August Week-4, Q&A and CA

1) What is the economics behind e-vehicle batteries?

https://upscexpress.com/2019/09/01/what-is-the-economics-behind-e-vehicle-batteries/

2) Who are the 19 lakh excluded from Assam NRC, and what next for them?

https://upscexpress.com/2019/09/01/who-are-the-19-lakh-excluded-from-assam-nrc-and-what-next-for-them/

3)Science for disaster management Editorial 31st Aug’19 TimesOfIndia

https://upscexpress.com/2019/09/01/science-for-disaster-management-editorial-31st-aug19-timesofindia/

4)hat advantages does 3D printing have over traditional methods of manufacturing? What are its potential applications?

https://upscexpress.com/2019/09/01/what-advantages-does-3d-printing-have-over-traditional-methods-of-manufacturing-what-are-its-potential-applications-15-marks/

5)What are the major problems of agricultural marketing in India?

https://upscexpress.com/2019/08/31/what-are-the-major-problems-of-agricultural-marketing-in-india-10-marks/

6)Deceleration in economy: Cyclical downswing, not a deep structural slowdown, says RBI

https://upscexpress.com/2019/08/31/deceleration-in-economy-cyclical-downswing-not-a-deep-structural-slowdown-says-rbi/

7)A road map to transforming India’s energy Editorial 30th Aug’19 HindustanTimes

https://upscexpress.com/2019/08/31/a-road-map-to-transforming-indias-energy-editorial-30th-aug19-hindustantimes/

8)Describe the origin and development of thunderstorms with examples. (15 marks)

https://upscexpress.com/2019/08/30/describe-the-origin-and-development-of-thunderstorms-with-examples-15-marks/

9)India’s water crisis: All stakeholders must come together Editorial 29th Aug’19 HindustanTimes

https://upscexpress.com/2019/08/29/indias-water-crisis-all-stakeholders-must-come-together-editorial-29th-aug19-hindustantimes/

10)Explain the economic critique offered by the early Nationalists to challenge British imperialism and its impact. (15 marks)

https://upscexpress.com/2019/08/29/explain-the-economic-critique-offered-by-the-early-nationalists-to-challenge-british-imperialism-and-its-impact-15-marks/

Prelims 2019 : Current Affairs by Sriram’s IAS

Prelims 2019 : Current Affairs by Sriram’s IAS

Download Here

Covered points:
Artificial sun
AIIB loan
Indo-Russian Rifles Pvt Ltd
Strategic sale of Kamarajar Port Limited (KPL)
BOLD–QIT in Dhubri, Assam
Gandhi Peace Prize
ISRO and Reusable Rocket Technology

Telegram: https://t.me/SimplifiedIAS

Why a dam in Karnataka bothers Tamil Nadu

Headline : Why a dam in Karnataka bothers Tamil Nadu

Details :

Why in news?

  • Recently, Tamil Nadu Chief Minister E K Palaniswami wrote to the Prime Minister urging him to stop the process of a feasibility study for the Mekedatu dam project in Karnataka.

 

About Mekedatu dam project

  • Being set up by the Karnataka government, the project is near Mekedatu, in Ramanagaram district, across the river Cauvery from Tamil Nadu.
  • Its proposed capacity is 48 TMC (thousand million cubic feet).
  • Its primary objective is to supply drinking water to Bengaluru and recharge the groundwater table in the region.

 

 

Background

  • The dispute between Karnataka and Tamil Nadu over the sharing of Cauvery waters is decades old.
  • For many years, both the states have been maintaining differences over the sharing of water.
  • Karnataka intends to build Mekedatu reservoir across river Cauvery near Mekedatu in Kanakapura taluk.
  • However, Tamil Nadu objected saying Karnataka had not sought prior permission for the project. Its argument was that the project would affect the flow of Cauvery water to Tamil Nadu.
  • In November 2014, the Karnataka government invited expressions of interest in the Rs 6,000-crore project. In its 2015 Budget, it allocated Rs 25 crore for a detailed project report.
  • Tamil Nadu saw massive protests in 2015, including a state-wide bandh backed by political parties, farmers, transport unions, retailers and traders.
  • The T.N. Assembly also adopted a unanimous resolution urging the Centre to stop Karnataka from building the project.
  • Ahead of the 2016 Assembly polls in Tamil Nadu, delegation of Opposition leaders met the Prime Minister against Karnataka’s decision to allocate Rs 25 crore for a feasibility study.
  • From Karnataka, then Chief Minister Siddaramaiah led an all-party delegation to the Prime Minister seeking the Centre’s cooperation in going ahead.
  • The study has been cleared by the Central Water Commission (CWC), which has also asked for a detailed project report.
  • The process cleared by the CWC needs further clearance from the Cauvery Water Management Authority (CWMA) too.

