About Asiatic Lion, Asiatic Lion Conservation Project

Headline : Vet institute, ambulances mooted in lion conservation plan Details : The News In a bid to step up conservation and protection efforts of critically endangered ‘Asiatic Lions, the Centre and the Gujarat government have announced a 3-year dedicated ‘Asiatic Lion Conservation Project’. Background About Asiatic Lions Asiatic Lions are critically endangered species, listed in the Schedule … Continue reading About Asiatic Lion, Asiatic Lion Conservation Project

What impact will the thundershowers, hailstorm have on rabi crop?

Headline : What impact will the thundershowers, hailstorm have on rabi crop? Details : The topic Recently, there was heavy rainfall and hailstorms in the many areas of northern India.This articles assesses the impact of heavy rainfall and hailstorms on rabi crops. Background In early February, the National Capital Region, Punjab, Haryana, parts of Uttar Pradesh and … Continue reading What impact will the thundershowers, hailstorm have on rabi crop?

Char Dham highway project

Headline : Supreme Court clears 900km Char Dham highway project Details : In News The Supreme Court has cleared the Chardham highway project, by modifying an NGT order.It has also ordered to constitute a fresh committee to look into environmental concerns related to the project.It ordered the Ministry of Environment and Forests to form the high-powered … Continue reading Char Dham highway project

IPCC Report: Climate Change and Land

Headline : Food supply is at dire risk: UN Details : In News IPCC has released a new report on Climate Change and Land. It is the second in the series of three special reports that the IPCC is preparing during the current Sixth Assessment Report cycle. This is the first IPCC report in which a … Continue reading IPCC Report: Climate Change and Land

Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC)

Headline : Mobile scheme to quit tobacco has over 2 million users in India Details : In News: The World Health Organization (WHO) has recently released its 7th report on global tobacco epidemic. The report analyses national efforts to implement the most effective measures from the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC).   About: … Continue reading Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC)

Everything about Tiger, Tiger Census,Project Tiger, Tiger and Ecosystem

Headline : Tiger no. up 33% in 4 years, India has 75% of global population Details : In News The 4th Tiger census report, Status of Tigers Co-predators & Prey in India, 2018, has been recently released by PM Modi. According to the report, India has recorded its highest ever rise, at 33%, in the numbers … Continue reading Everything about Tiger, Tiger Census,Project Tiger, Tiger and Ecosystem

Prelims 2019: About Wildlife Protection Act, 1972, About Indian Fox/ Bengal fox, About Chenchu Tribe

News Summary Chenchus believe that beginning the day by seeing the face of the fox is a fortune and thus they have domesticated foxes. However, the conservation of fox falls under the Indian Wildlife Protection Act 1972, according to which hunting or domesticating it is an offence and attracts punishment.   About Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 … Continue reading Prelims 2019: About Wildlife Protection Act, 1972, About Indian Fox/ Bengal fox, About Chenchu Tribe

Everything about Vultures: Ecological Importance, Declining Population, Threats, IUCN status, Types of Vultures and It’s conservation

Headline : Poisoned cattle carcass kills 37 vultures Details : The news Around 37 vultures belonging to three endangered species died after feeding on pesticide-laced cattle carcass in eastern Assam’s Sivasagar district.   Background Vultures are scavenger birds which feed on the carcasses of large animals. Vultures in the country have reduced from 40 million (in … Continue reading Everything about Vultures: Ecological Importance, Declining Population, Threats, IUCN status, Types of Vultures and It’s conservation

Prelims Program: National Innovations on Climate Resilient Agriculture (NICRA)

Headline : Prelims Program: National Innovations on Climate Resilient Agriculture (NICRA) Details :  Climate change: Problems faced in India Climate Change, caused by the increased concentration of greenhouse gases (GHGs) in the atmosphere, has emerged as the most prominent global environmental problem. Most of the countries including India are facing the problems of rising temperature, melting of … Continue reading Prelims Program: National Innovations on Climate Resilient Agriculture (NICRA)

Everything about Global Energy and CO2 Status Report of International Energy Agency

Headline : India’s carbon dioxide emissions up 5% Details : Topic in News Global Energy and CO2 Status Report of International Energy Agency News Summary According to Global Energy and CO2 Status Report released by IEA, the global energy demand increased by 2.3% in 2018. As a result the energy-related CO2 emissions rose by 1.7% to 33 gigatonnes in 2018. … Continue reading Everything about Global Energy and CO2 Status Report of International Energy Agency

