In Focus: E-Courts in India

In Focus: E-Courts in India The Indian judiciary comprises of nearly 15,000 courts situated in approximately 2,500 court complexes throughout the country.The e-Courts project was conceptualized on the basis of the “National Policy and Action Plan for Implementation of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in the Indian Judiciary – 2005”submitted by e-Committee, Supreme Court of India … Continue reading In Focus: E-Courts in India

Who are the 19 lakh excluded from Assam NRC, and what next for them?

Headline : Who are the 19 lakh excluded from Assam NRC, and what next for them? Details : In News: The recently published final list of people in updated National Register of Citizen (NRC) has stripped nearly 19 lakh people in the north-eastern state of Assam of their citizenship. About: NRC The NRC for a state … Continue reading Who are the 19 lakh excluded from Assam NRC, and what next for them?

Can Pakistan get the ICJ to undo India’s decision on J&K’s special status?

Headline : Can Pakistan get the ICJ to undo India’s decision on J&K’s special status? Details : In News: Pakistan has decided to approach the International Court of Justice (ICJ) over the recent revocation of Jammu and Kashmir’s special status by India. Telegram: https://t.me/ShubhraRanjanPSIR Theme of the topic: The topic analysis the ICJ's Jurisdiction over the Jammu and Kashmir … Continue reading Can Pakistan get the ICJ to undo India’s decision on J&K’s special status?

Headline : Explained: Sikkim, from Chogyal rule to Indian state

Headline : Explained: Sikkim, from Chogyal rule to Indian state Details : In News: Recently, Sikkim’s longest serving Chief Minister, Pawan Chamling, became the sole elected Opposition representative in the Assembly after the remaining 12 Sikkim Democratic Front (SDF) MLAs defected, with 10 joining the BJP and another two joining the ruling Sikkim Krantikari Morcha (SKM). … Continue reading Headline : Explained: Sikkim, from Chogyal rule to Indian state

River water disputes: Disputes Resolution Committee (DRC), Inter State Water Dispute Act, 1956

Headline : One tribunal for all river water disputes: why the proposal, how it will work Details : In News: The Inter-State River Water Disputes (Amendment) Bill, 2019 has been passed by Lok Sabha. It seeks to streamline the adjudication of disputes relating to waters of inter-State rivers and river valleys. News Summary: The Bill cleared … Continue reading River water disputes: Disputes Resolution Committee (DRC), Inter State Water Dispute Act, 1956

India and Global Innovation Index

Headline : India rises in global innovation ranking Details : The News India has jumped five places to rank 52 in the Global Innovation Index 2019 (GII). The GII is a global benchmark that helps policy makers better understand how to stimulate and measure innovative activity, a main driver of economic and social development.   News … Continue reading India and Global Innovation Index

Rau’s IAS: Indian Polity and Governance Social Issues (Final Merged)

Indian Polity and Governance Social Issues (Final Merged) Download   Join https://t.me/SimplifiedIAS

Open up the Supreme Court Editorial 9th Apr’19 TheHindu

Headline : Open up the Supreme Court Editorial 9th Apr'19 TheHindu  Details :  Delhi HC judgement said RTI applicable to higher judiciary: In 2009, the High Court of Delhi handed down a landmark judgment dealing with the Right to Information (RTI) Act. It held that the Office of the Chief Justice of India (CJI) was a “public … Continue reading Open up the Supreme Court Editorial 9th Apr’19 TheHindu

Another look at fiscal transfers Editorial 25th Mar’19 TheHindu

Headline : Another look at fiscal transfers Editorial 25th Mar'19 TheHindu Details : Significance of federalism: The origin of the concept of federalism is mainly political. It is well known that the efficiency of a government depends on, among other factors, its structure. In large countries, it has been felt that only a federal structure can efficiently … Continue reading Another look at fiscal transfers Editorial 25th Mar’19 TheHindu

 Despite the consensus around the need for reforms, Indian prisons remain in a poor state as reflected in various issues including overcrowding and violation of prisoners’ rights. Discuss in light of the recently formed Amitava Roy committee. What measures must be taken to address this issue? (15 marks)

