The first and greatest victory is to conquer yourself; to be conquered by yourself is of all things most shameful and vile.

Human behavior flows from three main sources: desire, emotion, and knowledge.

Courage is knowing what not to fear.

Indian Political Thoughts- Buddha – Quotes

​Buddha Quotes –

You will not be punished for your anger, you will be punished by your anger.

Do not dwell in the past, do not dream of the future, concentrate the mind on the present moment.

Holding on to anger is like grasping a hot coal with the intent of throwing it at someone else; you are the one who gets burned.

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No one saves us but ourselves. No one can and no one may. We ourselves must walk the path.

Three things cannot be long hidden: the sun, the moon, and the truth.

Thousands of candles can be lighted from a single candle, and the life of the candle will not be shortened. Happiness never decreases by being shared.

You, yourself, as much as anybody in the entire universe, deserve your love and affection.

We are shaped by our thoughts; we become what we think. When the mind is pure, joy follows like a shadow that never leaves.

Peace comes from within. Do not seek it without.

The mind is everything. What you think you become.

Believe nothing, no matter where you read it, or who said it, no matter if I have said it, unless it agrees with your own reason and your own common sense.

Whatever words we utter should be chosen with care for people will hear them and be influenced by them for good or ill.

There are only two mistakes one can make along the road to truth; not going all the way, and not starting.

Better than a thousand hollow words, is one word that brings peace.

However many holy words you read, however many you speak, what good will they do you if you do not act on upon them?

We are what we think. All that we are arises with our thoughts. With our thoughts, we make the world.

The way is not in the sky. The way is in the heart.

All that we are is the result of what we have thought.

Health is the greatest gift, contentment the greatest wealth, faithfulness the best relationship.

Even death is not to be feared by one who has lived wisely

Work out your own salvation. Do not depend on others.

Aristotle Quotes For Essay

We are what we repeatedly do. Excellence, then, is not an act, but a habit.

What is a friend? A single soul dwelling in two bodies.

It is the mark of an educated mind to be able to entertain a thought without accepting it.
Pleasure in the job puts perfection in the work.

Happiness depends upon ourselves.

I count him braver who overcomes his desires than him who conquers his enemies; for the hardest victory is over self.

Poverty is the parent of revolution and crime.

The roots of education are bitter, but the fruit is sweet.

The educated differ from the uneducated as much as the living from the dead.

All men by nature desire knowledge.

For the things we have to learn before we can do them, we learn by doing them.

All human actions have one or more of these seven causes: chance, nature, compulsion, habit, reason, passion, and desire.

No great genius has ever existed without some touch of madness.

In all things of nature there is something of the marvelous.

The worst form of inequality is to try to make unequal things equal.

The energy of the mind is the essence of life.

A friend to all is a friend to none.

Nature does nothing uselessly.

Those who educate children well are more to be honored than they who produce them; for these only gave them life, those the art of living well.

The best friend is the man who in wishing me well wishes it for my sake.

Quality is not an act, it is a habit.

Karl Marx – Quotes

Religion is the sigh of the oppressed creature, the heart of a heartless world, just as it is the spirit of a spiritless situation. It is the opium of the people.

There is a specter haunting Europe, the specter of Communism.

The philosophers have only interpreted the world, in various ways. The point, however, is to change it.

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Capital is dead labor, which, vampire-like, lives only by sucking living labor, and lives the more, the more labor it sucks.

The theory of Communism may be summed up in one sentence: Abolish all private property.

Men make their own history, but they do not make it as they please.

Reason has always existed, but not always in a reasonable form.

The history of all previous societies has been the history of class struggles.

The production of too many useful things results in too many useless people.

If anything is certain, it is that I myself am not a Marxist. [In a letter about the peculiar ‘Marxism’ which arose in France 1882]

The rich will do anything for the poor but get off their backs.

Religion is the opium of the masses.

The only antidote to mental suffering is physical pain.

Society does not consist of individuals but expresses the sum of interrelations, the relations within which these individuals stand.

In bourgeois society capital is independent and has individuality, while the living person is dependent and has no individuality.

