Headline : Prelims Program: Map- Middle East

Headline : Prelims Program: Map- Middle East Details : Middle East The Middle East is a transcontinental region centered on Western Asia, Turkey (both Asian and European), and Egypt (which is mostly in North Africa). Arabian peninsula is the largest in the world. In the eastern parts there is salt desert, western parts there is sandy … Continue reading Headline : Prelims Program: Map- Middle East

About National Stem Cell Registry

About National Stem Cell Registry It will be a government managed database of unrelated bone-marrow donors. The database will be created by linking 5 existing stem cell registries in India. It is being set up primarily to find matching donors for treating patients with blood-related disorders such as blood cancers (lymphoma, leukemia) thalassaemia, sickle-cell anaemia, haemophilia The database … Continue reading About National Stem Cell Registry

About: South China Sea (SCS)

It is one of the busiest waterways of the world connecting Asia with Europe and Africa.One third of global shipping, or a total of US$3.37 trillion of international trade, passes through the South China Sea.Its seabed is rich with natural resources like oil and natural gas. The US Energy Information Administration estimates the area contains at least … Continue reading About: South China Sea (SCS)

About REITs

About REITs REITs are investment vehicles that own, operate and manage a portfolio of income-generating properties for regular returns. These are usually commercial properties (offices, shopping centres, hotels etc.) that generate rental income. An REIT works very much like a mutual fund. It pools funds from a number of investors and invests them in rent-generating … Continue reading About REITs

In focus: Space Debris from Mission Shakti

In focus: Space Debris from Mission Shakti Findings NASA has identified that India’s A-SAT missile test has generated around 400 pieces of pace debris. 60 are larger than 10cm in size and 24 are identified by NASA as potential threat to International Space Station (ISS) orbiting at the height of 410 km. NASA’s concern: Threat … Continue reading In focus: Space Debris from Mission Shakti

About Hyper-Spectral Imaging

About Hyper-Spectral Imaging Working • Hyper-Spectral Imaging is a combination of spectroscopy and digital imaging. • The sensors or cameras, mounted on UAVs, will take images in two wavelengths of the electro-magnetic spectrum, namely ‘visible light’ and ‘infrared’. • The images so takes will be run through ‘deep learning’ algorithms to process them into usable data. • The data so processed is then … Continue reading About Hyper-Spectral Imaging

In focus: Titan

In focus: Titan Introduction Titan is the only moon of Saturn that has a size comparable to that of our own moon. It is the second largest moon in our solar system after Ganymede of Jupiter.   Features Thick atmosphere Titan is the only moon that has a thick atmosphere. (about 200 km) The atmosphere … Continue reading In focus: Titan

About Sir Chhotu Ram (1881-1945)

About Sir Chhotu Ram (1881-1945)   Background In the early 19th century India witnessed immense agricultural indebtedness. With 2.3 million acres under agriculture in 1901-1902, Punjab was primarily an agricultural economy. Chhotu Ram is regarded as the champion of peasantry. He sought to empower peasantry politically, socially and economically. He also served as a distinguished … Continue reading About Sir Chhotu Ram (1881-1945)

How stock markets really work?

Headline : How stock markets really work? Details : What is Market Capitalisation? Market capitalisation or value is the price of individual shares multiplied by total number of shares in the issue. Companies have a dominant shareholder, which can be the government or some promoting group or a business family. Remaining shares are held by institutions … Continue reading How stock markets really work?

About Generations of Internet

About Generations of Internet The mobile wireless Generation (G) generally refers to a change in the nature of the system, speed, technology, frequency, data capacity, latency etc. Each generation has some standards, different capacities, new techniques and new features which differentiate it from the previous one. The journey of mobile wireless communication began with 1G … Continue reading About Generations of Internet

What is share buyback?

Headline : What is share buyback? Details : Why in news? With prominent companies such as Infosys, TCS and L&T having gone for a share buyback, here is a low-down on the mechanism and the reasons for firms taking such a step. What is a buyback? A buyback is a mechanism through which a listed company buys … Continue reading What is share buyback?