 Despite the consensus around the need for reforms, Indian prisons remain in a poor state as reflected in various issues including overcrowding and violation of prisoners' rights. Discuss in light of the recently formed Amitava Roy committee. What measures must be taken to address this issue? (15 marks) Approach: Introduce with the recent SC decision to … Continue reading  Despite the consensus around the need for reforms, Indian prisons remain in a poor state as reflected in various issues including overcrowding and violation of prisoners’ rights. Discuss in light of the recently formed Amitava Roy committee. What measures must be taken to address this issue? (15 marks)

Is the High Court’s power to issue writs wider than that of the Supreme Court of India? Examine. (10 marks)

Is the High Court’s power to issue writs wider than that of the Supreme Court of India? Examine. (10 marks) Approach: Introduce with the power of courts to issue writs under Article 32 and 226 Compare the writ jurisdictions of SC and HCs - wider jurisdiction of HC in some aspects and SC writ jurisdiction … Continue reading Is the High Court’s power to issue writs wider than that of the Supreme Court of India? Examine. (10 marks)

5 provisions under which Parliament can legislate on a subject.

There are 5 provisions under which Parliament can legislate on a subject included in state list: Article 249  if the Council of States has declared by resolution supported by not less than two thirds of the members present and voting that it is necessary or expedient in the national interest that Parliament should make laws … Continue reading 5 provisions under which Parliament can legislate on a subject.

Wildlife Crime Control Bureau

Wildlife Crime Control Bureau (WCCB) is a statutory multi-disciplinary body established under the Ministry, to combat organized wildlife crime in the country. The Bureau has its headquarters in New Delhi and five regional offices at Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai, Chennai and Jabalpur; three sub-regional offices at Guwahati, Amritsar and Cochin; and five border units at Ramanathapuram, … Continue reading Wildlife Crime Control Bureau

The position with respect to lapsing of bills

The position with respect to lapsing of bills is as follows: A bill pending in the Lok Sabha lapses (whether originating in the Lok Sabha or transmitted to it by the Rajya Sabha). A bill passed by the Lok Sabha but pending in the Rajya Sabha lapses. A bill not passed by the two Houses … Continue reading The position with respect to lapsing of bills

Delimitation Commission

It is established by Government of India under the provisions of the Delimitation Commission Act. The main task of the commission is to redraw the boundaries of the various assembly and Lok Sabha constituencies based on a recent census. The representation from each state is not changed during this exercise. However, the numbers of SC … Continue reading Delimitation Commission

The Naga insurgency has been a major threat to India’s security and integrity and can destabilize multiple states in north-eastern India. Elaborate. Also discuss various measures taken by the governments in handling the issue.

Approach: Introduce the issue of Naga insurgency. Explain its impact on security of India as well as that in northeastern states. Provide measures undertaken by Government especially Naga peace accord. Conclude appropriately. Model Answer : Ever since Indian Independence, the Naga Insurgency has taken many forms, including the demands for secessionism to wanton violence. The … Continue reading The Naga insurgency has been a major threat to India’s security and integrity and can destabilize multiple states in north-eastern India. Elaborate. Also discuss various measures taken by the governments in handling the issue.

With the passage of The Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Bill, 2016, transgender people will have a better chance at being integrated into mainstream leading to greater inclusiveness. Critically comment. Approach

With the passage of The Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Bill, 2016, transgender people will have a better chance at being integrated into mainstream leading to greater inclusiveness. Critically comment. Approach • Introduce with the discrimination faced by transgenders • Highlight the key provisions of the Transgender Bill • Comment on how the provisions fall … Continue reading With the passage of The Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Bill, 2016, transgender people will have a better chance at being integrated into mainstream leading to greater inclusiveness. Critically comment. Approach

Everything about Cauvery Verdict

• A three-judge Bench, led by Chief Justice of India, gave verdict on Cauvery river water dispute. CWDT's verdict: • The Cauvery Water Disputes Tribunal (CWDT) verdict in 2007: Of the 740 thousand million cubic feet (TMC) of water available for utilisation, • 419 TMC was awarded to Tamil Nadu, • 270 TMC to Karnataka, • … Continue reading Everything about Cauvery Verdict

Q32. Consider the following statements regarding the Speaker of the Lok Sabha:

Q32. Consider the following statements regarding the Speaker of the Lok Sabha: 1. He prorogues the House in the absence of quorum. 2. He presides over a joint sitting of the Houses, addressed by the President. 3. He decides whether a bill is a Money bill or not and his decision in this regard is … Continue reading Q32. Consider the following statements regarding the Speaker of the Lok Sabha:

Unitary Features of Indian constitution:

Unitary Features of Indian constitution: 1.     The States of Indian Don’t have their own constitution as in the states of USA and Australia have their own constitution. 2.     Uniform and single Citizenship in India (Australia and USA have double citizenship). 3.     Parliament can make the changes of territorial extent of a State without its consent. … Continue reading Unitary Features of Indian constitution:

Everything about special courts for politicians

• The Centre has informed the Supreme Court that it will set up at least 12 special courts to try exclusively criminal cases involving MPs and MLAs. Issues • Criminalisation of politics has remained a key issue. In 2014, as many as 1,581 lawmakers were facing prosecution in a mind-boggling 13,500 cases. • It took years, … Continue reading Everything about special courts for politicians

Khadi and Freedom movement

Khadi and Freedom movement Khadi owes its revival to the Father of the Nation, Mahatma Gandhi who saw it as a tool to become self-reliant and independent. Britishers bought raw materials at cheaper rate from India and sold their costly finished products in India. This unfavourable balance of trade was first brought to the mainstream … Continue reading Khadi and Freedom movement

 Parliamentary vs Presidential System

Does India need a presidential system? Arguments :- Against Debate can be divided in to feasibility and desirability In the existing constitutional scheme, change is not possible. Supreme court of India already held parliamentary form of Government as part of the basic structure of the constitution. Presidential system centralizes power and chances of it turning in … Continue reading  Parliamentary vs Presidential System

East Asia Summit – EAS

East Asia Summit is a unique Leaders-led forum of 18 countries of the Asia-Pacific region formed to further the objectives of regional peace, security and prosperity. It has evolved as a forum for strategic dialogue and cooperation on political, security and economic issues of common regional concern and plays an important role in the regional … Continue reading East Asia Summit – EAS

Islamic Development Bank

The Islamic Development Bank is an international financial institution established in pursuance of the Declaration of Intent issued by the Conference of Finance Ministers of Muslim Countries held in Jeddah in December 1973, and the Bank was formally opened on 20 October 1975. The purpose of the Bank is to foster the economic development and … Continue reading Islamic Development Bank

International Organizations: UNHRC

It is an inter-governmental body within the United Nations system responsible for strengthening the promotion and protection of human rights around the globe and for addressing situations of human rights violations and make recommendations on them. It meets at the UN Office at Geneva. The Council is made up of 47 United Nations Member States … Continue reading International Organizations: UNHRC

Principles of Just recourse to War

​Principles of Just recourse to war • Last resort • Just cause • Legitimate authority • Right intentin • Reasonable prospect of success • Proportionality

NATO

Formed in 1949 with the signing of the Washington Treaty, NATO is a security alliance of 28 countries from North America and Europe. NATO’s fundamental goal is to safeguard the Allies’ freedom and security by political and military means. The organization constitutes a system of collective defence whereby its member states agree to mutual defence … Continue reading NATO

​Thucydides quotes for Realist Foreign Policy

​Thucydides quotes The bravest are surely those who have the clearest vision of what is before them, glory and danger alike, and yet notwithstanding, go out to meet it. The secret to happiness is freedom... And the secret to freedom is courage. Be convinced that to be happy means to be free and that to … Continue reading ​Thucydides quotes for Realist Foreign Policy

Central Bureau of Investigation -CBI

Central Bureau of Investigation :- CBI  CBI has grown into a multidisciplinary investigation agency over a period of time. Today it has the following three divisions for investigation of crime: Anti-Corruption Division - for investigation of cases under the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988 against Public officials and the employees of Central Government, Public Sector … Continue reading Central Bureau of Investigation -CBI

Medical council of India (MCI)

Medical Council of India (MCI) The Medical Council of India (MCI) is a statutory body for establishing uniform and high standards of medical education in India. The Council grants recognition of medical qualifications, gives accreditation to medical schools, grants registration to medical practitioners, and monitors medical practice in India. The Medical Council of India was … Continue reading Medical council of India (MCI)

​Censure Motion:

​Censure Motion • This motion can be moved only in the Lok Sabha and by the Opposition of the House. • It can be moved against the Council of Ministers or an individual Minister or a group of Ministers for their failure to act or not to act or for their policy and may express … Continue reading ​Censure Motion:

​Why India faces huge corruption?