While the frequency of forest fire appears to have increased in the country, India’s approach towards forest fire management has significant gaps. Elucidate. (10 marks)

While the frequency of forest fire appears to have increased in the country, India’s approach towards forest fire management has significant gaps. Elucidate. (10 marks) Approach: Introduce with increased frequency of forest fires in India Bring out the various gaps in forest fire management (NIDM report identified the gaps) Conclude appropriately Model Answer : India, … Continue reading While the frequency of forest fire appears to have increased in the country, India’s approach towards forest fire management has significant gaps. Elucidate. (10 marks)

Define Environmental Lapse Rate (ELR). What are the various types of temperature inversion? (200 words)

Define Environmental Lapse Rate (ELR). What are the various types of temperature inversion? (200 words) Approach: Define ELR Define Temperature inversion Discuss various types of temperature inversions (mention the areas where they are prominent if possible) Conclude appropriately Model Answer : Environmental lapse rate (ELR) is the rate at which the air temperature changes with height in … Continue reading Define Environmental Lapse Rate (ELR). What are the various types of temperature inversion? (200 words)

A climate vulnerability index for India

Headline : A climate vulnerability index for India Details : News Summary India will soon have a climate-vulnerability index which will be developed by Department of Science and Technology(DST). It is being modeled on the basis of a similar climate-vulnerability assessment done on 12 Himalayan states in 2018.   Climate Vulnerability Index The Climate Vulnerability Index … Continue reading A climate vulnerability index for India

Do forest surveys separately

Headline : Do forest surveys separately Details : The news • A highpower committee constituted by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) has recommended the government to separate the forest surveys for estimating trees grown in forest and outside  forest. About India State of Forest Report • Forest Survey of India (FSI) an organization under the Ministry of Environment Forest & Climate Change Government of India has been assessing the … Continue reading Do forest surveys separately

Prelims Program: National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA)

Headline : Prelims Program: National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA) Details : About National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA) National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA) has been formulated for enhancing agricultural productivity especially in rainfed areas focusing on integrated farming, water use efficiency, soil health management and synergizing resource conservation.   Objectives To make agriculture more productive, sustainable, … Continue reading Prelims Program: National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA)

What  do you understand by the term ‘sustainable agriculture’? Suggest strategies to make agriculture in India sustainable. (10 marks)

What  do you understand by the term 'sustainable agriculture'? Suggest strategies to make agriculture in India sustainable. (10 marks) Approach: Introduce explaining about sustainable agriculture Suggest various strategies like appropriate production systems, ZBNF etc. Conclude appropriately Model Answer : Sustainable agriculture is that form of agriculture which attempts to produce sufficient food to meet the … Continue reading What  do you understand by the term ‘sustainable agriculture’? Suggest strategies to make agriculture in India sustainable. (10 marks)

Why a dam in Karnataka bothers Tamil Nadu

Headline : Why a dam in Karnataka bothers Tamil Nadu Details : Why in news? Recently, Tamil Nadu Chief Minister E K Palaniswami wrote to the Prime Minister urging him to stop the process of a feasibility study for the Mekedatu dam project in Karnataka.   About Mekedatu dam project Being set up by the Karnataka government, … Continue reading Why a dam in Karnataka bothers Tamil Nadu

Zoological Survey of India

The Zoological Survey of India (ZSI), a premier research institution under the Ministry has completed 100 years of services to the Nation, undertaking survey, exploration and research leading to the advancement of our knowledge on the exceptionally rich faunal diversity of the country since its inception in 1916. Over the successive plan periods functions of … Continue reading Zoological Survey of India

Botanical Survey of India

Botanical Survey of India (BSI) is the apex research organization under Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&CC), Govt. of India for carrying out taxonomic and floristic studies on wild plant resources of the country. It was established in 1890 with the basic objective to explore the plant resources of country and to identify … Continue reading Botanical Survey of India

Wildlife Crime Control Bureau

Wildlife Crime Control Bureau (WCCB) is a statutory multi-disciplinary body established under the Ministry, to combat organized wildlife crime in the country. The Bureau has its headquarters in New Delhi and five regional offices at Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai, Chennai and Jabalpur; three sub-regional offices at Guwahati, Amritsar and Cochin; and five border units at Ramanathapuram, … Continue reading Wildlife Crime Control Bureau