Angkor Wat Temple

Angkor: Angkor, in Cambodia’s northern province of Siem Reap, is one of the most important archaeological sites of Southeast Asia. It was the capital of the Khmer Empire, which flourished from approximately the 9th to the 15th centuries. It contains the magnificent remains of the different capitals of the Khmer Empire. They include the famous … Continue reading Angkor Wat Temple

2023 to be celebrated as international year of millets

Headline : 2023 to be celebrated as international year of millets Details : The News Acting on India’s proposal, the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) of the United Nations has agreed to celebrate ‘International Year of Millets’ in 2023   What are millets? Millet is a common term to categorize small-seeded grasses that are often termed … Continue reading 2023 to be celebrated as international year of millets

Hybrid material 

Why in News? The researchers of the Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER) synthesised a  hydrophobic (water hating) hybrid molecular material.   Hybrid material  The material was synthesised by combining polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS) and diphenylalanine. The POSS molecule has unique properties of high thermal stability and fire retarding ability. Both POSS and … Continue reading Hybrid material 

In brief: Cruise Missiles v/s Ballistic Missiles

About Nirbhay Nirbhay is the long range sub-sonic cruise missile. It is 1st indigenously developed long range cruise missile flying at low altitudes. It is designed and developed by Advanced Defence Establishment of DRDO. It will arm the army, the navy and the air force. Features It flies at subsonic speeds of 0.7 mach. (speed of … Continue reading In brief: Cruise Missiles v/s Ballistic Missiles

Kavirajamargam and Vaddaradhane

Kavirajamargam Kavirajamargam (The Way of the King of Poets) was authored by Srivijaya. The work dates back to the 9th century. It has been translated by R.V.S. Sundaram and Deven M. Patel. Kavirajamargam is an extant work of early Kannada. It is regarded as one of the early works to address literary culture from a … Continue reading Kavirajamargam and Vaddaradhane

Headline : Wars of the currency kind

Headline : Wars of the currency kind Details : Context Recently, RBI Governor Urjit Patel warned that the global trade war could escalate into a currency war. Trade Wars: A Background A trade war is when countries try to attack each other's trade with taxes and quotas. Trade wars erupt when countries impose tit-for-tat tariffs on … Continue reading Headline : Wars of the currency kind

Headline : Wars of the currency kind

Headline : Wars of the currency kind Details : Context Recently, RBI Governor Urjit Patel warned that the global trade war could escalate into a currency war. Trade Wars: A Background A trade war is when countries try to attack each other's trade with taxes and quotas. Trade wars erupt when countries impose tit-for-tat tariffs on … Continue reading Headline : Wars of the currency kind

Dear Zindagi Quotes: Keep this in Mind

“Don’t let your past blackmail your present, to ruin your beautiful future“Kabhi kabhi hum mushkil rasta sirf is liye chunte hai, kyun ki humein lagta hai, important cheezein paane ke liye humein mushkil rasta apnana chahiye. Apne aap ko punish karna bahut zaroori samajhte hai. But why? Aasaan rasta kyun nahi chun sakte? Kya burai … Continue reading Dear Zindagi Quotes: Keep this in Mind

About Sickle-Cell Disease

About Sickle-Cell Disease The Red Blood Cells in the blood contains a protein called hemoglobin, which carries oxygen throughout the body. Normally,  hemoglobin is smooth, round, disk-shaped and flexible, allowing the RBCs to flow smoothly through our bloodstreams. In case of patients with sickle-cell disease, the gene that codes for hemoglobin is genetically mutated making the … Continue reading About Sickle-Cell Disease

About Multidimensional Poverty Index

About Multidimensional Poverty Index The Global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) was developed in 2010 by the Oxford Poverty & Human Development Initiative (OPHI) and the United Nations Development Programme. It replaced the previous Human Poverty Index. The global MPI is released annually by OPHI and the results published on its website. It is an international … Continue reading About Multidimensional Poverty Index

About: Exotic live species

About: Exotic live species According to the advisory, the phrase “exotic live species” includes animals named under the Appendices I, II and III of the Convention of International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora.It does not include species from the Schedules of the Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972.Approximately 5,800 species of animals and 30,000 … Continue reading About: Exotic live species

Virtual Autopsy: No cuts to body, no hurt feelings

Headline : Virtual Autopsy: No cuts to body, no hurt feelings Details : The News Forensic medicine team at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences is starting an experiment for virtual Autopsy. The project will be funded by ICMR under its new initiative to select 10 projects for funding under ‘Centre for Advanced Research and … Continue reading Virtual Autopsy: No cuts to body, no hurt feelings

In Focus: Overseas Citizenship of India

The Overseas Citizenship of India (OCI) is an immigration status permitting a foreign citizen of Indian origin to live and work in India indefinitely.It was introduced by The Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2005, in response to the demands for dual citizenship by the Indian diaspora, particularly in developed countries. Eligibility: To apply for and use an OCI document, … Continue reading In Focus: Overseas Citizenship of India

In focus: Pseudomonas putida (CSV86)

In focus: Pseudomonas putida (CSV86) Introduction Pseudomonas putidais a soil and water bacterium that thrives on organic compounds. They usually use carbon-based energy sources in plant roots for their metabolism. Usually these bacteria breakdown simple hydrocarbons like glucose for energy. The new strain CSV86 discovered have been found to breakdown complex hydrocarbons such as aromatic compounds. Process … Continue reading In focus: Pseudomonas putida (CSV86)

Headline : What does the falling rupee mean for you and economy?