​Why India faces huge corruption? • Colonial Legacy of unchallenged authority and abritary use of power • Asymmetry of power. Reduces societal pressure to conform to ethical behavior  • Conscious choice of our economic policies which put citizen at the mercy of state - Monopoly - Corruption.  • Over Centralization - Power is exercised more … Continue reading ​Why India faces huge corruption?

Citizenship (Art.5 -11)

​CITIZENSHIP:  Acquisition of Citizenship:  By descent : Present : registration in embassy.  By registration : 1+ 6/8 By Naturalization  : 1 + 11/14 By Incorporation of new territory.  By Birth : 1993 : Atleast one parent, present : both father and mother. Children of foreign diplomats and enemy alien - no citizenship by birth  Termination … Continue reading Citizenship (Art.5 -11)

Law Commission of India

Law Commission of India • The first Law Commission was established in 1834 under the Charter Act of 1833 under the Chairmanship of Lord Macaulay which recommended codification of the Penal Code, the Criminal Procedure Code and a few other matters.  • After independence,  though the Constitution stipulated the continuation of pre-Constitution Laws (Article 372) … Continue reading Law Commission of India

Dwight D. Eisenhower Quotes

​Dwight D. Eisenhower Leadership is the art of getting someone else to do something you want done because he wants to do it. A people that values its privileges above its principles soon loses both. You do not lead by hitting people over the head - that's assault, not leadership. In preparing for battle I … Continue reading Dwight D. Eisenhower Quotes

Benjamin Franklin Quotes

Benjamin Franklin Quotes  They who can give up essential liberty to obtain a little temporary safety deserve neither liberty nor safety. An investment in knowledge pays the best interest. Our new Constitution is now established, everything seems to promise it will be durable; but, in this world, nothing is certain except death and taxes. You … Continue reading Benjamin Franklin Quotes

Rudyard Kipling Quotes

Rudyard Kipling Quotes Words are, of course, the most powerful drug used by mankind. We have forty million reasons for failure, but not a single excuse. A woman's guess is much more accurate than a man's certainty. I always prefer to believe the best of everybody, it saves so much trouble. For the strength of … Continue reading Rudyard Kipling Quotes

George Orwell

George Orwell Quotes Inn a time of universal deceit - telling the truth is a revolutionary act. If you want a vision of the future, imagine a boot stamping on a human face - forever. Who controls the past controls the future. Who controls the present controls the past. All animals are equal, but some … Continue reading George Orwell

William Shakespeare Quotes

Be not afraid of greatness: some are born great, some achieve greatness, and some have greatness thrust upon them. To thine own self be true, and it must follow, as the night the day, thou canst not then be false to any man. The course of true love never did run smooth. There is nothing … Continue reading William Shakespeare Quotes

George Bernard Shaw – Quotes

​George Bernard Shaw Quotes A life spent making mistakes is not only more honourable, but more useful than a life spent doing nothing. There are two tragedies in life. One is not to get your heart's desire. The other is to get it. Some men see things as they are and ask why. Others dream … Continue reading George Bernard Shaw – Quotes

​Michel Foucault

​Michel Foucault Madness is the absolute break with the work of art; it forms the constitutive moment of abolition, which dissolves in time the truth of the work of art. In its function, the power to punish is not essentially different from that of curing or educating. Freedom of conscience entails more dangers than authority … Continue reading ​Michel Foucault

Friedrich Hegel Quotes – Ardent defendant of State as an Institution

Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel Nothing great in the world has ever been accomplished without passion. An idea is always a generalization, and generalization is a property of thinking. To generalize means to think. Education is the art of making man ethical. Genuine tragedies in the world are not conflicts between right and wrong. They are … Continue reading Friedrich Hegel Quotes – Ardent defendant of State as an Institution

​leon trotsky – Quotes- Russian Revolutionary

​leon trotsky The end may justify the means as long as there is something that justifies the end. Old age is the most unexpected of all the things that can happen to a man. Learning carries within itself certain dangers because out of necessity one has to learn from one's enemies. You may not be … Continue reading ​leon trotsky – Quotes- Russian Revolutionary