 

Note

  • The CWC clearance is for a report subject to certain conditions, which include the concerns raised by the Tamil Nadu government.
  • The detailed report has to consider the views of the co-basin states as well.

 

Why Tamil Nadu is opposing the project?

  • Its main argument is that the project violates the final award of the Cauvery River Water Tribunal, and that the construction of the two reservoirs would result in impounding of the flows in the intermediate catchment below the Krishnaraja Sagar and Kabini reservoirs, and Billigundulu in the common border of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.

 

Arguments given by Karnataka government

  • According to Karnataka, project will not come in the way of releasing the stipulated quantum of water to Tamil Nadu, nor will it be used for irrigation purposes.

 

 

Section : Polity & Governance

NATIONAL PHARMACEUTICAL PRICING AUTHORITY:

NATIONAL PHARMACEUTICAL PRICING AUTHORITY:

  • The National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority (NPPA) is a government regulatory agency that controls the prices of pharmaceutical drugs and equipments in India.
  • NPPA is an organization of the Government of India which was established to fix/ revise the prices of controlled bulk drugs and formulations and to enforce prices and availability of the medicines in the country, under the Drugs (Prices Control) Order.
  • The organization is also entrusted with the task of recovering amounts overcharged by manufacturers for the controlled drugs from the consumers.
  • It also monitors the prices of decontrolled drugs in order to keep them at reasonable levels.
  • At present the Drug Price Control Order (2013) regulates ceiling prices of 432 medicines based on “essentiality.”

The Hindu 21-07-2017 Discussion and Notes

Please see Video First  From below link:-

Watch The Hindu Here

News

  1. Kovind enters Rashtrapathi Bhavan with big win.

  2. India, Japan civil nuclear deal comes in to force.

  3. UKs Indian community joins consultations on anti caste law.  

  4. Gain in translation


Language is a critical component of culture. It is a non negotiable right to communities. So, languages need to be recognized and preserved by the state. So, UNESCO and SDGs have recognized linguistic rights and responsibility of the state to protect the same.

If state do not provide an explicit protection and recognition, less spoken languages are bound to disappear. It is already established scientifically that a child’s mental and Physical growth will be better if he/she is taught in mother tongue. Besides, the neglect of a community’s language is a reason for induced migration.

India, linguistically diverse it can lead to cultural pauperization of the country. Government of India not releasing language data collected in 2011 and Government not collecting data related to minor languages is a step in that direction.


The new president

President office is an autonomous and independent office and it shall be above the political and social identities of the incumbent. He is expected to safeguard constitution and also shall act as a counsel to his Government. There will be many times a president shall act with out precedent. Inviting a party leader to form the Government after elections or decisions after loss of confidence for a Government in Lok sabha or use of art 356 needs utmost caution and legal acumen. A delicate balance is necessary and he shall not be called as an unthinking rubber stamp or an overzealous interventionist.


Bigger, better


ONGC buying 51% stake of Government in HPCL is in accordance with  the settled policy of consolidation in Public sector undertakings. It started with banking sector and now continuing with energy sector.

As technology has progressed managing bigger organizations have become easy.  scales of production and ability to compete globally increases exponentially. In this scenario, if Indian experience is considered merger of air India and Indian Airlines did not yield expected results, Besides this, minority share holders have always lost in these mergers. Moulding organisational cultures and maintaining motivation of employees is another major challenge.



Should urbanization score over conservation?

As per the Ancient monuments and archeological sites and remains act 1958, 100 meters of perimeter of the site is a protected area and any construction from private or public entities is prohibited. Now, Government intends to amend the act to provide exceptions to public infrastructure. In this scenario, the following arguments can be made.

  1. Any urban project need not be rejected outrightly. They can enhance the image of the project itself. So, civil society shall participate in deciding for allowing the project r not.

  2. Infrastructure projects proposed near Akbar’s tomb, Rani ki Vav can damage them in the long run. On the other side, it can be stated that present generation has no right to endanger our collective heritage pooled over centuries.


Why is sharing data with state a problem?


Arguments on right to privacy.

  1. State has an authority to use force against an individual.

  2. Parting of information to private individual is for a specific purpose with a detailed end use. If other parties breach contract legal remedies are available. It is not the case with Government owning the data.

  3. Government having the data and its surveillance has a chilling effect.

  4. Fundamental rights are given to individuals. Even if a single individual objects, it need to be considered. 


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