Headline : What does the falling rupee mean for you and economy? Details : Context Since the beginning of 2018 rupee has fallen by about 6 per cent in value against the US dollar hovering past ₹70 to a dollar.   What is meant by Depreciation of Rupee? Rupee is said have depreciated if we end … Continue reading Headline : What does the falling rupee mean for you and economy?

In Focus: S&P Global Ratings

Global ratings agency S&P has retained India’s sovereign credit rating at BBB (minus) with a stable outlook for the 13th year in a row.The rating agency had in 2007 assigned a ‘BBB-’ rating to India and has been maintaining a stable outlook on India since September 2014.It pointed out that ongoing economic reforms, if executed well, should keep … Continue reading In Focus: S&P Global Ratings

Gond tribe

Gond tribe They are the tribal community mostly found in the Gond forests of the central India. They are widely spread in the states of Madhya Pradesh, Chattisgarh,  Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh and Orissa. The name by which the Gonds call themselves is Koi or Koitur which means unclear. Gonds are one of the largest tribal … Continue reading Gond tribe

Single mothers head 4.5% of all Indian households

Headline : Single mothers head 4.5% of all Indian households Details :   In News UN Women has released its flagship report ‘Progress of the world’s women 2019–2020: Families in a changing world’. It assesses the reality of families today in the context of sweeping economic, demographic, political, and social transformation. It also analyses key issues … Continue reading Single mothers head 4.5% of all Indian households

Drugs used in India to treat Covid-19

Remdesivir Remdesivir, which inhibits (prevents) viral replication, is an antiviral drug first developed for treating Ebola in 2014. It is one of the possible Covid-19 treatments being investigated in the WHO’s Solidarity Trial.Last month, the US National Institutes of Allergies and Infectious Diseases released preliminary trial results showing recovery time of Covid patients given remdesivir improved from … Continue reading Drugs used in India to treat Covid-19

About New- generation anti-radiation missile (NGARM)

About New- generation anti-radiation missile (NGARM) NGARM is the first air-to-surface missile completely designed and developed by DRDO. The missile is capable of destroying enemy radars, tracking systems and communication facilities. It will be mounted on the combat aircraft of the IAF such as Sukhoi Su-30MKI and HAL Tejas. It can be launched from different altitudes … Continue reading About New- generation anti-radiation missile (NGARM)

Figuring out COVID-19 terminology

Over the past few months, we have learnt about many scientific terms in relation to COVID-19.This is like a revision of glossary of terms that are being used now regularly. The disease and its spreadCOVID-19: It is name given by the World Health Organization (WHO) to the disease, that has become a global pandemic.The coronavirus disease 2019 was abbreviated … Continue reading Figuring out COVID-19 terminology

About: Archaeological Survey of India (ASI), Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act, 1958

About: Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI), under the Ministry of Culture, is the premier organization for the archaeological researches and protection of the cultural heritage of the nation.Maintenance of ancient monuments and archaeological sites and remains of national importance is the prime concern of the ASI.It regulates all archaeological activities … Continue reading About: Archaeological Survey of India (ASI), Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act, 1958

How India and Australia have elevated their ties Editorial 7th Jun’20 HindustanTimes

India-Australia Comprehensive Strategic Partnership: India and Australia agreed on Comprehensive Strategic Partnership at Virtual Leaders’ Summit between Prime Ministers Narendra Modi and Scott Morrison.The increased cooperation between the two countries and the trust and confidence made it possible to take the partnership to the next level.The new next level partnership reflects a historic high point … Continue reading How India and Australia have elevated their ties Editorial 7th Jun’20 HindustanTimes

Endosulfan Pollution: A backgrounder

Endosulfan Pollution: A backgrounder Endosulfan is an organochlorine compound present in several pesticides used on crops like cashew, cotton, tea, paddy, fruits. Staring from 1978, endosulfan was aerially sprayed in the cashew plantations of Kasaragod district of Kerala as insecticide. By 1990s, in more than 20 gram panchayats in Kasargod district, endosulfan had caused serious illnesses to animals and … Continue reading Endosulfan Pollution: A backgrounder

Headline : Understanding bad loans

Headline : Understanding bad loans Details : Context Former RBI Governor Raghuram Rajan explains the reason behind bad loans.   Highlights of the news Gross Non-performing Assets (NPAs) of banks rose to Rs 10.3 lakh crore in FY18, or 11.2% of advances. Banks wrote off a record Rs 1.44 lakh crore of bad loans in 2017-18. … Continue reading Headline : Understanding bad loans

How India’s economy can gain from opportunities thrown up after Covid Editorial 1st Jun’20 LiveMint

