Purpose and functions of a Constitution:

 • Lays out certain ideals that form the basis of the kind of country that we as citizens aspire to live in. • Defines the nature of a country’s political system; plays a crucial role in laying out certain important guidelines that govern decision-making within these societies. • Provides a set of basic rules that allow for minimal coordination amongst members of a society. • … Continue reading Purpose and functions of a Constitution:

Right against Exploitation 

Right against Exploitation Art 23: Forced labor/ Traffic  No forced labor – slavery – servitude No trafficking State can force for public interest conscription punishable Art 24: Child labor  Punishable < 14 – no hazardous and non hazardous regulated by state The government had brought a new law to govern child labour, known as the Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Amendment Act, 2016, which put … Continue reading Right against Exploitation 

Right to Freedom 

Right to Freedom Art 19(1) – Democratic rights Speech and expression  Art 19(1)(a) and Art 21 – inalienable disjunct Express your view, right to listen, any communicable medium Express others view Right to know Press freedom Elect/reject candidate based on informed choices Dissent – criticize govt ITA 2000 – Sec 66A – chilling effect Defamation – criminal and civil offense Restrictions Security of state, sovereignty … Continue reading Right to Freedom 

Right to Freedom of religion

Right to Freedom of religion Art 25:  P3 -Profess,Practice,Propagate Conscience – inner freedom Profess -declare openly Practice – rituals and use signs Propagate – spread but not force Opinion & belief – no state interference Conduct & practice – state can Art 26: Religious denomination  Est. institutions for religion and charity Manage its affairs Right to property Administer its property State can take over with compensation  Art 27: Taxation for … Continue reading Right to Freedom of religion

Right to equality  

Right to equality   Art 14 : Law  Equal before law   Negative English const Absence of any privileges Law is supreme authority – govt subjected to law Art 361 (exception for president and governor) Dicey No punishment unless law violated Every one equal before law without discrimination Law is the superior – const is superior in India From Rex Lex to Lex Rex Equal protection of … Continue reading Right to equality  

Cultural and Educational Rights 

Cultural and Educational Rights Art 29: Minorities interest  Protect identity Unity in diversity Majority and minority State can’t deny admission in edu on grounds of religion, race, caste or language  Art 30: Minority education  Linguistics and religious minorities Can have schools of their own – state and ntl recognition BC not part of minority Right to property – state can take over with compensation No … Continue reading Cultural and Educational Rights 

Everything about Ordinance

What is an ordinance and who makes it? Article 123 of the Indian Constitution grants the President of India to Promulgate Ordinances when either of the two Houses of the Parliament is not in session which makes it impossible for a single House to pass and enact a law. Ordinances may relate to any subject that the parliament has the power to make law, and … Continue reading Everything about Ordinance