Brief about Fly Ash

Fly ash is a fine powder which is a byproduct from burning pulverized coal in electric generation power plants. Fly ash is a pozzolan, a substance containing aluminous and siliceous material that forms cement in the presence of water. When mixed with lime and water it forms a compound similar to Portland cement. The fly … Continue reading Brief about Fly Ash

Hydroelectric Projects in India

Consider the following statements about Kishenganga River 1.      It is a tributary of river Satluj 2.      It is called Neelum in Pakistan Select the correct statements a       Only 1 b       Only 2 c       Both 1 and 2 d       Neither 1 nor 2 Explanation: Solution (b) The Jhelum has its source in … Continue reading Hydroelectric Projects in India

Brief about Bio-fortification

Consider the following statements 1.     Biofortification is the process by which the nutritional quality of food crops is improved through agronomic practices, conventional plant breeding, or modern biotechnology. 2.     Conventional fortification differs from Biofortification in that conventional fortification aims to increase nutrient levels in crops during plant growth rather than through manual means during processing … Continue reading Brief about Bio-fortification

Everything about Tiger Estimation and It’s techniques.

Onestopupsc Fourth all India Tiger estimation has began in the Nagarjunasagar-Srisailam Tiger Reserve. Appliances and apps being used Android phones and a new app are being used by forest officials to collect field data for digital enumeration.The app, Monitoring System for Tigers – Intensive Protection and Ecological Status (M-StrIPES) is being used for the first … Continue reading Everything about Tiger Estimation and It’s techniques.

Why Bengaluru’s Bellandur lake keeps catching fire? Join Telegram Channel

Onestop IAS A huge plume of fire was spotted emanating seemingly spontaneously from the severely-polluted Bellandur Lake in mid January. The Lake has witnessed occasional fires on its surface in the past as well. Apart from fire, the lake also witness the issues like froth formation, loss of biodiversity due to encroachment etc. The Bellandur … Continue reading Why Bengaluru’s Bellandur lake keeps catching fire? Join Telegram Channel

Features of Sunderbans

Feature of Sunderbans  It is classified as a moist tropical forest.  It is a UNESCO world heritage site.  Recognised under Ramsar wetland site  Dominated by “ Sundri tree”  Largest single block of halophytic mangrove forest in the world.  It has common features of the both estuarine and mangrove ecosystem.  Agent … Continue reading Features of Sunderbans

Everything about Steel Sector

About Steel sector • In 2016-17, India's total 'Finished Steel Production' for sale was around 100 MT with an apparent consumption of about 85 MT. Thus production of finished steel was sufficient to meet its present demand in the country and also for exports. • The domestic steel sector contributes around 2% of the country’s GDP … Continue reading Everything about Steel Sector

Everything about Great White Pelican

Great White Pelican • It is a bird in the pelican family. • It is also known as the eastern white pelican, rosy pelican or white pelican. Telegram:  https://t.me/SimplifiedIAS Geographic distribution • It is mainly found in southeastern Europe, Asia and Africa. Behaviour • Northern populations of this species are fully migratory and travel via … Continue reading Everything about Great White Pelican

Everything about Kolleru Lake

Kolleru Lake • It is the largest freshwater lake and is located in Andhra Pradesh. • It is located between Krishna and Godavari delta and covers an area of 308 km². • The lake serves as a natural flood-balancing reservoir for these two rivers. • The lake is fed directly by water from the seasonal … Continue reading Everything about Kolleru Lake

Buxa Tiger Reserve:

Buxa Tiger Reserve: It is located in Alipurduar district of West Bengal. It was notified as a tiger reserve in 1983. The tiger reserve has an area of about 758 sq km. Out of this, 390 sq km lies in the core area and 367 sq km in the buffer zone. Some parts of the reserve … Continue reading Buxa Tiger Reserve:

Tropic of Cancer 

Tropic of Cancer passes through below countries N America - Mexico Bahamas Africa - Western Sahara Mauritania Mali Algeria Niger Libya Egypt  Middle East - Saudi Arabia UAE Oman Asia - India Bangladesh Myanmar China Taiwan

