BNT162b2 is a vaccine that has been developed using mRNA technologye. it makes use of the messenger RNA molecules that tell cells what proteins to build.The mRNA, in this case, is coded to tell the cells to recreate the spike protein of the novel coronavirus.The coronavirus spike protein is a molecular machine that facilitates the entry of coronavirus into host … Continue reading About: Pfizer Vaccine
What is a bulk drug park and why Himachal wants one In News Himachal Pradesh (HP) is one of the states trying to get an allotment of a bulk drug park under the central government bulk drug park scheme.The HP government has identified around 1,400 acres in Una district and sent a proposal to the Centre.Several … Continue reading About: Bulk drugs or APIs
Headline : Ban or regulate? Editorial 29th Jul'19 TheHindu Details : Use of Cryptocurrencies at this moment in a bit shady: Bitcoin, the most prominent among cryptocurrencies, has fluctuated wildly in value, even over short periods of time. As per some analysts, for now, “speculation remains Bitcoin’s primary use case”. Its use in illegal online marketplaces … Continue reading Ban or regulate? Editorial 29th Jul’19 TheHindu
Headline : Hepatitis B and C major killers, but few know it Details : In News: On the World Hepatitis Day, the Union health minister pledged to join a campaign initiated by the Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences (ILBS) to create awareness about the disease. Context of the topic: In India, more people are dying … Continue reading Everything about Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C
Headline : PSLV to launch military’s eye in the sky Details : The News ISRO will launch India’s first electronic intelligence satellite, EMISAT onboard PSLV-C45. PSLV-C45 Mission PSLV-C45 mission, for the first time, will launch satellites in 3 different orbits EMISAT, electronic intelligence satellite in the low earth orbit, 749 km above the surface of … Continue reading Everything about EMISAT: Electronic Intelligence Satellite, PSLV-C45 Mission
Lok Sabha Passes Bill Banning Commercial Surrogacy Details : The News The Lok Sabha has passed the Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill 2016 that seeks to put a blanket ban on commercial surrogacy and regulate altruistic surrogacy in India. The bill was cleared by the Union cabinet in March 2018 after the recommendations of a Parliamentary Standing … Continue reading Everything about Commercial Surrogacy
Headline : Successful anti-satellite missile test puts India in elite club Details : In News India successfully conducted an Anti-Satellite (ASAT) missile test, named Mission Shakti, becoming the fourth country in the world to demonstrate the capability to shoot down satellites in orbit. News Summary Under Mission Shakti, India demonstrated the capability to destroy a satellite … Continue reading Everything about Mission Shakti
Headline : Prelims Program: National Innovations on Climate Resilient Agriculture (NICRA) Details : Climate change: Problems faced in India Climate Change, caused by the increased concentration of greenhouse gases (GHGs) in the atmosphere, has emerged as the most prominent global environmental problem. Most of the countries including India are facing the problems of rising temperature, melting of … Continue reading Prelims Program: National Innovations on Climate Resilient Agriculture (NICRA)
Headline : A-SAT tech gives India diplomatic bargaining power Editorial 28th Mar'19 LiveMint Details : Anti-Satellite (ASAT) missile test: India has successfully conducted an Anti-Satellite (ASAT) missile test. Conducting the test under Mission Shakti, India demonstrated the capability to destroy a satellite in the low earth orbit (LEO) at about 300 km above the earth's surface, using an … Continue reading A-SAT tech gives India diplomatic bargaining power Editorial 28th Mar’19 LiveMint
• It is a chronic infective eye disease caused by infection with the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis which is transmitted through contact with eye and nose discharge of infected people, particularly young children who are most vulnerable to the infection. • It is also spread by flies which come in contact with the infected person and … Continue reading What is Trachoma?
Approach Introduce by mentioning the need for biotechnology in agriculture and allied sectors Explain how biotechnology can be used in agriculture and allied sectors. Conclude appropriately. Model Answer : Agriculture along with its allied sectors is the largest source of livelihood in India. Biotechnology can be instrumental in improving productivity and modernising these sectors. The … Continue reading Discuss the applications of biotechnology in the agriculture and allied sectors.
• Chandrayaan-2, the lunar mission, will be launched in April this year. • Under this mission ISRO for the first time will attempt to land a rover on the Moon's south pole. • In Chandrayaan-1 mission, ISRO has spotted water on the moon. • Chandrayaan-2 is a further extension of the project as it also involves … Continue reading Everything about Chandrayaan-2
Q30. Consider the following statements: 1. The image formed by a plane mirror is always virtual and erect. 2. An image formed by a convex mirror is always virtual, erect and diminished. Which of the statements given above is/are correct? A. 1 only B. 2 only C. Both 1 and 2 D. Neither 1 nor … Continue reading Prelims- Q30. Consider the following statements:
Q23. Which of the following pairs is not correctly matched? Enzymes Produced In A. Trypsin – Pancreas B. Pesin – Stomach C. Salivary Amylase – Saliva D. Lipase - Liver Answer: D Exp: The stomach is a large organ which expands when food enters it. The muscular walls of the stomach help in mixing the … Continue reading Quiz-Q23. Which of the following pairs is not correctly matched?
