Prelims 2134

Which of the following statements about ‘Sach-Gaurav’ is correct?
A.
It is an educational program of Ministry of Defence that aims to teach students about service to nation by joining the armed forces.
B.
It is awareness program run by Supreme Court of India for legal aid .
C.
It is the first cloned Assamese buffalo male calf, cloned by National Dairy Research Institute of India.
D.
It is an initiative that aims to fight domestic violence.
Explanation :
The Central Institute for Research on Buffaloes (CIRB) has claimed that India’s first cloned Assamese buffalo male calf ‘Sach-Gaurav’ was born in Hisar, Haryana on December 22, 2017.
The calf was born to a Murrah buffalo through a normal delivery and it was also the first to be born in the field, 100 kms from the cloning laboratory at Hi Tech Sach Dairy Farm.

Prelims 4357

Which of the following statements about Nabakalebar festival is/are correct?
1. It is an ancient festival celebrated at the Jagannath Temple.
2. It is a quadrennial festival that is celebrated in the state of Odisha.
3. In this festival, the Idols of Lord Jagannath, Balabhadra, Subhadra and Sudarshan are replaced with new set of Idols.
Choose the correct answer from the following codes:
A.
1 and 2 Only
B.
1 and 3 Only
C.
2 and 3 Only
D.
1, 2 and 3 Only
Explanation :
The Nabakalebara is an ancient ritual associated with most of the Jagannath Temples.
• This festival is celebrated at the Jagannath Temple in Puri, Odisha.
• In this festival the Idols of Lord Jagannath, Balabhadra, Subhadra and Sudarshan are replaced by a new set of Idols.
• The Deities are made from a special type of Neem wood known as Daru Bramha.
• A year with an extra Ashadha masa/month as per Hindu Calendar is considered auspicious for conducting the ceremony.
• The occasion occurs every 8th, 12th, or 19th year of the previous Nabakalebara.
• Recently, President Ram Nath Kovind has recently released coins in denominations of Rs 10 and Rs 1,000 commemorating Nabakalebara festival of 2015

Prelims 1234

Defence Research and Development Organisation has recently developed ‘Muntra’. Which refers to which of the following?
A.
An anti-missile tank
B.
A radar
C.
A surveillance system
D.
An unmanned tank.
Explanation :
Muntra is the unmanned tank, has three variants – surveillance, mine detection and reconnaissance in areas with nuclear and bio threats. It is likely to be used in Naxal-hit areas.
Muntra-S has been developed for unmanned surveillance missions, whereas Muntra-M is built for detecting mines. Muntra-N, on the other hand, will be deployed in areas where nuclear radiation or bio weapon risk is high.
The vehicle has been tested. Its surveillance radar, which has an integrated camera can be used to spy on ground target 15km away

Prelims 2000

Tropic of Capricorn passes through which of the following countries?
1. Peru
2. Brazil
3. South Africa
4. Australia
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
A.
1, 2 and 3
B.
1, 2 and 4
C.
2, 3 and 4
D.
1, 3 and 4
Explanation :
The line passes through Chile, Argentina, Paraguay, Brazil, Namibia, Botswana,South Africa, Mozambique, Madagascar, Australia and French Polynesia, clipping New Caledonia, Fiji, Tonga and the Cook Islands

Prelims 326

Consider the following pairs:
Committee Objective
1. Butler committee: to clarify the relationship between the British crown and the Princely states.
2. Hunter Committee: to involve more Indians in Civil Service
3. Hartog Committee: spreading English learning and female education in India
Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched?
A.
1 only
B.
1 and 3 only
C.
2 and 3 only
D.
1, 2 and 3
Explanation :
The Indian states committee or Butler committee in 1927 was appointed to investigate and clarify the relationship between the paramount power and the Princes. Pair 1 is correct.
The Hunter Committee was formed to enquire the Punjab wrongs and actions of General Dyer, Hartog Committee was constituted in 1929 to assess the state of education. Pairs 2 and 3 are incorrect.
Sir Charles Wood, the President of the Board of Control of the English East India Company, had an important effect on spreading English learning and female education in India. In 1854 he sent the “Wood’s dispatch” to the Governor General Lord Dalhousie.
The Aitchison Commission (Public Service Commission) was set up in 1886 under the chairmanship of Sir Charles Aitchison to come up with a scheme for fulfilling the claims of Indians to higher and more extensive employment in public service.
Hartog Committee was appointed to survey the growth of education in British India. In 1929, the Hartog Committee submitted its report. It devoted far more attention to mass education than Secondary and University Education. The committee was not satisfied with the scanty growth of literacy in the country and highlighted the problem of ‘Wastage’ and ‘Stagnation’ at the primary level. The Hartog Committee had concentrated its attention more on primary and secondary education and less on university education.