​Che Guevara

​Che Guevara The revolution is not an apple that falls when it is ripe. You have to make it fall. Silence is argument carried out by other means. I know you are here to kill me. Shoot, coward, you are only going to kill a man. If you tremble with indignation at every injustice, then … Continue reading ​Che Guevara

​Fidel Castro – Quotes to support Socialism and Communism 

​Fidel Castro Quotes A revolution is a struggle to the death between the future and the past. They talk about the failure of socialism but where is the success of capitalism in Africa, Asia and Latin America? I find capitalism repugnant. It is filthy, it is gross, it is alienating... because it causes war, hypocrisy … Continue reading ​Fidel Castro – Quotes to support Socialism and Communism 

Deng Xiaoping – Quotes

It doesn't matter if a cat is black or white, so long as it catches mice. Keep a cool head and maintain a low profile. Never take the lead - but aim to do something big. Young leading cadres have risen up by helicopter. They should really rise step by step.

Mao Zedong – Quotes to support socialism, communism 

Political power grows out of the barrel of a gun. War can only be abolished through war, and in order to get rid of the gun it is necessary to take up the gun. Politics is war without bloodshed, while war is politics with bloodshed. An army without culture is a dull-witted army, and a … Continue reading Mao Zedong – Quotes to support socialism, communism 

Vladimir Lenin – Quotes for support of Socialism and Communism

The way to crush the bourgeoisie is to grind them between the millstones of taxation and inflation. The goal of socialism is communism. Freedom in capitalist society always remains about the same as it was in ancient Greek republics: Freedom for slave owners. One man with a gun can control 100 without one. Give me … Continue reading Vladimir Lenin – Quotes for support of Socialism and Communism

Benito Mussolini Quotes : Use for demerits of Socialism, Democracy 

Benito Mussolini Democracy is beautiful in theory; in practice it is a fallacy. You in America will see that some day. Socialism is a fraud, a comedy, a phantom, a blackmail. The truth is that men are tired of liberty. Every anarchist is a baffled dictator. Let us have a dagger between our teeth, a … Continue reading Benito Mussolini Quotes : Use for demerits of Socialism, Democracy 

Ramakrishna – Spiritual Quotes 

God is in all men, but all men are not in God; that is why we suffer. If you must be mad, be it not for the things of the world. Be mad with the love of God. When the divine vision is attained, all appear equal; and there remains no distinction of good and … Continue reading Ramakrishna – Spiritual Quotes 

Thomas Aquinas Quotes

​Thomas Aquinas The things that we love tell us what we are. There is nothing on this earth more to be prized than true friendship. To one who has faith, no explanation is necessary. To one without faith, no explanation is possible. Better to illuminate than merely to shine, to deliver to others contemplated truths … Continue reading Thomas Aquinas Quotes

​​Albert Einstein Quotes on Everything

​Albert Einstein Quotes Imagination is more important than knowledge. The important thing is not to stop questioning. Curiosity has its own reason for existing. Anyone who has never made a mistake has never tried anything new. Try not to become a man of success, but rather try to become a man of value. Two things … Continue reading ​​Albert Einstein Quotes on Everything

Franklin D Roosevelt Quotes 

The only thing we have to fear is fear itself. The test of our progress is not whether we add more to the abundance of those who have much; it is whether we provide enough for those who have too little. It is common sense to take a method and try it. If it fails, … Continue reading Franklin D Roosevelt Quotes 

Dalai Lama – Quotes on Peace, Life and Just World

​Dalai Lama - Quotes on Spirituality, Peace, Life, Hope, Justice which can be used in ethical cases and Essays. Be kind whenever possible. It is always possible. Happiness is not something ready made. It comes from your own actions. This is my simple religion. There is no need for temples; no need for complicated philosophy. … Continue reading Dalai Lama – Quotes on Peace, Life and Just World

Nelson Mandela Quotes

​Nelson Mandela Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world. I learned that courage was not the absence of fear, but the triumph over it. The brave man is not he who does not feel afraid, but he who conquers that fear. It always seems impossible until it's done. … Continue reading Nelson Mandela Quotes

Vladimir Putin Quotes

We don't need a weakened government but a strong government that would take responsibility for the rights of the individual and care for the society as a whole. We shall fight against them, throw them in prisons and destroy them. The path towards a free society has not been simple. There are tragic and glorious … Continue reading Vladimir Putin Quotes