Covid-19 impacted the economy hard: Given India's population density and modest health infrastructure, the government had no option but to order a complete lockdown when coronavirus reached India’s shores.As the country stayed indoors, the economy was dealt a crushing blow. Preparing for post-Covid world: While both the central government and the Reserve Bank of India … Continue reading How India’s economy can gain from opportunities thrown up after Covid Editorial 1st Jun’20 LiveMint

In Focus: GAVI, the Vaccine Alliance

Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance is a public-private global health partnership with the goal of increasing access to immunisation in poor countries.The Alliance brings together countries which introduce vaccines, donors, the WHO which sets standards for vaccines, manufacturers, UNICEF which manages procurement, the World Bank which manages funds and civil society which holds others to account.GAVI's … Continue reading In Focus: GAVI, the Vaccine Alliance

About World Environment Day

About World Environment Day World Environment Day is the largest celebration of environment started in 1974. It is celebrated on 5 June every year to spread awareness about the importance of environment and measure to be adopted to save it. UNEP provides leadership and encourages partnership among governments, the private sector, civil society and with … Continue reading About World Environment Day

What is the GDP deflator?

Headline : What is the GDP deflator? Details : Gross Domestic product (GDP) GDP and its calculation Gross domestic product (GDP) is the market value of all final goods and services produced within the national borders of a country for a given period of time. As per National Income Accounting there are 3 ways to compute … Continue reading What is the GDP deflator?

In Brief: Wildlife Crimes

In Brief: Wildlife Crimes Section 2(37) of the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972, defines ‘wildlife’ to include any animal, aquatic or land vegetation which forms part of any habitat. Wildlife crime can be defined as taking, possession, trade or movement, processing, consumption of wild animals and plants or their derivatives in contravention of any international, regional, or national … Continue reading In Brief: Wildlife Crimes

Headline : BASICS: Understanding inflation

Headline : BASICS: Understanding inflation Details : Why in News? India’s headline inflation measured by the Wholesale Price Index (WPI) rose 5.77% on a year-on-year basis to a 54-month high in June 2018.   Basic information: What is inflation? Inflation is defined as a sustained increase in the general level of prices for goods and services … Continue reading Headline : BASICS: Understanding inflation

Gangetic Dolphin protection

  Measures Proposed for Gangetic Dolphin protection: The Ministry of Shipping has proposed mitigation measures based on Comprehensive Environmental and Social lmpact Assessment (ESIA) study on National Waterway-I including on stretches falling within VGDS. Vessel speed would be restricted to 2.7 knots in Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary (VGDS) area to reduce the noise generation from propeller. … Continue reading Gangetic Dolphin protection

Simply Put: Why a currency war is a worry

Headline : Simply Put: Why a currency war is a worry Details : Context Recently, the RBI Governor warned that trade wars among various countries may lead to a currency war. What is Currency War? Currency war is a situation when economies, in order to maintain and preserve their export competitiveness, manage the exchange rates vis-à-vis … Continue reading Simply Put: Why a currency war is a worry

Pushkaram

Pushkaram: Pushkaram is an Indian festival dedicated to worshiping of rivers. Celebrations/ceremonies include ancestor worship, devotional music and cultural programmes, spiritual discourses. It is also known as Pushkaralu (in Telugu), Pushkara or Pushkar. Hindus believe that taking a dip in the river during Pushkaram would wipe off all the sins. Happens each year at one … Continue reading Pushkaram

How Covid-19 lockdowns have impacted the global energy sector

The International Energy Agency (IEA) has released a report, Global Energy Review 2020, detailing the impact of Covid-19 on global energy demands and CO2 Report Summary: Covid-19 impact on global energy demands: Decline in overall Energy demand:The IEA is forecasting a 6% decline in energy demand for the year.In absolute terms this is the largest on … Continue reading How Covid-19 lockdowns have impacted the global energy sector

About: Locusts

About: Locusts Locusts are a group of short-horned grasshoppers, that are about the length of 6-8 centimeters.According to the FAO, eggs can hatch in about two weeks, with locusts maturing to adulthood in two to four months on average.They multiply in numbers as they migrate long distances in destructive swarms (up to 150 km in one day), which … Continue reading About: Locusts

Whaling

Whaling: Whaling is the hunting of whales for their usable products such as meat and blubber, which can be turned into a type of oil which became increasingly important in the Industrial Revolution. Whaling is the hunting of whales for their usable products such as meat and blubber, which can be turned into a type … Continue reading Whaling

About New English School (NES) and About Deccan Education Society (DES)

