5 provisions under which Parliament can legislate on a subject.

There are 5 provisions under which Parliament can legislate on a subject included in state list: Article 249  if the Council of States has declared by resolution supported by not less than two thirds of the members present and voting that it is necessary or expedient in the national interest that Parliament should make laws … Continue reading 5 provisions under which Parliament can legislate on a subject.

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Purpose and functions of a Constitution:

 • Lays out certain ideals that form the basis of the kind of country that we as citizens aspire to live in. • Defines the nature of a country’s political system; plays a crucial role in laying out certain important guidelines that govern decision-making within these societies. • Provides a set of basic rules that … Continue reading Purpose and functions of a Constitution:

Right to Freedom 

Right to Freedom Art 19(1) - Democratic rights Speech and expression  Art 19(1)(a) and Art 21 - inalienable disjunct Express your view, right to listen, any communicable medium Express others view Right to know Press freedom Elect/reject candidate based on informed choices Dissent - criticize govt ITA 2000 - Sec 66A - chilling effect Defamation … Continue reading Right to Freedom 

Right to Freedom of religion

Right to Freedom of religion Art 25:  P3 -Profess,Practice,Propagate Conscience - inner freedom Profess -declare openly Practice - rituals and use signs Propagate - spread but not force Opinion & belief - no state interference Conduct & practice - state can Art 26: Religious denomination  Est. institutions for religion and charity Manage its affairs Right to property Administer its property … Continue reading Right to Freedom of religion

Cultural and Educational Rights 

Cultural and Educational Rights Art 29: Minorities interest  Protect identity Unity in diversity Majority and minority State can't deny admission in edu on grounds of religion, race, caste or language  Art 30: Minority education  Linguistics and religious minorities Can have schools of their own - state and ntl recognition BC not part of minority Right … Continue reading Cultural and Educational Rights