Martin Luther King Jr. Quotes on Equality, Fraternity and Freedom 

​Martin Luther King Jr. Quotes on Equality, Fraternity and Freedom to use in Essay and Ethics Darkness cannot drive out darkness; only light can do that. Hate cannot drive out hate; only love can do that. The ultimate measure of a man is not where he stands in moments of comfort and convenience, but where … Continue reading Martin Luther King Jr. Quotes on Equality, Fraternity and Freedom 

John F Kennedy Quotes

​John F Kennedy Quotes - ask not what your country can do for you -- ask what you can do for your country. Forgive your enemies, but never forget their names. Change is the law of life. And those who look only to the past or present are certain to miss the future. Those who … Continue reading John F Kennedy Quotes

Sun Tzu Quotes on Warfare and Realist Politics

​Sun Tzu All warfare is based on deception. Hence to fight and conquer in all your battles is not supreme excellence; supreme excellence consists in breaking the enemy's resistance without fighting. If you know the enemy and know yourself you need not fear the results of a hundred battles. The supreme art of war is … Continue reading Sun Tzu Quotes on Warfare and Realist Politics

Sigmund Freud – Quotes

Being entirely honest with oneself is a good exercise. Sometimes a cigar is just a cigar. We are never so defenseless against suffering as when we love. The ego is not master in its own house. Most people do not really want freedom, because freedom involves responsibility, and most people are frightened of responsibility. America … Continue reading Sigmund Freud – Quotes

Jean-Paul Satre Quotes

Jean-Paul Satre Quotes Man is condemned to be free; because once thrown into the world, he is responsible for everything he does. Freedom is what you do with what's been done to you. Three o'clock is always too late or too early for anything you want to do. If you are lonely when you are … Continue reading Jean-Paul Satre Quotes

Why Quit India Movement (August Revolution)is most UnGandhian?

Why Quit India Movement (August Revolution)is most UnGandhian? It was most militant and UnGandhian because of following reasons. Movement was clear rebellion, least controlled and most spontaneous Gandhi allowed use of arms in self-defense Justified armed resistance against stronger and well-equipped aggressor Called for Do or Die Asked not to remain alive to see country … Continue reading Why Quit India Movement (August Revolution)is most UnGandhian?

Edmund Burke Quotes to support State as an Institution

The only thing necessary for the triumph of evil is for good men to do nothing. Nobody made a greater mistake than he who did nothing because he could do only a little. Those who don't know history are destined to repeat it. When bad men combine, the good must associate; else they will fall … Continue reading Edmund Burke Quotes to support State as an Institution

F​riedrich Nietzsche Quotes

Friedrich Nietzsche That which does not kill us makes us stronger. He who fights with monsters might take care lest he thereby become a monster. And if you gaze for long into an abyss, the abyss gazes also into you. He who has a why to live can bear almost any how. In individuals, insanity … Continue reading F​riedrich Nietzsche Quotes

Revolutionary Movement in India – Contribution, Source of Influence, Strategy, Achievement

Revolutionary Movement in India Telegram : https://t.me/SimplifiedIAS Contributions Revolutionary term is used for section of Indian Nationalists who believed in "Cult of Bomb". Difference between Revolutionary and Terrorist Revolutionaries used violence against those whom they considered as exploiters. Terrorist go for indiscriminate use of violence and Killing of innocent people can not be justified. Sources … Continue reading Revolutionary Movement in India – Contribution, Source of Influence, Strategy, Achievement

Immanuel Kant Quotes – Use for Ethical Case Studies

​Immanuel Kant Science is organized knowledge. Wisdom is organized life. Morality is not properly the doctrine of how we may make ourselves happy, but how we may make ourselves worthy of happiness. Live your life as though your every act were to become a universal law. So act that your principle of action might safely … Continue reading Immanuel Kant Quotes – Use for Ethical Case Studies

​Confucius Quotes on Everything

​Confucius Quotes Everything has its beauty, but not everyone sees it. It does not matter how slowly you go so long as you do not stop. Our greatest glory is not in never falling, but in rising every time we fall. I want you to be everything that's you, deep at the center of your … Continue reading ​Confucius Quotes on Everything