About New English School (NES): Establishment: Vishnu Krushna Chiplunkar, who is remembered as the poet of Maharashtra’s nationalist revival for his ornate literary style, quit government service in 1879 and issued a call for the creation of a school run by Indians. Bal Gangadhar ‘Lokmanya’ Tilak, with Mahadev Ballal Namjoshi, volunteered as charter members of the … Continue reading About New English School (NES) and About Deccan Education Society (DES)

The five Ps of disaster management Editorial 26th May’20 HindustanTimes

The five Ps of disaster management Editorial 26th May'20 HindustanTimes Destruction caused by Amphan cyclone: Amphan was the first super-cyclone in the Bay of Bengal after 1999 (ie, wind speeds beyond 220 kph).West Bengal chief minister (CM) even called Amphan “a bigger disaster than Covid-19”.In less than two days, Bengal lost an estimated Rs 1 lakh crore.The … Continue reading The five Ps of disaster management Editorial 26th May’20 HindustanTimes

In brief: Most Trafficked Species

In brief: Most Trafficked Species More than 6,000 turtles and tortoises are smuggled every year through Malaysia, India, or Bangladesh. Indian Star tortoise Most trafficked tortoise High demand as exotic pet Found in abundance in scrub jungles across the southern peninsula Smuggled from Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and Karnataka to Southeast Asia via Chennai Covered under … Continue reading In brief: Most Trafficked Species

What is a World Heritage Site?

Importance What is a World Heritage Site? A World Heritage Site is a place on earth having a special cultural or physical significance and outstanding universal value to the humanity. It may be a building, a city, a complex, a desert, a forest, an island, a lake, a monument, or a mountain. They have been … Continue reading What is a World Heritage Site?

In focus: Impatiens in India

In focus: Impatiens in India Introduction Impatiens is a group of about 1000 angiosperms (flowering plants) species. They are commonly known by different names including balsams, touch me not, jewel weed etc. Distribution Impatiens is distributed in the tropical, sub-tropical and northern temperate regions of the world. It is found mainly in India, China and … Continue reading In focus: Impatiens in India

About Victorian structures and Art Deco Buildings

About Victorian structures and Art Deco Buildings The Victorian buildings are amongst the finest and most cohesive group of 19th century Victorian Gothic in the world. The Art Deco of the 20th century is the second largest and homogenous collections in the world. The eastern edge of the property is defined by Mahatma Gandhi Marg and Shyama … Continue reading About Victorian structures and Art Deco Buildings

About United Nations Security Council (UNSC)

About United Nations Security Council (UNSC) The United Nations Security Council has primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security. It has 15 Members, and each Member has one vote. There are five permanent members: China, France, Russian Federation, the United Kingdom, and the United States, and 10 non-permanent members elected for two-year terms … Continue reading About United Nations Security Council (UNSC)

Flood Hazard Atlas

Floods in Odisha The entire coastal belt of Odisha is vulnerable to both storm surges and river flooding. Also, few districts in the western and southern part of Odisha are prone to flash floods. According to NRSC, about 9% of land in Odisha was affected by floods during 2001-2018. Flood prone rivers of Odisha: Mahanadi, Brahmani, Baitarani, Subarnarekha, Rushikulya, … Continue reading Flood Hazard Atlas

About: Compensatory Afforestation Fund (CAF)

About: Compensatory Afforestation Fund (CAF) A company diverting forest land must provide alternative land to take up compensatory afforestation. The amount to be paid by industry depends on the economic value of the goods and services that the razed forest would have provided. These include timber, bamboo, firewood, carbon sequestration, soil conservation, water recharge, and … Continue reading About: Compensatory Afforestation Fund (CAF)

About United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR)

About United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR) UNDRR was established in 1999 as a dedicated secretariat to facilitate the implementation of the International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (ISDR). Objective: It works towards the substantial reduction of disaster risk and losses to ensure a sustainable future. Mandate: To serve as the focal point in the … Continue reading About United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR)

In Focus: Land Degradation

In Focus: Land Degradation What is Land Degradation? Land Degradation can be termed as the degradation of the quality of land resulting in the reduction of fertility and crop production capacity of the land. Land degradation is driven by both by changes in climate or human activities. Globally, nearly one-third of the total geographical area … Continue reading In Focus: Land Degradation

In focus: Threat to Great Indian Bustard

In focus: Threat to Great Indian Bustard Introduction The Great Indian Bustard in India has witnessed a rapid decline in their numbers from 1500-2000 in the 1980s to barely 150 left currently.   About Great Indian Bustard Introduction The Great Indian Bustard is the flagship grassland species of India. It is one of the largest flying birds in the … Continue reading In focus: Threat to Great Indian Bustard