Prime Meridian 

Prime Meridian  passes through below countries Europe  UK France Spain Africa Algeria Mali Burkina Faso Tongo Ghana

Equator

Equator: passes through below Countries S America Ecuador Colombia Brazil  Africa - Sao Tome & Principe Gabon Republic of the Congo Democratic Republic of the Congo Uganda Kenya Somalia Maldives Asia - Indonesia Kiribati

Biomes of the World

Equatorial Zone Equatorial rainforest - around equator Amazon rainforest, Congo basin, and east indies Uniform weather through out the year Rains in the afternoons Double rainfall peaks coinciding with the equinoxes Canopy structure - layered trees Epiphytes Unfertile soil Abundance of species Difficult to penetrate the jungle Cloud Forests - relates to Selvas Hardwood trees … Continue reading Biomes of the World

Asian Nature Conservation Foundation:

Asian Nature Conservation Foundation: It was established in 1997 as a charitable trust. It has its headquarters at the Innovation Centre office of the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore. It is a small group of conservation scientists, planners, information managers and administrators working together to support the conservation of biological diversity in India. It is … Continue reading Asian Nature Conservation Foundation:

Everything about OIL SPILL

OIL SPILL:  An oil spill is the release of a liquid petroleum hydrocarbon or naturally extracted oil into the environment, especially marine areas, due to human activity and is a form of pollution. Remedies: 1.Dispersant: Dispersants are chemicals that when applied to oil floating on the surface greatly increases the rate of dispersal and breakdown … Continue reading Everything about OIL SPILL

Bharat Standard Norms

Bharat Standard Norms Introduced in the year 2000, the Bharat norms are emission control standards put in place by the government to keep a check on air pollution. Based on the European regulations (Euro norms), these standards set specifications/limits for the release of air pollutants from equipment using internal combustion engines, including vehicles. Typically, the … Continue reading Bharat Standard Norms

Air Pollution – Particulate Matter

Fine Particles, Particulate Matter 2.5: Fine particulate matter (PM2.5) is an air pollutant that is a concern for people's health when levels in air are high. PM2.5 are tiny particles in the air that reduce visibility and cause the air to appear hazy when levels are elevated. Outdoor PM2.5 levels are most likely to be … Continue reading Air Pollution – Particulate Matter

International Treaties fro Hazardous Substance Management

Hazardous Substance Management To promote safe management and use of hazardous substance in order to avoid damage to the health and env. International conventions Basel convention - control the transboundary mvmt of hazardous waste Non binding agreement Reduce the movement of hazardous waste between nations Prevent transfer of hazardous waste from developed to less developed country USA, … Continue reading International Treaties fro Hazardous Substance Management

Nature Conservation – International Treaties

Nature Conservation Under Biodiversity conservation scheme, there are two main subcomponents Bio Diversity Bio Safety  Bio Diversity Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) Legally binding Aichi target  India enacted the Biological Diversity Act, 2002 to give effect to the provisions of CBD. National Biodiversity Authority (NBA) was created to implement the provisions of BDA, 2002. Located at Chennai Autonomous … Continue reading Nature Conservation – International Treaties

CITES ( Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora)

CITES (the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) is an international agreement between governments. Its aim is to ensure that international trade in specimens of wild animals and plants does not threaten their survival. Today, it accords varying degrees of protection to more than 35,000 species of animals and plants, whether they are traded … Continue reading CITES ( Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora)

Everything about CORAL BLEACHING:

CORAL BLEACHING: Bleaching occurs when abnormal environmental conditions, such as warmer sea temperatures, cause corals to expel tiny photosynthetic algae, draining them of their colour. When water is too warm, corals will expel the algae (zooxanthellae) living in their tissues causing the coral to turn completely white. This is called coral bleaching. Algae are vital … Continue reading Everything about CORAL BLEACHING:

Major Air Pollutants

Major Air Pollutants Particulate matter (PM): PM affects more people than any other pollutant. The major components of PM are sulfate, nitrates, ammonia, sodium chloride, black carbon, mineral dust and water. It consists of a complex mixture of solid and liquid particles of organic and inorganic substances suspended in the air. The most health-damaging particles … Continue reading Major Air Pollutants