Barak Obama – Quotes  On Hope, Life, Modern Issues

Change will not come if we wait for some other person or some other time. We are the ones we've been waiting for. We are the change that we seek. If you're walking down the right path and you're willing to keep walking, eventually you'll make progress. The future rewards those who press on. I … Continue reading Barak Obama – Quotes  On Hope, Life, Modern Issues

Mark Twain Quotes

Mark Twain Whenever you find yourself on the side of the majority, it is time to pause and reflect. If you tell the truth, you don't have to remember anything. Don't go around saying the world owes you a living. The world owes you nothing. It was here first. I have never let my schooling … Continue reading Mark Twain Quotes

Atal Bihari Vajpayee -Quotes to use in International Relations

​Atal Bihari Vajpayee Quotes Our nuclear weapons are meant purely as a deterrent against nuclear adventure by an adversary. You can change friends but not neighbours. Global interdependence today means that economic disasters in developing countries could create a backlash on developed countries. We hope the world will act in the spirit of enlightened self-interest. … Continue reading Atal Bihari Vajpayee -Quotes to use in International Relations

Winston Churchill – Quotes which gives hope for optimistic Future

Success consists of going from failure to failure without loss of enthusiasm. If you're going through hell, keep going. You have enemies? Good. That means you've stood up for something, sometime in your life. Courage is what it takes to stand up and speak. Courage is also what it takes to sit down and listen … Continue reading Winston Churchill – Quotes which gives hope for optimistic Future

Adolf Hitler Quotes

Those who want to live, let them fight, and those who do not want to fight in this world of eternal struggle do not deserve to live. If you tell a big enough lie and tell it frequently enough, it will be believed. He alone, who owns the youth, gains the future. Make the lie … Continue reading Adolf Hitler Quotes

Hannah Arendt -VIP Quotes for Essay and Ethics

​Hannah Arendt The most radical revolutionary will become a conservative the day after the revolution. The sad truth is that most evil is done by people who never make up their minds to be good or evil. Only crime and the criminal, it is true, confront us with the perplexity of radical evil; but only … Continue reading Hannah Arendt -VIP Quotes for Essay and Ethics

Voltaire Quotes For Ethical and Political Questions and Essays

Judge of a man by his questions rather than by his answers. I disapprove of what you say, but will defend to the death your right to say it. Common sense is genius in homespun. II Those who can make you believe absurdities can make you commit atrocities. Every man is guilty of all the … Continue reading Voltaire Quotes For Ethical and Political Questions and Essays

George Washington – Quotes on Everything From Life to State

Associate with men of good quality if you esteem your own reputation; for it is better to be alone than in bad company. Be courteous to all, but intimate with few, and let those few be well tried before you give them your confidence. If the freedom of speech is taken away then dumb and … Continue reading George Washington – Quotes on Everything From Life to State

Montesquieu Quotes – Use in Political Essays

There is no greater tyranny than that which is perpetrated under the shield of the law and in the name of justice. Success in the majority of circumstances depends on knowing how long it takes to succeed. I have always observed that to succeed in the world one should appear like a fool but be … Continue reading Montesquieu Quotes – Use in Political Essays

Gramsci, Follower of Marxism – Quotes for Essay and Ethics

Gramsci Pessimism of the spirit; optimism of the will. I'm a pessimist because of intelligence, but an optimist because of will. The challenge of modernity is to live without illusions and without becoming disillusioned. To tell the truth is revolutionary. I turn and turn in my cell like a fly that doesn't know where to … Continue reading Gramsci, Follower of Marxism – Quotes for Essay and Ethics

J.S. Mill Quotes -Father of Liberalism

​John Stuart  Mill One person with a belief is equal to a force of ninety-nine who have only interests. A person may cause evil to others not only by his actions but by his inaction, and in either case he is justly accountable to them for the injury. Conservatives are not necessarily stupid, but most … Continue reading J.S. Mill Quotes -Father of Liberalism

Joseph Stalin Quotes – Can be used for Realist Political Essays.

It is enough that the people know there was an election. The people who cast the votes decide nothing. The people who count the votes decide everything. A single death is a tragedy; a million deaths is a statistic. Education is a weapon, whose effect depends on who holds it in his hands and at … Continue reading Joseph Stalin Quotes – Can be used for Realist Political Essays.

