The basis of the statement lies in two elements: firstly, that it is possible to
change behavior but very difficult to change attitudes; secondly, that as one ages,attitudes become more rigid and difficult to change. Thus, the earlier we introduce interventions to correct or improve behaviours and attitudes, the greater the chances of a meaningful impact.
With regard to selecting an individual for pubic office, this emphasizes the
importance of the recruitment and training programs. The lower the age at entry, the more the possibility that the interventions will have the desired impact since it becomes easier to training the individual, with minimal resistance.
Similarly, the recruitment policy must ensure that the selected individuals are
genuinely pubic-spirited. This would ensure that their acceptance of the
organizational ethos is greater and attitudinal resistance is minimal.
How will NSG membership help India?
Clean energy push:
- India is a growing country with massive energy needs.
- It has set for itself an ambitious goal of sourcing 40% of its power from non-fossil sources and here is where nuclear energy comes into play.
- India will need latest technology and NSG membership will come in handy.
- Though it got a one-time NSG waiver in 2008, the country needs constant access to global markets and a stable trading framework.
- Being a member of the NSG will also mean that India will have far greater access to uranium than it does currently under its 2008 agreement with the US. For example, Namibia is the fourth-largest producer of uranium and it agreed to sell the nuclear fuel to India in 2009.
- However, that hasn’t happened, as Namibia has since cited a 2009 African version of the Non-Proliferation Treaty, the Pelindaba Treaty, which essentially controls the supply of uranium from Africa to the rest of the world.
- If India joins the NSG, such reservations from Namibia are expected to melt away.
It helps domestic firms:
- A place on the nuclear trading table will help Indian companies such as the Walchandnar Industries Limited (WIL) and L&T to expand business.
- India has a robust indigenous nuclear industry that worked mostly in isolation as international sanctions were slapped every time a nuclear test was conducted.
- An NSG membership will make these companies comply with international norms and make it easier for them to ply their trade abroad.
Make in India:
- New Delhi and Moscow have announced a plan to build reactors in India to sell them to other countries, a move expected to give a push to the Modi government’s Make in India initiative.
- It will not only generate jobs but also help in technology development.
- As an NSG member, India will be better placed to implement the initiative.
End of the nuclear winter:
- One of the objectives of the 2008 nuclear deal was that the US would help India get into export-control regimes such as the NSG, the MTCR (missile technology control regime), Australia Group and Wassenar Arrangement.
- As a member of these groupings, India will have access to defence, space and nuclear technologies.
- The MTCR is done, of the remaining, the NSG is most crucial.
- Admission to the MTCR will open the way for India to buy high-end missile technology and surveillance drones such as Predator.
10 Commitments and Suggestions:
1. Creating Safer World:
- It can be achieved by organised and coordinated action on issues like counter-terrorism, cyber security and disaster management.
2. Creating Greener World:
- It can be achieved by taking concerted action on countering climate change. For e.g initiatives like International Solar Alliance.
3. Creating Enabled World:
- It can be achieved by sharing and deploying suitable technologies to enhance efficiency, economy and effectiveness.
4. Creating Inclusive World
- It can be achieved by mainstreaming the people in the banking and financial system.
5. Creating Digital world:
- It can be achieved by bridging the digital divide within and outside the economies.
6. Creating Skilled World:
- It can be created by giving future-ready skills to millions of the youths.
7. Creating Healthier World:
- It can be created by cooperating in research and development to eradicate diseases, and enabling affordable health care for all.
8. Creating Equitable World:
- It can be achieved by providing equality of opportunity to all, particularly through gender equality.
9. Creating Connected World:
- The world can be connected by enabling the free flow of goods, persons and services.
10. Creating Harmonious World:
- The world can by harmonious by promoting ideologies, practices, and heritage that are centered on peaceful coexistence and living in harmony with nature.
• Lays out certain ideals that form the basis of the kind of country that we as citizens aspire to live in.
• Defines the nature of a country’s political system; plays a crucial role in laying out certain important guidelines that govern decision-making within these societies.
• Provides a set of basic rules that allow for minimal coordination amongst members of a society.
• Provides safeguards against the leaders who might misuse their authority—sets some limits on what a government can impose on its citizens. These limits are fundamental in the sense that government may never trespass them.
• Constitution saves us from ourselves (This may sound strange but what is meant by this is that we might at times feel strongly about an issue that might go against our larger interests and the Constitution helps us guard against this.)
• It helps to protect us against certain decisions that we might take that could have an adverse effect on the larger principles that the country believes in. Therefore, the constitution sets authoritative constraints upon what one may or may not do.
• Enables the government to fulfill the aspirations of a society and create conditions for a just society.
• Constitution expresses the fundamental identity of a people.
• Protects minorities from tyranny of the majority (i.e. from inter-community and intra-