WRITS Under Article 32

Literal Meaning

  • Habeas Corpus – to have the body of
  • Mandamus – command/order to do the duty to public official
  • Prohibition – to forbid higher court to lower court – prevent from exceeding the jurisdiction (in between the trial)
  • Certiorari – to be certified – superior court to inferior court to squash the order or transfer the case (at the end of the trial)
  • Quo Warranto – By what warrant – Authority or claim of a person to office

 

Writs – Constitutional Meaning

  • Habeas Corpus 
    • Have the body of
    • Produce the detainee
  • Mandamus 
    • Command
    • Against public authority
    • To have him do duty
  • Prohibition
    • Forbid
    • HC to lower court
    • To stop trail
    • Against judicial and quasi judicial
    • preventive
  • Certiorari
    • Certified
    • HC to lower
    • Transfer or squash judgment
    • Preventive and curative
    • Judicial + quasi judicial + administrative
  • Quo Warranto 
    • Authority or warrant
    • Against state – public authority