Indian National Anthem Facts
• Jana Gana Mana is the national anthem of India.
• The underlying message of Jana Gana Mana is pluralism.
• Jana Gana Mana was written on 11 December 1911.
• It was first sung on 27 December 1911 at the Calcutta Session of the Indian National Congress and again in January 1912 at the annual event of the Adi Brahmo Samaj.
• The song “Jana Gana Mana” was first published in January 1912, under the title ‘Bharat Vidhata’ in the Ratva bodhini Patrika edited by Tagore.
• The song was translated in English by Tagore in 1919 under the title ‘Morning song of India’.
• It was adopted by the Constituent Assembly as the National Anthem of India on 24 January 1950.
• The song initially was largely unknown to the people, except to the readers of the Brahmo Samaj journal, Tattwabodhini Patrika, of which Tagore was the editor.
• A formal rendition of the national anthem takes fifty-two seconds. A shortened version consisting of the first and last lines (and taking about 20 seconds to play) is also staged occasionally.