Air Pollution

Causes of air pollution: Diesel vehicles are more polluting than petrol They are high in PM, Nitrogen oxide not good for health Ban 10 year old diesel truck entering city Vehicular emissions Dust emissions from construction work, thermal power plants etc.. Burning of wastes etc.. Major pollutants: Benzene - byproduct of burning diesel. It is … Continue reading Air Pollution

Gangetic Dolphin

Dolphins are one of the oldest creatures in the world along with some species of turtles, crocodiles and sharks. Platanista gangetica , the biological name of the Gangetic river dolphin, also called the “blind” river dolphin or the “side-swimming dolphin” is unique to India and an endangered species. Ganges river dolphins once lived in the Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna and Karnaphuli-Sangu … Continue reading Gangetic Dolphin

Amur Falcons

Amur falcons are the longest travelling raptors in the world. They weigh just 150 grams Males are mostly grey in colour and the females have dark-streaked cream or orange underparts. The species flies non-stop from Mongolia to northeast India covering 5,600 km in five days and nights, a small part of its 22,000 km circular migratory … Continue reading Amur Falcons

International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)

The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) is a membership Union uniquely composed of both government and civil society organisations. It provides public, private and non-governmental organisations with the knowledge and tools that enable human progress, economic development and nature conservation to take place together. Created in 1948, IUCN has evolved into the world’s … Continue reading International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)

Biodiversity hotspots

Biodiversity hotspots? Biodiversity hotspots are a method to identify those regions of the world where attention is needed to address biodiversity loss and to guide investments in conservation. The idea was first developed by Norman Myers in 1988 to identify tropical forest ‘hotspots’ characterized both by exceptional levels of plant endemism and serious habitat loss, … Continue reading Biodiversity hotspots

What is Green Climate Fund?

What is Green Climate Fund? The Fund is a unique global platform to respond to climate change by investing in low-emission and climate-resilient development. GCF was established by 194 governments to limit or reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in developing countries, and to help vulnerable societies adapt to the unavoidable impacts of climate change. Given … Continue reading What is Green Climate Fund?

National Mission for Clean Ganga

National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) is the implementation wing of National Ganga River Basin Authority (NGRBA). It is a registered society originally formed by Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change(MoEFCC) on 12th August 2011 under the Societies Registration Act, 1860. Now both NGRBA and NMCG are allocated to the Ministry of Water Resources, … Continue reading National Mission for Clean Ganga

Kashmir’s Red stag

In order to get more attention and protection to Kashmir’s Red stag, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has decided to put Red Stag on the critically endangered species list. It is listed under Schedule-I of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 and J&K Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1978 and has also been listed … Continue reading Kashmir’s Red stag

Ramsar Convention on Wetlands

Ramsar Convention on Wetlands India is a signatory to Ramsar convention Intergovernmental treaty Conservation and wise use of wetlands and its resources Adopted in the Iranian city of Ramsar Transboundary Ramsar Sites Changwon declaration - ensuring human well being Montreax Records Loktak Lake, Manipur (largest fresh water lake in NE) - Loktak Lake is the … Continue reading Ramsar Convention on Wetlands

Olive ridley Turtles

Also known as the Pacific ridley sea turtle, Olive turtles are a medium-sized species of sea turtle found in warm and tropical waters, primarily in the Pacific and Indian Oceans. They are best known for their behavior of synchronized nesting in mass numbers. Known as aribada The olive ridley is classified as Vulnerable according to … Continue reading Olive ridley Turtles

Sumatran Rhino

Critically endangered species Smallest of all rhinos and the only Asian variety with two horns They are born covered in shaggy, reddish brown fur Its nick name is Hairy rhino They once roamed the vast, dense forests of Sumatra, Borneo and Malaysia but land-clearing and poaching have devastated their numbers. In Sumatra, there are also small … Continue reading Sumatran Rhino

Invasive Species: Seemai Karuvelam tree

Native to west Africa Sucks water leading to ground water depletion Invasive species No other species of plant can co exist along with it Used for fuel wood Scientific name : prosopis julifora

What are invasive species? #upsc #ias

An invasive species is a non native organism that causes ecological harm after being introduced to a new environment. Humans are responsible for the spread of a majority of earth's invasive species, often carrying them to different parts of the world on ships. Once they enter a new ecosystem, invasive species can outcompete native organisms for resources … Continue reading What are invasive species? #upsc #ias