From each according to his abilities, to each according to his needs.

While the miser is merely a capitalist gone mad, the capitalist is a rational miser.

History repeats itself, first as tragedy, second as farce.

Last words are for fools who haven’t said enough.

Revolutions are the locomotives of history.

Nothing can have value without being an object of utility.

Mahatma Gandhi – Quotes For Essays

You must be the change you wish to see in the world.

The weak can never forgive. Forgiveness is the attribute of the strong.

Happiness is when what you think, what you say, and what you do are in harmony.

An eye for eye only ends up making the whole world blind.

Live as if you were to die tomorrow; learn as if you were to live forever.

First they ignore you, then they laugh at you, then they fight you, then you win.

You must not lose faith in humanity. Humanity is an ocean; if a few drops of the ocean are dirty, the ocean does not become dirty.

The best way to find yourself is to lose yourself in the service of others.

Strength does not come from physical capacity. It comes from an indomitable will.

A man is but the product of his thoughts; what he thinks, he becomes.

Nobody can hurt me without my permission.

Where there is love there is life.

Earth provides enough to satisfy every man’s needs, but not every man’s greed.

Freedom is not worth having if it does not include the freedom to make mistakes.

To believe in something, and not to live it, is dishonest.

It is unwise to be too sure of one’s own wisdom. It is healthy to be reminded that the strongest might weaken and the wisest might err.

The greatness of a nation can be judged by the way its animals are treated.

In a gentle way, you can shake the world.

Whatever you do will be insignificant, but it is very important that you do it.

A ‘No’ uttered from deepest conviction is better and greater than a ‘Yes’ merely uttered to please, or what is worse, to avoid trouble.

I like your Christ, I do not like your Christians. Your Christians are so unlike your Christ.

50 Important Words from The Hindu

Having good vocabulary gives edge in Ethics and Essay.

Words:- 

  1. scratchyRough; grating
  2. myriadA countless or extremely great number.-innumerable – countless – numberless – uncounted
  3. liberalgenerous – bounteous – lavish – bountiful – free
  4. connive -Secretly allow
  5. triagingAssign degrees of urgency to
  6. agrarian -agricultural – predial – land
  7. abundance -plenty – affluence – profusion – opulence – wealth
  8. profusion -abundance – plenty – affluence – exuberance – wealth
  9. bygone – past – last – former – departed – overpast – ancient
  10. stagnate -Cease developing; become inactive or dull.
  11. ratified -Sign or give formal consent to (a treaty, contract, or agreement), making it officially valid.
  12. filth -dirt – muck – impurity – grime – squalor – ordure
  13. hegemony -Leadership or dominance, esp. by one country or social group
  14. immolation -killing or offering as a sacrifice.
  15. symposium– A conference or meeting to discuss a particular subject
  16. frontiers– A line or border separating two countries.
  17. retract -Draw or pull
  18. protectorate– A state controlled and protected by another
  19. zenith -The highest point reached by a celestial or other object
  20. etymology -The study of the origin of words and the way in which their meanings have changed throughout history.
  21. ember -A small piece of burning or glowing coal or wood in a dying fire: “the flickering embers of nationalism”.
  22. unprecedented -unexampled – unparalleled – unheard-of
  23. foment-instigate – incite – provoke
  24. incendiary -(of a device or attack) Designed to cause fires:
  25. amalgam -mixture – mix – blend
  26. tortuous -winding – sinuous – devious – serpentine – crooked
  27. propel -impel – drive – move – push – actuate
  28. depose-testify – dismiss
  29. slayer -killer
  30. Erudite- characterized by great knowledge;
  31. Ardent expressive of, or characterized by intense feeling;passionate;Fervent
  32. abolition- the legal prohibition and ending of slavery.
  33. urged- to press, push, or hasten
  34. fade- to disappear
  35. Imposition- the laying on of something as a burden or obligation.
  36. euphoria- a feeling of happiness, confidence, or well-being
  37. legitimacy-the state or quality of being legitimate.
  38. Tenure- the holding or possessing of anything
  39. profess-to lay claim to, often insincerely; pretend to
  40. abandonto give up; discontinue; withdraw from
  41. Eloquenthaving or exercising the power of fluent, forceful, and appropriate speech
  42. voraciousexceedingly eager or avid
  43. fragile -brittle – frail – breakable – delicate – tender – weak
  44. colossal – huge – enormous – immense – gigantic – tremendous
  45. potable -drinkable
  46. fiat -order – ordinance – decree – command – edict
  47. doggedly -with obstinate determination
  48. divulge -disclose – reveal – publish – betray – expose
  49. equity -justice – fairness – justness – impartiality
  50. abode -residence – habitation – dwelling – home – domicile