About: Char Dham Highway Project

About: Char Dham Highway Project The Chardham Mahamarg Vikas Pariyojna, or the Chardham highway project, is an initiative to improve connectivity to the Char Dham pilgrimage centres (Gangotri, Yamunotri, Kedarnath and Badrinath) in the Himalayas. The Prime Minister had launched the construction of the Char Dham Mahamarg in December, 2016, as a tribute to those … Continue reading About: Char Dham Highway Project

Advanced Towed Artillery Gun System (ATAGS)

News Summary: During the firing trial at Pokhran ranges, ATAGS has covered the longest ever distance of 48 kms. It has surpassed the maximum ranges of 35-40 kms fired by any artillery gun system in this category. The record was achieved with special ammunition, “high explosive – base bleed” (HE – BB). The next round … Continue reading Advanced Towed Artillery Gun System (ATAGS)

In Focus: Land Degradation

In Focus: Land Degradation What is Land Degradation? Land Degradation can be termed as the degradation of the quality of land resulting in the reduction of fertility and crop production capacity of the land. Land degradation is driven by both by changes in climate or human activities. Globally, 24 billion tonnes of fertile soil and … Continue reading In Focus: Land Degradation

About: Trouts

About: Trouts Mahaseer, Snow trout and Indian hill trout are the principle indigenous cold water fish species inhabiting the mountain waters of India. Snow trouts are found in snow fed streams of Assam, Eastern Himalayas, Sikkim, Nepal, Kashmir. Normally trout is a fish of perennial mountain streams of clear cool water of high oxygen content and … Continue reading About: Trouts

About: Trouts

About: Trouts Mahaseer, Snow trout and Indian hill trout are the principle indigenous cold water fish species inhabiting the mountain waters of India. Snow trouts are found in snow fed streams of Assam, Eastern Himalayas, Sikkim, Nepal, Kashmir. Normally trout is a fish of perennial mountain streams of clear cool water of high oxygen content and … Continue reading About: Trouts

Microplastics

What are Microplastics? Plastic debris that is less than five millimeters in length is called “microplastics.”   Types and sources of Microplastics: Primary Microplastics: These are the microplastics which have been made as plastics less than 5mm in length. Microbeads are the type of primary microplastics which are less than 1mm in length. They are … Continue reading Microplastics

About: SO2 Pollution

Headline : Coal-based power makes India largest SO2 emitter in world Details : In News: Greenpeace India has come up with a new report on sulphur dioxide pollution using NASA data from the OMI (Ozone Monitoring Instrument) satellite. As per the report, India is the world's largest emitter of anthropogenic sulphur dioxide (SO2), which is produced … Continue reading About: SO2 Pollution

In focus: Fall Armyworm: A major food security threat

In focus: Fall Armyworm: A major food security threat Introduction Fall Armyworm is an invasive agricultural pest that affects multiple crops (about 80 crops) ranging from maize to sugarcane, rice, vegetables etc. It is native to tropical and sub-tropical Americas especially Brazil. Since it was first discovered in Nigeria in West Africa, it has spread … Continue reading In focus: Fall Armyworm: A major food security threat

Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972

Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 The Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 is an Act of the Parliament of India enacted for protection of plants and animal species. The Act provides for the protection of wild animals, birds and plants; and for matters connected there with or ancillary or incidental thereto. Reforms done under the Act: Increase in … Continue reading Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972

Headline : Is seawater the ultimate answer?

Headline : Is seawater the ultimate answer? Details : Context of the topic: With reports of major cities in India struggling to stave off a water crisis, there’s talk about exploring technologies to harness fresh water. The one idea that’s been around for a while is desalination, or obtaining freshwater from salt water. The city of Chennai … Continue reading Headline : Is seawater the ultimate answer?

In focus: Electric Vehicle Switch in India

In focus: Electric Vehicle Switch in India Earlier in June 2019, the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways announced the intention to completely switch to electric vehicles only in 2-wheeler and 3-wheeler segment in 4-6 years. The pending notification is seeking to propose sale of only electric vehicles in the 2-wheeler segment under 150cc from … Continue reading In focus: Electric Vehicle Switch in India

About Radio-frequency identification (RFID):

About Radio-frequency identification (RFID): Managing and locating important assets is a key challenge for almost any business. Radio-frequency identification (RFID) uses electromagnetic fields to automatically identify, read and capture information stored on a tag attached to an object. There are two types of RFID Tags: Active RFID Tags: They are typically larger and more expensive … Continue reading About Radio-frequency identification (RFID):

About Heatwaves

About Heatwaves A Heat Wave is a period of abnormally high temperatures, which is more than the normal maximum temperature of a particular place. World Meteorological Organization: Heat wave is a situation when five or more consecutive days during which the daily maximum temperature exceeds the average maximum temperature by five degrees Celsius. The Indian Meteorological … Continue reading About Heatwaves

Why Tigers are important for ecosystem?