Paragraph: DIRECTIONS for Question No. 24: The following question consists of two statements, one labelled ‘Assertion’ (A) and the other labelled ‘Reason’ (R). Examine these two statements carefully and decide if the Assertion and the Reason are individually true and if so, whether the Reason is a correct explanation of the Assertion. Select your answer … Continue reading Quiz-Q24- Asserssion and Reasoning Question
Q10. With reference to Mitochondria, consider the following statements: 1. They have their own DNA and ribosomes. 2. They are storage sacs of solid and liquid content. Which of the statements given above is/are correct? A. 1 only B. 2 only C. Both 1 and 2 D. Neither 1 nor 2 Answer: A Exp: Mitochondria … Continue reading Quiz- Q10. With reference to Mitochondria, consider the following statements:
Q16. Epidermis on the aerial parts of the plant often secretes a waxy layer to protect against: A. Loss of water B. Mechanical injury C. Invasion by parasitic fungi D. All of the above Answer: D Exp: The outermost layer of cells is known as epidermis. The epidermis is usually made of a single layer … Continue reading Quiz- Q16. Epidermis on the aerial parts of the plant often secretes a waxy layer to protect against:
Artificial Intelligence • It is a term coined in 1956 by John McCarthy at the Dartmouth conference, Massachusetts Institute of Technology. • It is an area of computer science that emphasises on the creation of intelligent machines that work and react like humans. • Some of the activities which computers with artificial intelligence are designed, … Continue reading Artificial Intelligence and it’s application
INS Kalvari • INS Kalvari is a Scorpene-class submarine described as a "deadly predator". • It is one of six built by Mazagon Dock Limited in Mumbai as a part of Project-75 of the Indian Navy. • Kalvariis a potent Man o’ War capable of undertaking offensive operations spanning across the entire spectrum of Maritime … Continue reading Everything about INS Kalvari
What is a missile? A missile is essentially a sophisticated bomb which after being released is governed by the laws of ballistics. The laws of ballistics means only the force of gravity acts upon it. It can be made more accurate and faster by attaching a propulsion system to the bomb and then it is … Continue reading Everything about Missiles
Air to air refuelling It is also known as Aerial refuelling, air refuelling, in-flight refuelling and tanking. It is the process of transferring aviation fuel from one military aircraft to another during flight. During air-to-air refuelling, both aircraft must maintain accurate flying parameters. The two main refuelling systems are: Probe-and-drogue: It requires exceptional flying skills as … Continue reading Everything about Aerial Refueling
The global figures • The report shows that there were 5 million more malaria cases in 2016 than in 2015. • The estimated global tally of malaria deaths reached 445,000 in 2016 compared to 446,000 the previous year. • The African Region continues to bear an estimated 90% of all malaria cases and deaths worldwide. … Continue reading Everything about World Malaria Report 2017 by WHO
Umang (Unified Mobile Application for New-age Governance (UMANG) app: • It is a unified app to serve e-governance through mobile devices. • It is developed by the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) and National e-Governance Division (NeGD). • It is to offer services of the central, state, local bodies and various government agencies … Continue reading Everything about Umang App (Unified Mobile Application for New-age Governance (UMANG)
TRAPPIST-1: It is an ultra-cool dwarf star about 40 light years away, located in the constellation Aquarius. It is named after the telescope that discovered this system - TRAPPIST (Transiting Planets and Planetesimals Small Telescop) in Chile. The planets have sizes and masses comparable to the Earth and Venus. It is an ultra-cool star (unlike … Continue reading TRAPPIST-1:
Dhruv: Dhruv has been indigenously designed and developed by the HAL, and is powered by the Shakti engine jointly developed with Turbomeca of France. It is a twin engine, multi-role, multi-mission new generation helicopter. It is superior to the other helicopters used by the Army such as Cheetah and Chetak, both of which have single … Continue reading Dhruv:
Hyperloop: It is a system where magnetically levitating capsules are sent at high speeds through low-pressure tubes. It was entrepreneur Elon Musk who came up with the idea for a hyperloop. The Hyperloop project is being pegged as a mode of transport different from rail, mainly due to following reasons: It is said to be … Continue reading Hyperloop
Hazardous Substance Management To promote safe management and use of hazardous substance in order to avoid damage to the health and env. International conventions Basel convention - control the transboundary mvmt of hazardous waste Non binding agreement Reduce the movement of hazardous waste between nations Prevent transfer of hazardous waste from developed to less developed country USA, … Continue reading International Treaties fro Hazardous Substance Management
CITES (the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) is an international agreement between governments. Its aim is to ensure that international trade in specimens of wild animals and plants does not threaten their survival. Today, it accords varying degrees of protection to more than 35,000 species of animals and plants, whether they are traded … Continue reading CITES ( Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora)
What is Cyberwar? Cyberwar is a form of war which takes places on computers and the Internet, through electronic means rather than physical ones. With an increasing global reliance on technology for everything from managing national electrical grids to ordering supplies for troops, cyberwar is a method of attack which many nations are vulnerable to. … Continue reading Everything about Cyberwar?
What is surrogacy? Surrogacy is where a woman becomes pregnant with the intention of handing over the child to someone else after giving birth. Generally, she carries the baby for a couple or parent who cannot conceive a child themselves - they are known as "intended parents". There are two forms of surrogacy. In traditional … Continue reading Everything about Surrogacy
Neutrino Very similar to electrons Second most abundant particles after photon Don’t carry any charge Are not massless Neutrinos are miniscule particles created in nuclear reactions, such as in the birth and death of sun and the stars, or in nuclear power plants. Neutrinos interact with matter via the weak force. The weakness of this … Continue reading Neutrino and Indian Neutrino Observatory