Internal Security of India

Internal security is the security of country within its borders.

  • Maintenance of peace and law and order.
  • Upholding sovereignty of country within its borders.
  • Responsibility of Police and state government and Ministry of Home affairs.

External Security is security against aggression by a foreign country.

  • Responsibility of armed forces and Ministry of Defense .

Four Kinds of threats to any state as per Kautilya: –

  •  Internal
  • External
  • Internally aided external
  • Externally aided internal

Due to fast globalization, modern communications, distinction between security threat is not possible. Now all types of security threats has to be seen through mix prism of above 4 types.

Attributes of Internal Security:-

  • Secure territorial integrity and internal sovereignty
  • Maintain domestic peace and law and order
  • Rule of law and equality before law
  • Absence of fear
  • Peaceful coexistence and communal harmony  

Understanding of Attribute of Internal Security :-

 

1. Territorial integrity is the principle under international law that nation-states should not attempt to promote secessionist movements or to promote border changes in other nation-states.

2. Sovereignty meaning holding supreme, independent authority over a region or state.

     Internal Sovereignty refers to the internal affairs of the state and the location of supreme power within it.

3. law and order :- a situation characterized by respect for and obedience to the rules of a society.

4. Communal Harmony refers to the harmony, acceptance and love among the people of various communities belonging to different castes, races and religion.

5. Communal Harmony is the most important pre-condition for feeling of Unity and National Integration in India

6. Equality Before law:-

  • Its Fundamental right.
  • It ensure the guarantees to every person the right to equality before law & equal protection of the laws .it is not only right of Indian citizens but also right of citizens .
  • Article 14 says “The state shall of India.” article 14 define no one is above the law.

Major challenges to Internal  security

  • International and domestic terrorism
  • J&K militancy and terrorism
  • Insurgency in Northeast
  • LWE – Left wing Extremism
  • Communalism
  • Caste and ethnic tension
  • Regionalism and Inter-state disputes
  • Cyber Crime and Cyber Security
  • Border Management
  • Coastal Security

Understanding of Definitions:-

 

Communalism

  • Attempts to construct religious or ethnic identity
  • Incite strife between people identified as different communities
  • To stimulate communal violence between those groups.
  • It derives from history, differences in beliefs, and tensions between the communities.

Regionalism

  • Theory or practice of regional rather than central systems of administration or economic, cultural, or political affiliation.
  • A linguistic feature peculiar to a particular region and not part of the standard language of a country. 

Cyber security

  • Cyber security is the body of technologies, processes and practices designed to protect networks, computers, programs and data from attack, damage or unauthorized access.

Factors Responsible for Internal Security 

  1. Pre- Independence Issues :-
    1. Unfriendly neighbors and porous borders
    2. Poverty
    3. Unemployment
  1. Administrative failures :-
    1. Inequality and Inequitable growth
    2. Governance deficit 
  1. Partisan Politics :-
    1. Communal Divide
    2. Caste awareness and Caste tensions
  1. Governance Deficit :-
    1. Politics of language ethnicity sects and son of soil
    2. Poor Justice system
    3. Porous borders 
  1. Declared policy of Pakistan’s ISI ‘ to bleed India through a thousand Cuts.

Way Forward:-

  • Central and State government Co-ordination
  • Robust Intelligence
  • Robust Cyber Security Architecture – Theater of modern Warfare
  • Good Governance
  • Better Border Management