Prelims 308

In medieval India, ‘muqaddams’ and ‘khuts’ are used in context of:
A.
Commercial agent
B.
Decrees issued by the King
C.
Military officers
D.
Village headmen and landlords
Explanation :
Muqaddams referred to village headmen and khuts were smaller landlord who enjoyed a high standard of life than ordinary peasants during Sultanate period

Prelims 307

With reference to Chhau Dance, consider the following statements:
1. It is a dance practised mainly in Western India.
2. It is one of the performing-art forms on UNESCO’s intangible heritage list.
3. Steps and techniques of Pari-khanda, a form of martial art, are used in Chhau.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
A.
3 only
B.
1 and 2 only
C.
2 and 3 only
D.
1, 2 and 3
Explanation :
Chhau dance is a tradition from eastern India that enacts episodes from epics including the Mahabharata and Ramayana, local folklore and abstract themes. Its three distinct styles hail from the regions of Seraikella, Purulia and Mayurbhanj, the first two using masks. Chhau dance is intimately connected to regional festivals, notably the spring festival Chaitra Parva. Hence, statement 1 is incorrect.
Steps and techniques of Pari-khanda, a form of martial art are used in Chhau. It is performed exclusively by men. The dance is performed at night in an open space to traditional and folk melodies, played on the reed pipes ”mohuri” and ”shehnai.” Hence, statement 2 is correct.
This dance form is included in the UNESCO’s Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity. The UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation) inscribes three Indian performing-art forms, the Mudiyettu, a ritual theatre of Kerala; the Chhau dance, a tradition from eastern India; and the Kalbelia folk songs and dances of Rajasthan in the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity. Hence, statement 3 is correct.

Prelims Polity 515

Consider the following statements regarding the Basic Structure of the Constitution:
1. It refers to features of the Constitution that even the Parliament cannot amend.
2. The Supreme Court has defined the Basic Structure of the Constitution in the Kesavananda Bharti judgement.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?
A.
1 only
B.
2 only
C.
Both 1 and 2
D.
Neither 1 nor 2
Explanation :
In the Kesavananda Bharti judgement, the SC has laid down the new doctrine of ‘basic structure’ of the Constitution which constitutes features that cannot be amended even by the Parliament. However, SC has not clearly defined what constitutes Basic Structure but the ‘basic features’ have emerged over various judgements of the SC, including Supremacy of the Constitution, Rule of Law, Federal character etc. (Refer to Laxmikanth)

Prelims Polity 514

Consider the following statements regarding the Second Schedule of the Constitution:
1. Second Schedule contains the Oaths or Affirmations for Ministers, MPs, Judges of SC and HCs etc.
2. It can be amended by simple majority of the Parliament.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?
A.
1 only
B.
2 only
C.
Both 1 and 2
D.
Neither 1 nor 2
Explanation :
The Third Schedule contains the Oaths or Affirmations for Ministers, MPs, Judges of SC and HCs etc. The Second Schedule contains provisions relating to emoluments, privileges etc of President, Governor, Speaker, Judges of SC and HCs etc. Second Schedule can be amended by simple majority of the Parliament

Prelims Polity 513

The office of Secretary of State for India, with complete authority and control over Indian administration, was created by:
A.
Charter Act of 1853
B.
Government of India Act of 1858
C.
Indian Councils Act of 1861
D.
An executive order of the British Government
Explanation :
The office of Secretary of State for India, with complete authority and control over Indian administration, was created by the Government of India Act of 1858. He was a member of the British cabinet and responsible to the British Parliament.