In brief: Internet travel Client-Server Architecture Internet is often defined as a network of networks of computers. Computer connected to the Internet communicate with each other for data exchange under the Client-Server Architecture. Illustration: When you are accessing a mail on Gmail, your computer is a client that wants to access data, information, and other services present on … Continue reading In brief: Internet travel
Headline : Patent challenge mounted against J&J’s attempt to extend monopoly on high-priced anti-TB drug Details : The News Two TB patients have filed a petition challenging Johnson & Johnson’s application for extension of patent for Bedaquiline, the anti-TB drug. Background Drug-resistant TB:The bacteria causing TB have developed Multi-Drug Resistance and Extreme-Drug Resistance even to the … Continue reading Patent challenge mounted against J&J’s attempt to extend monopoly on high-priced anti-TB drug
Headline : Just 2km from landing on Moon, Vikram goes silent Details : In News The Vikram lander of the Chandrayaan-2 failed to make a smooth soft-landing on moon, as it was unable to bring down its speed to the required level. About: Chandrayaan-2 The Chandrayaan-2 Mission was launched in July, 2019 to attempt landing near the … Continue reading Just 2km from landing on Moon, Vikram goes silent
Headline : ISRO’s new commercial arm gets first booking for launch Details : In News NEWSPACE INDIA Limited (NSIL), the newly created second commercial arm of the Indian Space Research Organisation, recently got its first contract.A private US space services provider, Spaceflight, has booked ISRO’s Small Satellite Launch Vehicle (SSLV), which is yet to be tested, … Continue reading Technology: Indian space industry, SSLV, NSIL, Antrix, Indian space industry, Commercial Space Industry, ISRO and Private Sector
Headline : Malaria may get ‘dangerous’ tag, but there’s nothing to worry about Details : In News Malaria may soon be re-categorised as a ‘dangerous disease’ like tuberculosis, plague, small pox or leprosy in the capital.The re-categorisation is taking place not because the disease has acquired an epidemic proportion or a new dangerous strain has been … Continue reading Malaria: About National Framework for Malaria Elimination (NFME), National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme,
Headline : China, Russia, France share satellite data on Assam floods Details : In News: The above-average rainfall has led to floods in Assam, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh, with Assam being the hardest hit. India has acquired satellite imagery related to floods from eight international space agencies, due to its membership of the International Charter Space and … Continue reading China, Russia, France share satellite data on Assam floods,UN-SPIDER, International Charter Space and Major Disasters
Headline : How will India contribute to LIGO? Details : Context: LIGO India project is coming up in Maharashtra, near Aundha in Hingoli district. This article explain about the LIGO projects across the world, their significance and India's part in the global LIGO project. Telegram: https://t.me/SimplifiedIAS Background In September 2015, LIGO’s US detectors made the first … Continue reading How will India contribute to LIGO?
Headline : Mobile scheme to quit tobacco has over 2 million users in India Details : In News: The World Health Organization (WHO) has recently released its 7th report on global tobacco epidemic. The report analyses national efforts to implement the most effective measures from the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC). About: … Continue reading Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC)
Headline : Ban or regulate? Editorial 29th Jul'19 TheHindu Details : Use of Cryptocurrencies at this moment in a bit shady: Bitcoin, the most prominent among cryptocurrencies, has fluctuated wildly in value, even over short periods of time. As per some analysts, for now, “speculation remains Bitcoin’s primary use case”. Its use in illegal online marketplaces … Continue reading Ban or regulate? Editorial 29th Jul’19 TheHindu
Headline : Hepatitis B and C major killers, but few know it Details : In News: On the World Hepatitis Day, the Union health minister pledged to join a campaign initiated by the Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences (ILBS) to create awareness about the disease. Context of the topic: In India, more people are dying … Continue reading Everything about Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C
Bubble boy syndrome # It is also called severe combined immunodeficiency, it is a rare genetic disorder that results in a defective immune system in baby boys. How is it caused? It results from a genetic defect in the X-Chromosome and therefore called X-linked SCID The defective X-chromosome lacks in the gene that forms the … Continue reading SciTech – Current Affairs
Headline : Explained: What makes PSLV-C45 special Details : In News: ISRO has successfully launched the PSLV-C45 ferrying satellites to multiple orbits in a single launch. About PSLV-C45 PSLV-C45 mission involved launching of following satellites in 3 different orbits EMISAT - 749 km 28 foreign satellites – 504 km Experimental satellites – 485 km … Continue reading In Brief :about PSLV-C45, It’s features and Multiple orbit launch
Headline : PSLV to launch military’s eye in the sky Details : The News ISRO will launch India’s first electronic intelligence satellite, EMISAT onboard PSLV-C45. PSLV-C45 Mission PSLV-C45 mission, for the first time, will launch satellites in 3 different orbits EMISAT, electronic intelligence satellite in the low earth orbit, 749 km above the surface of … Continue reading Everything about EMISAT: Electronic Intelligence Satellite, PSLV-C45 Mission
Lok Sabha Passes Bill Banning Commercial Surrogacy Details : The News The Lok Sabha has passed the Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill 2016 that seeks to put a blanket ban on commercial surrogacy and regulate altruistic surrogacy in India. The bill was cleared by the Union cabinet in March 2018 after the recommendations of a Parliamentary Standing … Continue reading Everything about Commercial Surrogacy
Headline : Successful anti-satellite missile test puts India in elite club Details : In News India successfully conducted an Anti-Satellite (ASAT) missile test, named Mission Shakti, becoming the fourth country in the world to demonstrate the capability to shoot down satellites in orbit. News Summary Under Mission Shakti, India demonstrated the capability to destroy a satellite … Continue reading Everything about Mission Shakti