John Locke Quotes – Use to defend Liberal State and Preserving Democracy

John Locke I have always thought the actions of men the best interpreters of their thoughts. Reading furnishes the mind only with materials of knowledge; it is thinking that makes what we read ours. All mankind... being all equal and independent, no one ought to harm another in his life, health, liberty or possessions. The … Continue reading John Locke Quotes – Use to defend Liberal State and Preserving Democracy

Rousseau’s Quotes – Father of French Revolution

Rousseau's  Quotes are very important for Essay and Ethics Preparation. Man is born free and everywhere he is in chains. People who know little are usually great talkers, while men who know much say little. What wisdom can you find that is greater than kindness? Those that are most slow in making a promise are … Continue reading Rousseau’s Quotes – Father of French Revolution

Abraham Lincoln Quotes for Essay

​Abraham Lincoln Quotes Nearly all men can stand adversity, but if you want to test a man's character, give him power. Most folks are about as happy as they make up their minds to be. And in the end, it's not the years in your life that count. It's the life in your years. Always … Continue reading Abraham Lincoln Quotes for Essay

Western Political Thoughts- Thomas Hobbes Quotes

Thomas Hobbes Leisure is the mother of philosophy. I am about to take my last voyage, a great leap in the dark. Force and fraud are in war the two cardinal virtues. The condition of man... is a condition of war of everyone against everyone. The obligation of subjects to the sovereign is understood to … Continue reading Western Political Thoughts- Thomas Hobbes Quotes

​Machiavelli – Father of Realism Quotes

Machiavelli - Father of Realism Quotes It is better to be feared than loved, if you cannot be both. If an injury has to be done to a man it should be so severe that his vengeance need not be feared. The first method for estimating the intelligence of a ruler is to look at … Continue reading ​Machiavelli – Father of Realism Quotes

Western Political Thoughts- Socrates Quotes

Socrates Quotes An unexamined life is not worth living. True knowledge exists in knowing that you know nothing. To find yourself, think for yourself. I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think. By all means marry: if you get a good wife, you’ll become happy; if you get a bad one, you’ll … Continue reading Western Political Thoughts- Socrates Quotes

Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru – Quotes

Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru Quotes Life is like a game of cards. The hand that is dealt you is determinism; the way you play it is free will. Culture is the widening of the mind and of the spirit. Time is not measured by the passing of years but by what one does, what one feels, … Continue reading Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru – Quotes

Indira Gandhi – Quotes

​Indira Gandhi The power to question is the basis of all human progress. Forgiveness is a virtue of the brave. You must learn to be still in the midst of activity and to be vibrantly alive in repose. Martyrdom does not end something, it only a beginning. A nation' s strength ultimately consists in what … Continue reading Indira Gandhi – Quotes

Aurobindo Ghosh Quotes for Essay 

​Aurobindo Ghosh Quotes That which we call the Hindu religion is really the Eternal religion because it embraces all others. Hidden nature is secret God. India of the ages is not dead nor has she spoken her last creative word; she lives and has still something to do for herself and the human peoples. To … Continue reading Aurobindo Ghosh Quotes for Essay 

Dr. BABASAHEB AMBEDKAR  Quotes 

I like the religion that teaches liberty, equality and fraternity. Life should be great rather than long. I measure the progress of a community by the degree of progress which women have achieved. Cultivation of mind should be the ultimate aim of human existence. Men are mortal. So are ideas. An idea needs propagation as … Continue reading Dr. BABASAHEB AMBEDKAR  Quotes 

Plato – Quotes For Essay

Only the dead have seen the end of war. Music is a moral law. It gives soul to the universe, wings to the mind, flight to the imagination, and charm and gaiety to life and to everything. Be kind, for everyone you meet is fighting a hard battle. Wise men talk because they have something … Continue reading Plato – Quotes For Essay

Indian Political Thoughts- Buddha – Quotes

​Buddha Quotes - You will not be punished for your anger, you will be punished by your anger. Do not dwell in the past, do not dream of the future, concentrate the mind on the present moment. Holding on to anger is like grasping a hot coal with the intent of throwing it at someone … Continue reading Indian Political Thoughts- Buddha – Quotes

UPSC CSE Mains General Studies Paper – II Syllabus

General Studies Paper - II (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations) a. Constitution and Polity Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure. Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and … Continue reading UPSC CSE Mains General Studies Paper – II Syllabus