Why Tigers are important for ecosystem? Tiger is a top predator which is at the apex of the food chain and keeps the population of wild ungulates in check, thereby maintaining the balance between prey herbivores and the vegetation upon which they feed. The extinction of this top predator is an indication that its ecosystem … Continue reading Why Tigers are important for ecosystem?

About Forest fires

About Forest fires   Definition Forest fire may be defined as an unclosed and freely spreading combustion that consumes the natural fuels and when a fire burns out of control it is known as Wild Fire.   Vulnerability of India The youngest mountain ranges of Himalayas are the most vulnerable stretches of the world susceptible … Continue reading About Forest fires

Blue Flag Program

Blue Flag Program The Blue Flag Programme for beaches is run by the Copenhagen-based Foundation for Environmental Education (FEE). It started in France in 1985 and has been implemented in Europe since 1987. The campaign spread outside Europe, to South Africa, in 2001. It aims to promote sustainable development in freshwater and marine areas. The … Continue reading Blue Flag Program

What is Green House Effect?

What is Green House Effect? The greenhouse effect is a natural process that warms the Earth’s surface. When the Sun’s energy reaches the Earth’s atmosphere, some of it is reflected back to space and the rest is absorbed and re-radiated by greenhouse gases. The absorbed energy warms the atmosphere and the surface of the Earth. … Continue reading What is Green House Effect?

About BASEL Convention

About BASEL Convention Origin The Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal was adopted on 22 March 1989. It was adopted by the Conference of Plenipotentiaries in Basel, Switzerland. The Convention entered into force in 1992. It is a legally binding convention. Objective: Protect human health and the environment … Continue reading About BASEL Convention

What is Coastal Regulation Zone?

What is Coastal Regulation Zone? The coastal land up to 500m from the High Tide Line (HTL) and a stage of 100m along banks of creeks, estuaries, backwater and rivers subject to tidal fluctuations, is called the Coastal Regulation Zone. Note: High Tide Line (HTL) is the line on land up to which the highest … Continue reading What is Coastal Regulation Zone?

About Butterfy migration

About Butterfy migration Usually butterfly migration starts during October-November with the onset of the northeast monsoon, from the plains to the ghats, and during April-May, just before the advent of the southwest monsoon, from the ghats to the plains. Migration takes place across the plains of southern India to the southern part of the Sahyadri … Continue reading About Butterfy migration

About the crop Chickpea

About the crop Chickpea The chickpea (Cicerarietinum) is a legume that belongs to the family Fabaceae. Chickpea is the world’s second most important pulse legume, with particular importance in the semi-arid tropics of sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. Contents Chickpeas are rich in proteins, and are grown in many parts of the world for human … Continue reading About the crop Chickpea

About Sarus Crane

About Sarus Crane It is world’s tallest flying omnivorous bird, which is over 5 feet on average. It is State bird of Uttar Pradesh. Sarus Crane is non-migratory crane found in parts of the Indian Subcontinent, Southeast Asia and Australia. It is India’s only resident breeding crane. International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) status: … Continue reading About Sarus Crane

Climate Vulnerability Index

Climate Vulnerability Index The Climate Vulnerability Index will be developed on the basis of a study being carried out assessing the climate risks faced across all states. The DST will also develop a Climate Portal that presents district-wise data relating to climate vulnerability. Vulnerability would be a measure of the inherent risks a district faces, … Continue reading Climate Vulnerability Index

About Asiatic Lions

About Asiatic Lions Asiatic Lions are critically endangered species, listed in the Schedule 1 of Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972, Appendix I of CITES and endangered on IUCN Red List. Asiatic lions were once distributed in dry deciduous forests and scrublands from West Bengal in east to Rewa, MP in the west. Currently, the last surviving population of … Continue reading About Asiatic Lions

The problem with diesel

Headline : The problem with diesel Details : Context Automakers in India in the recent times have started moving away from diesel cars value chain. The proportion of diesel cars in the total passenger vehicles sales has decreased from 48% in 2012-13 to 22% in 2018-19.   Reason Decrease in price differential The price differential between … Continue reading The problem with diesel

Tropical Cyclones

About Cyclone Fani Cyclone Fani (pronounced as Foni) is a pre-monsoon tropical cyclone recently developed over Bay of Bengal. It has been predicted that Cyclone Fani is likely to turn into a ‘severe cyclonic storm’ and may further develop into an ‘extremely severe cyclone storm’. Impact:   Tropical Cyclones Cyclones developed in the regions between … Continue reading Tropical Cyclones

Marine plastic pollution: A backgrounder

Marine plastic pollution: A backgrounder Plastic is the most prevalent type of marine debris found in oceans. According to UNEP, about 8 million tons of plastic waste enters the world’s oceans each year. Further 60-80% of the litter in oceans is plastic. Currently the focus of studies on marine pollution is microplastic pollution.   Causes … Continue reading Marine plastic pollution: A backgrounder