Headline : Prelims Program: National Innovations on Climate Resilient Agriculture (NICRA) Details : Climate change: Problems faced in India Climate Change, caused by the increased concentration of greenhouse gases (GHGs) in the atmosphere, has emerged as the most prominent global environmental problem. Most of the countries including India are facing the problems of rising temperature, melting of … Continue reading Prelims Program: National Innovations on Climate Resilient Agriculture (NICRA)
Headline : A-SAT tech gives India diplomatic bargaining power Editorial 28th Mar'19 LiveMint Details : Anti-Satellite (ASAT) missile test: India has successfully conducted an Anti-Satellite (ASAT) missile test. Conducting the test under Mission Shakti, India demonstrated the capability to destroy a satellite in the low earth orbit (LEO) at about 300 km above the earth's surface, using an … Continue reading A-SAT tech gives India diplomatic bargaining power Editorial 28th Mar’19 LiveMint
National Policy on Software Product 2019 National Policy on Software Product 2019 is a basic roadmap for formulation of initiatives, schemes and other measures for the development of software products sector in India Funding It involves an initial outlay of Rs.1500 crore for various schemes till 2025. Software Product Development Fund: of Rs 5000 … Continue reading National Policy on Software Product 2019
India will launch electronic intelligence satellite Emisat on April 1
• It is a chronic infective eye disease caused by infection with the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis which is transmitted through contact with eye and nose discharge of infected people, particularly young children who are most vulnerable to the infection. • It is also spread by flies which come in contact with the infected person and … Continue reading What is Trachoma?
Approach Introduce by mentioning the need for biotechnology in agriculture and allied sectors Explain how biotechnology can be used in agriculture and allied sectors. Conclude appropriately. Model Answer : Agriculture along with its allied sectors is the largest source of livelihood in India. Biotechnology can be instrumental in improving productivity and modernising these sectors. The … Continue reading Discuss the applications of biotechnology in the agriculture and allied sectors.
• Chandrayaan-2, the lunar mission, will be launched in April this year. • Under this mission ISRO for the first time will attempt to land a rover on the Moon's south pole. • In Chandrayaan-1 mission, ISRO has spotted water on the moon. • Chandrayaan-2 is a further extension of the project as it also involves … Continue reading Everything about Chandrayaan-2
Q16. Epidermis on the aerial parts of the plant often secretes a waxy layer to protect against: A. Loss of water B. Mechanical injury C. Invasion by parasitic fungi D. All of the above Answer: D Exp: The outermost layer of cells is known as epidermis. The epidermis is usually made of a single layer … Continue reading Quiz- Q16. Epidermis on the aerial parts of the plant often secretes a waxy layer to protect against:
Artificial Intelligence • It is a term coined in 1956 by John McCarthy at the Dartmouth conference, Massachusetts Institute of Technology. • It is an area of computer science that emphasises on the creation of intelligent machines that work and react like humans. • Some of the activities which computers with artificial intelligence are designed, … Continue reading Artificial Intelligence and it’s application
• Indian Air Force is phasing out the Mi-8 helicopters. • Mi-8 helicopter has been used in numerous operations, missions, expeditions and movements conducted by IAF. • Most of the Indian Air Force Officials have called the helicopter 'iconic'. Mi-8 helicopters • They are a utility and medium sized assault helicopter. Induction in IAF • … Continue reading Everything about Mi8 Helicopter
What is a missile? A missile is essentially a sophisticated bomb which after being released is governed by the laws of ballistics. The laws of ballistics means only the force of gravity acts upon it. It can be made more accurate and faster by attaching a propulsion system to the bomb and then it is … Continue reading Everything about Missiles
Air to air refuelling It is also known as Aerial refuelling, air refuelling, in-flight refuelling and tanking. It is the process of transferring aviation fuel from one military aircraft to another during flight. During air-to-air refuelling, both aircraft must maintain accurate flying parameters. The two main refuelling systems are: Probe-and-drogue: It requires exceptional flying skills as … Continue reading Everything about Aerial Refueling
The global figures • The report shows that there were 5 million more malaria cases in 2016 than in 2015. • The estimated global tally of malaria deaths reached 445,000 in 2016 compared to 446,000 the previous year. • The African Region continues to bear an estimated 90% of all malaria cases and deaths worldwide. … Continue reading Everything about World Malaria Report 2017 by WHO
Introduction • The national health policy had aimed at eliminating filariasis by 2015 but the deadline was extended to 2017 and now has been shifted to 2020. • But India is likely to miss the target date of stamping out elephantiasis or lymphatic filariasis. Filariasis • Filariasis, called hathipaon (elephant foot) locally, can cause limbs, … Continue reading Lymphatic Filariasis
Brahmos: • It is a medium-range ramjet supersonic cruise missile that can be launched from submarine, ships, aircraft or land. • It is a joint venture between the Russia's NPO Mashinostroeyenia and India's Defence Research and Development Organisation. • It has derived its name from the names of two rivers, the Brahmaputra of India and … Continue reading Everything about Brahmos
TRAPPIST-1: It is an ultra-cool dwarf star about 40 light years away, located in the constellation Aquarius. It is named after the telescope that discovered this system - TRAPPIST (Transiting Planets and Planetesimals Small Telescop) in Chile. The planets have sizes and masses comparable to the Earth and Venus. It is an ultra-cool star (unlike … Continue reading TRAPPIST-1:
How is atomic bomb different from hydrogen bomb? A hydrogen bomb, also called a thermonuclear bomb or an H-bomb. It is far more powerful than the relatively simple atomic weapons. It uses a second stage of reactions to magnify the force of an atomic explosion. The second stage is fusion. Fusion is mashing hydrogen atoms … Continue reading How is atomic bomb different from hydrogen bomb?
