Internal Security of India

Internal security is the security of country within its borders. Maintenance of peace and law and order. Upholding sovereignty of country within its borders. Responsibility of Police and state government and Ministry of Home affairs. External Security is security against aggression by a foreign country. Responsibility of armed forces and Ministry of Defense . Four Kinds of threats to any state as per Kautilya: –  Internal External … Continue reading Internal Security of India


Natural vegetation refers to a plant community that has been left undisturbed over a long time, so as to allow its individual species to adjust themselves to climate and soil conditions as fully as possible. Himalayan heights are marked with temperate vegetation; Western Ghats and the Andaman Nicobar Islands have tropical rain forests Deltaic regions have tropical forests and mangroves; Desert and semi desert areas … Continue reading NATURAL VEGETATION In India

UPSC CSE Mains General Studies Paper – III

CSE Mains General Studies Paper – III (Technology, Economic Development, Bio diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management) a. Economic Development Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment. Inclusive growth and issues arising from it. Government Budgeting. b. Agriculture  Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing … Continue reading UPSC CSE Mains General Studies Paper – III

UPSC CSE Mains General Studies Paper – II Syllabus

General Studies Paper – II (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations) a. Constitution and Polity Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure. Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein. Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal … Continue reading UPSC CSE Mains General Studies Paper – II Syllabus

UPSC CSE General Studies Paper – I

UPSC CSE General Studies Paper – I (Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society) a. Indian Heritage and Culture Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times. b. Modern History Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present significant events, personalities, issues. The Freedom Struggle … Continue reading UPSC CSE General Studies Paper – I

UPSC Mains Syllabus

Mains Syllabus Qualifying Papers – Not counted for final ranking: Paper ‐ A – Indian Language – Syllabus. (One of the Indian Languages to be selected by the candidate from the Languages included in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution. This paper will not be compulsory for candidates hailing from the States of Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Sikkim.) 300 Marks. Paper‐ B … Continue reading UPSC Mains Syllabus