In brief: Flyway of migratory birds

In brief: Flyway of migratory birds What is a flyway? Flyways are akin to highways in the sky for migratory birds. The area covered by migratory birds over the course of its annual cycle is known as the flyway of that bird. The migration routes often follow a north-south axis covering more than 30 countries. … Continue reading In brief: Flyway of migratory birds

About Plastic Waste

About Plastic WastePlastic waste in general is classified into 2 categories:Thermoplastic: 94% of total plastic waste in India and is recyclableThermoset: 6% of the total plastic waste and in non-recyclableThe main reason of high amount of plastic waste in Indian cities is because of low level of recycling.Segregation of the waste at the source is … Continue reading About Plastic Waste

What is a bird sanctuary?

What is a bird sanctuary? A bird sanctuary is a natural area that is designed to protect and conserve various species of birds and their natural habitats alongwith their rehabilitation and survival. Need for Thinungei Bird Sanctuary Loktak’s wetland cluster has witnessed a sharp fall in numbers of birds- both migratory and residents. According to Loktak … Continue reading What is a bird sanctuary?

Kaladan multi-model transit transport project

Kaladan multi-model transit transport project India entered into a framework agreement with Myanmar in April 2008 to facilitate implementation of the project. Objective: To create a multi-modal sea, river and road transport corridor for shipment of cargo from the eastern ports of India to Myanmar through Sittwe port as well as to North-Eastern part of India … Continue reading Kaladan multi-model transit transport project

GHG Emissions

GHG Emissions in Cities According to the Global Carbon Project, the biggest emitters in 2018 are China, the U.S., EU, India and Russia. India is set to be the 4rd highest contributor with a projected emissions rise of 6.3% in 2018 compared to 2017.   Effect of CO2 emissions Carbon dioxide is a major green house gas. … Continue reading GHG Emissions

In Focus: Solar Thermal Systems

In Focus: Solar Thermal Systems Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Solar Photovoltaic (PV) is a technology that converts sunlight (solar radiation) into direct current electricity by using semiconductors. When the sun hits the semiconductor within the PV cell, electrons are freed and form an electric current. Solar PV technology is generally employed on a panel (hence solar … Continue reading In Focus: Solar Thermal Systems

In Focus: Solar Thermal Systems

In Focus: Solar Thermal Systems Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Solar Photovoltaic (PV) is a technology that converts sunlight (solar radiation) into direct current electricity by using semiconductors. When the sun hits the semiconductor within the PV cell, electrons are freed and form an electric current. Solar PV technology is generally employed on a panel (hence solar … Continue reading In Focus: Solar Thermal Systems

About Olive Ridley Turtles

About Olive Ridley Turtles The Olive Ridley turtle is the smallest and most abundant of all sea turtles, named for the generally greenish color of its skin and shell, or carapace. Olive Ridleys are found only in warmer waters, including the southern Atlantic, Pacific and Indian Oceans. It is best known for their unique mass … Continue reading About Olive Ridley Turtles

Groundwater Depletion

Important Facts The total estimated groundwater depletion in India is in the range of 122–199 billion metre cube. With 230 billion metre cube of groundwater drawn out each year for irrigating agriculture lands in India, many parts of the country are experiencing rapid depletion of groundwater. The Indo-Gangetic Plain, northwestern, central and western parts of … Continue reading Groundwater Depletion

Jerzego sunil limaye

In focus: Jerzego sunil limaye Morphology Large body size (Females double the size of Males) A crescent-shaped golden–yellow stripe in the posterior half of the abdomen Habitat Areas covered with a thick canopy dominated by trees, such as Mango Trees.   In brief: Jumping Spiders and Spiders Jumping spiders Jumping spider family is the most … Continue reading Jerzego sunil limaye

Important Environment

About National Board of Wildlife • National Board for Wild Life is a “Statutory Organization” constituted under the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972. • Theoretically, the board is “advisory” in nature and advises the Central Government on framing policies and measures for conservation of wildlife in the country. • It serves as apex body to review all wildlife-related matters and approve projects in and around national … Continue reading Important Environment

About Meghamalai Wildlife Sanctuary

About Meghamalai Wildlife Sanctuary Megamalai Wildlife Sanctuary spreads over 636 square kilometers in Western Ghats in Tamil Nadu. It borders the Periyar Tiger Reserve in Kerala, thus provides an important buffer zone for tiger population, in addition to being an important elephant corridor. The sanctuary has 10% of the overall population of lion-tailed macaque and Nilgiri Tahr (Tamil … Continue reading About Meghamalai Wildlife Sanctuary