Dhruv: Dhruv has been indigenously designed and developed by the HAL, and is powered by the Shakti engine jointly developed with Turbomeca of France. It is a twin engine, multi-role, multi-mission new generation helicopter. It is superior to the other helicopters used by the Army such as Cheetah and Chetak, both of which have single … Continue reading Dhruv:
Biofilms: A biofilm is an assemblage of microbial cells that is irreversibly associated (not removed by gentle rinsing) with a surface and enclosed in a matrix of primarily polysaccharide material. Van Leeuwenhoek, using his simple microscopes, first observed microorganisms on tooth surfaces and can be credited with the discovery of microbial biofilms. Microorganisms that form … Continue reading Biofilms
Solar storms: It could refer to the following: Coronal mass ejection: Corona, the outer solar atmosphere, is structured by strong magnetic fields. Where these fields are closed, often above sunspot groups, the confined solar atmosphere can suddenly and violently release bubbles of gas and magnetic fields called coronal mass ejections. Solar flares: These are intense burst of … Continue reading Solar storms:
H1N1 Flu: It is a respiratory disease caused by a strain of the influenza type A virus known as H1N1. H1N1 Flu is also known as swine flu. It is called swine flu because in the past the people who caught it had direct contact with pigs. It can be transmitted from one person to … Continue reading H1N1 Flu:
How will NSG membership help India? Clean energy push: India is a growing country with massive energy needs. It has set for itself an ambitious goal of sourcing 40% of its power from non-fossil sources and here is where nuclear energy comes into play. India will need latest technology and NSG membership will come in … Continue reading How will NSG membership help India?
Hyperloop: It is a system where magnetically levitating capsules are sent at high speeds through low-pressure tubes. It was entrepreneur Elon Musk who came up with the idea for a hyperloop. The Hyperloop project is being pegged as a mode of transport different from rail, mainly due to following reasons: It is said to be … Continue reading Hyperloop
Organic Farming Organic farming is a combination of tradition, innovation and science. It is a production system that relies on the use of natural inputs that are suitable to local environment, rather than using synthetic chemicals with adverse effects. In the transition from conventional to organic farming, synthetic chemical fertilizers are replaced with natural inputs … Continue reading Evetything about Organic Farming
Neutrino Very similar to electrons Second most abundant particles after photon Don’t carry any charge Are not massless Neutrinos are miniscule particles created in nuclear reactions, such as in the birth and death of sun and the stars, or in nuclear power plants. Neutrinos interact with matter via the weak force. The weakness of this … Continue reading Neutrino and Indian Neutrino Observatory
To suppress wild female Aedes aegypti mosquito populations that cause dengue, chikungunya and Zika were launched in Maharashtra’s Jalna district. The technology uses genetically modified male Aedes aegypti mosquitoes that carry a dominant lethal gene. When male GM mosquitoes mate with wild female mosquitoes the lethal gene is passed on to offspring. The lethal gene in the offspring kills the … Continue reading GM mosquitoes
Measles Measles is a deadly disease and one of the important causes of death in children. It is highly contagious and spreads through coughing and sneezing of an infected person. Measles can make a child vulnerable to life threatening complications such as pneumonia, diarrhoea and brain infection. Globally, in 2015, measles killed an estimated 1, … Continue reading Measles and Rubella
What is Human embryo? An embryo is an early stage of development of a multicellular diploid eukaryotic organism. In general, in organisms that reproduce sexually, an embryo develops from a zygote, the single cell resulting from the fertilization of the female egg cell by the male sperm cell. The zygote possesses half the DNA of … Continue reading What is Human embryo?